Table 1 - Commercial Freight Activity in the United States by Mode of Transportation: 2002

Table 1 - Commercial Freight Activity in the United States by Mode of Transportation: 2002

(Based on composite estimates) (1)

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Transportation mode Modal estimates Relative shares (percent)
Value
(billion $)
Tons
(million)
Ton—miles
(billion)
Value Tons Ton-miles
All Modes (1) 13,052 19,487 4,409 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single modes 11,599 18,894 4,073 88.9 97.0 92.4
Truck (2) 9,075 11,712 1,515 69.5 60.1 34.4
Rail 392 1,979 1,372 3.0 10.2 31.1
Water 673 1,668 485 5.2 8.6 11.0
Air (incl. truck and air) 563 6 13 4.3 0.3
Pipeline (3) 896 3,529 688 6.9 18.1 15.6
Multiple modes 1,121 229 233 8.6 1.2 5.3
Parcel, postal, or courier 1,022 27 21 7.8 0.1 0.5
Truck and rail 77 52 50 0.6 0.3 1.1
Other multiple modes (4) 22 150 162 0.2 0.8 3.7
Unknown modes 331 365 103 2.5 1.9 2.3

KEY: – Represents measurements less than one-tenth of one percent.

(1) These composite estimates include Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) data and out-of-scope shipments for sectors that are not included in the CFS, such as imports, logging, construction, retail, services, publishing, municipal solid waste, and household and business moves. They also include estimates of in-scope shipments for sectors that are covered in CFS, including some sectors that may have been underestimated due to small sample size, such as exports, intermodal, and petroleum products.
(2) "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck only, for-hire truck, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.
(3)Estimates for pipeline include shipments of crude petroleum.
(4) Other multiple modes include combination of truck and water, rail and water, and other combinations.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, United States Data, December 2004 plus sources for composite estimates listed in box B. The composite estimates were developed through a cooperative effort by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics and the Federal Highway Administration.