Table 3 - Modal Breakdown of Composite Estimates of U.S. Commercial Freight: 2002

Table 3 - Modal Breakdown of Composite Estimates of U.S. Commercial Freight: 2002

(Based on composite estimates) (1)

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Transportation mode Value (billion $) Tons (million) Ton-miles (billion)
CFS 2002 Non CFS Total (1) CFS 2002 Non CFS Total (1) CFS 2002 Non CFS Total (1)
All Modes 8,397 4,655 13,052 11,668 7,819 19,487 3,138 1,271 4,409
Single modes 7,049 4,549 11,599 11,087 7,807 18,894 2,868 1,205 4,073
Truck (2) 6,235 2,840 9,075 7,843 3,870 11,712 1,256 259 1,515
Rail 311 81 392 1,874 105 1,979 1,262 110 1,372
Water 89 584 673 681 987 1,668 283 202 485
Air (incl. truck and air) 265 298 563 4 3 6 6 8 13
Pipeline (3) 149 747 896 685 2,844 3,529 S 688 688
Multiple modes 1,079 42 1,121 217 12 229 226 7 233
Parcel, postal, or courier 988 34 1,022 26 2 27 19 2 21
Truck and rail 70 7 77 43 9 52 46 5 50
Other multiple modes (4) 22 1 22 148 2 150 161 0.5 162
Unknown modes 269 62 331 365 365 44 103
Percent of relative share of total 64.3 35.7 100.0 59.9 40.1 100.0 71.2 28.8 100.0

KEY: - Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure; S = CFS estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

(1) These composite estimates include Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) data and out-of-scope shipments for sectors that are not included in the CFS such as imports, logging, construction, retail, services, publishing, municipal solid waste, and household and business moves. They also include estimates of in-scope shipments for sectors that are covered in CFS but may have been underestimated due to small sample size, such as exports, intermodal, and petroleum products. These composite estimates serve as the 2002 benchmark data for the FHWA Freight Analysis Framework II.
(2) "Truck" as a single mode includes shipment that were made by only private truck only, for-hire truck, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.
(3)Estimates for pipeline include shipments of crude petroleum.
(4) Other multiple modes include combination of truck and water, rail and water, and other combinations.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, United States Data, December 2004 plus sources for composite estimates listed in box B. The composite estimates were developed through a cooperative effort by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics and the Federal Highway Administration.