Table 24 - Top 25 U.S. Freight Gateways, Ranked by Value of Shipments: 2004

Table 24 - Top 25 U.S. Freight Gateways, Ranked by Value of Shipments: 2004

(Current $, billions)

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Rank Port name Mode Total U.S. trade Exports Imports Exports as % of total
1 JFK International Airport, NY Air 125.3 52.7 72.6 42.0
2 Los Angeles, CA Water 121.4 16.4 105.1 13.5
3 Long Beach, CA Water 121.3 18.6 102.8 15.3
4 Detroit, MI Land 113.8 58.2 55.6 51.1
5 Port of New York and New Jersey Water 113.5 23.1 90.4 20.4
6 Laredo, TX Land 89.5 38.4 51.1 42.9
7 Los Angeles International Airport, CA Air 68.7 33.9 34.8 49.3
8 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Land 68.3 31.7 36.6 46.5
9 Houston, TX Water 66.4 29.2 37.2 44.0
10 Port Huron, MI Land 65.9 23.6 42.3 35.8
11 Chicago, IL Air 65.4 25.2 40.1 38.6
12 San Franscisco International Airport, CA Air 54.6 24.3 30.3 44.5
13 Charleston, SC Water 46.7 15.4 31.3 32.9
14 El Paso, TX Land 42.8 18.3 24.4 42.9
15 Norfolk, VA Water 33.5 12.0 21.5 35.8
16 Baltimore, MD Water 31.3 6.9 24.4 22.0
17 Dallas/Ft. Worth, TX Air 31.2 14.6 16.6 46.7
18 New Orleans, LA Air 30.0 15.2 14.8 50.6
19 Seattle, WA Water 29.6 6.7 22.9 22.6
20 Tacoma, WA Water 28.9 5.3 23.6 18.3
21 Oakland, CA Water 27.3 8.5 18.8 31.1
22 Savannah, GA Water 26.3 9.7 16.6 36.9
23 Anchorage, AK Air 26.3 5.7 20.5 21.8
24 Miami International Airport, FL Air 25.3 16.2 9.1 64.0
25 Atlanta, GA Air 24.9 10.4 14.6 41.6
Total U.S. merchandise trade by all modes 2,286.2 816.5 1,469.7 35.7
Top 25 gateways 1,478.3 520.1 958.2 35.2
Top 25 gateways as share of U.S. total (%) 64.7 63.7 65.2  

NOTE: All data-Trade levels reflect the mode of transportation as a shipment enters or exits a U.S. Customs port. Flows through individual ports are based on reported data collected from U.S. trade documents. Low-value shipments (imports less than $1,250 and exports less than $2,500) and intransit shipments are not included in trade data. Air-Data for all airports are based on U.S. port classifications and include a low level (generally less than 2% to 3% of the total value) of small user-fee airports located in the same region. Air gateways not identified by airport name include major airports in that geographic area in addition to small regional airports. Also due to U.S. Census Bureau confidentiality regulations, data for some of the air gateways include courier operations. For example, data for New Orleans International Airport include FedEx air cargo activity in Memphis, TN.

SOURCES: Air-U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, special tabulation, October 2005. Water- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Navigation Data Center, special tabulation, November 2005. Land-U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Adminstration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Surface Freight Data, October 2005.