Figure 10 Average Length of Haul of U.S. Freight Shipments by Transportation Mode: 1993 and 2002*

Figure 10
Average Length of Haul of U.S. Freight Shipments by Transportation Mode: 1993 and 2002*

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(Miles per ton)

Mode of Transporation Year
1993 2002
All modes 272 285
Air-truck 1,277 1,429
Multimodal 718 1,061
Rail 610 662
Pipeline 372 455
Water 415 313
Truck 128 158
Other 171 153

KEY: * 2002 data are preliminary

NOTE: The data in this figure include the Bureau of Transportation Statistics estimates of out-of-scope missing pieces. These estimates cover logging, farm-based truck shipments, truck imports from Canada and Mexico, rail imports from Canada and Mexico, air cargo imports and exports, water imports and exports, and pipeline crude and petroleum products shipments. These estimates exclude other out-of-scope categories of goods movements for which no reasonable basis for an estimate currently exists including, government shipments, service sector, retail sector, construction sector, transportation service providers, household goods movement, and municipal solid waste.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on 1993 and preliminary 2002 Commodity Flow Survey data plus additional estimates from Bureau of Transportation Statistics.