Figure 4
U.S. Share of World Merchandise Trade: 1990—2008

Figure 4
U.S. Share of World Merchandise Trade: 1990—2008

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Year Original data Data for figure
World
(billions of current U.S. $)
United States
(billions of current U.S. $)
U.S. share of world total (percent)
Exports Imports Exports Imports Exports Imports
1990 3,383 3,517 394 495 11.6 14.1
1991 3,494 3,636 422 488 12.1 13.4
1992 3,749 3,895 448 533 12.0 13.7
1993 3,723 3,796 465 581 12.5 15.3
1994 4,258 4,321 513 663 12.0 15.3
1995 5,083 5,146 585 744 11.5 14.4
1996 5,305 5,391 625 795 11.8 14.8
1997 5,530 5,598 689 870 12.5 15.5
1998 5,400 5,526 682 912 12.6 16.5
1999 5,667 5,821 696 1,025 12.3 17.6
2000 6,388 6,593 782 1,218 12.2 18.5
2001 6,141 6,381 729 1,141 11.9 17.9
2002 6,435 6,629 693 1,161 10.8 17.5
2003 7,518 7,748 725 1,257 9.6 16.2
2004 9,133 9,486 819 1,470 9.0 15.5
2005 10,363 10,759 906 1,673 8.7 15.6
2006 11,969 12,364 1,037 1,854 8.7 15.0
2007 13,849 14,342 1,162 1,957 8.4 13.6
2008 16,044 16,709 1,301 2,100 8.1 12.6

SOURCES: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on data from various sources. United States—U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, available at www.census.gov/foreign-trade/index.htm as of May 12, 2009. World—International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics. Available at www.imfstatistics.org as of Sept. 14, 2009.

  • From 1990 to 2008, the U.S. share of the worlds total imports was larger than its share of exports. During this period, the U.S. share of total exports fell faster than its share of the worlds total imports (IMF 2009).