Table B-1 Estimate of Average Daily Travel Distances in Singapore

Table B-1
Estimate of Average Daily Travel Distances in Singapore

Mode Travel time min/cap/d Mean speed km/h Distance traveled km/cap/d Reference/comments
Walk 8.9 4.4 0.65 Tanaboriboon (1986)
Bike 0.2 6 0.02 Relates to Indonesian cities (Tjahjati et al. 1991)
Motor Bike 1.6 32.3 0.86 Assumed to equal automobile speed
Automobile 11.5 32.3 6.19 Fwa et al. (1993)
Bus 34.5 17 9.78 Mean over different services and times, Ang (1993)
MRT 6.8 17 1.93 Assumed to equal bus speed
Others 1.2 17 0.34 Assumed to equal bus speed
Total 64.7 18.3 19.77 Resulting from above data

Sources: Travel times by mode are derived from Singapore survey (Olszewski et al. 1994, tables 7.7, 8.1, and 10.2). All mean speeds are taken from the indicated references or are estimates