Chapter Five Homeland and National Security
Homeland and National Security
The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States focused attention on the security of the U.S. transportation system-including ports and waterway facilities. In fact, the United States has had a longtime interest in maintaining a U.S.-flag merchant fleet that can support economic and homeland security needs in times of political or economic turmoil. This chapter provides data on major U.S. homeland and national security programs and operations administered by the Maritime Administration (MARAD) and the U.S. Coast Guard of the U.S. Department of Transportation. It also includes data on worldwide attacks on transportation and piracy against ships.