Table 1-42M. Average Length of Haul, Domestic Freight and Passenger Modes (Kilometers)

Table 1-42M. Average Length of Haul, Domestic Freight and Passenger Modes (Kilometers)

Excel | CSV

  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Freight                             
Air carrier 1,534 1,518 1,632 1,741 1,693 1,862 2,235 2,166 2,239 2,134 R1,793 R1,720 R1,730 R1,453 1,432
Trucka 438 417 423 460 584 589 629 641 660 655 631 669 R686 R700 715
Class I rail 742 810 829 871 991 1,070 1,168 1,209 1,228 1,278 1,315 1,357 1,355 1,370 1,344
Water                              
Coastwise 2,408 2,416 2,429 2,192 3,082 3,174 2,581 2,744 2,836 2,655 2,659 2,659 2,456 2,140 2,029
Lakewise 840 795 814 853 863 843 890 861 835 827 818 827 818 816 813
Internal 454 478 531 576 652 700 756 777 771 753 776 795 768 750 760
Intraport U U U 26 27 24 21 21 19 19 26 26 27 24 24
Oil Pipeline                              
Crude 523 515 483 1,019 1,402 1,250 1,296 1,326 1,331 1,259 1,217 R1,202 R1,254 R1,147 1,109
Petroleum products 433 539 575 830 666 629 626 608 605 642 644 R632 R632 R632 632
Passenger                             
Air carrier, 938 988 1,091 1,123 1,184 1,220 1,292 1,297 1,297 1,286 1,267 1,273 1,291 R1,315 1,308
domestic, scheduled                              
Bus, intercity 127 151 171 182 201 195 227 230 219 222 222 225 230 R232 232
Commuter rail 33 34 36 37 37 38 35 37 37 35 34 39 39 R37 U
Amtrakb RN RN RN R380 R348 R372 439 457 459 452 436 431 414 412 406

a Total Class I and Class II motor carriers of freight (less-than-truckload, specialized carrier for truckload, and others).  
b Amtrak began operations in 1971. Data are reported for fiscal years.  

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

NOTES: Conversion to Kilometers occurred after the following calculations. Average length of haul for freight is calculated by dividing ton-miles in table 1-11 by  estimates of tonnage from the various data sources. The calculation of average length of haul for passenger trips varies by mode: for air carrier it is  calculated by dividing revenue passenger-miles by revenue passenger enplanements; for commuter rail, intercity bus, and  Amtrak it is calculated by dividing passenger-miles by number of passengers.

SOURCES:
Freight:
Air carrier, truck:
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 71.
Class I rail:
Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 36.
Water:
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States, Part 5 (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues),  section 1, Table 1-4
Oil pipeline: 
1960-70: Transportation Policy Associates, Washington, DC, personal communication. 
1975-98: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 71. 
Passenger:  
Air carrier: 
U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Traffic  
Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues). 
Intercity bus and commuter rail: 
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 70. 
Amtrak: 
1970-85: Amtrak, corporate communication, Jan. 26, 1999. 
1990-98: Amtrak, Amtrak FY99 Annual Report (Washington, DC), statistical appendix, p. III.