Table 1-54. Worldwide Commercial Space Launches

Table 1-54. Worldwide Commercial Space Launches

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  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Total 1990-99
United States                     
Athena 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 4
Atlas 0 2 3 1 3 5 6 6 3 3 32
Conestoga 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Delta 4 4 3 1 1 1 2 7 11 5 39
Pegasus 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 3 1 8
Taurus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Titan 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Total 7 6 6 3 4 8 8 16 17 13 88
Europe                     
Ariane 4 5 6 6 6 8 8 9 11 9 8 76
Total 5 6 6 6 8 8 9 11 9 8 76
Russia                      
Cosmos 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Dnepr 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Proton 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 6 4 5 17
Shtil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Soyuz 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 6
Start 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 5 13 27
Ukraine                     
Zenit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
China                     
Long March 2C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 6
Long March 2E 0 0 2 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 6
Long March 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 3
Long March 3B 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3
Total 1 0 2 0 2 3 2 3 4 1 18
Sea Launcha                     
Zenit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
TOTAL space launches13 12 14 9 14 19 21 37 36 36 211

a Sea Launch is an international venture involving organizations in four countries and uses its own launch facility outside national borders. Their first commercial launch, in 1999, was licensed by the Federal Aviation Administration.

NOTES: A commercial launch is a launch that is internationally competed, i.e., available in principle to international  launch providers, or whose primary payload is commercial in nature. Data are for orbital launches only.

SOURCES: 1990-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Associate Administrator for Commercial  Space Transportation, personal communication, Feb. 25, 1999. 1999: Ibid., Commercial Space Transportation: 1999 Year in Review (Washington, DC: Jan. 2000), Internet site http://ast.faa.gov/launch_info/ as of Apr. 12, 2000, tables 1 and 4 (with supporting text).