Table 4-2. U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector (Quadrillion Btu)

Table 4-2. U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector (Quadrillion Btu)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Energy consumption                               
Transportation 10.56 12.40 16.06 18.21 19.66 20.02 22.49 22.08 22.42 22.84 R23.47 R23.92 R24.47 R24.77 R25.3 25.89
% of total 24.1 23.5 24.2 R25.8 25.9 R27.1 27.7 27.2 R27.2 R27.1 R27.3 R27.3 R27.1 R27.2 R27.7 28
Industrial 16.26 19.24 21.92 20.39 21.07 17.67 19.62 19.32 R20.19 R20.42 R21.01 R21.27 R21.97 R22.07 R21.68 21.96
% of total 37.1 36.5 33.0 28.9 27.7 23.9 24.1 23.8 R24.5 R24.2 R24.4 R24.3 R24.3 R24.3 R23.8 23.7
Residential and commercial 8.75 10.00 12.14 11.60 10.72 9.78 9.55 9.81 9.99 10.32 10.20 R10.31 R10.96 R10.70 R9.85 10.17
% of total 20.0 19.0 18.3 16.4 14.1 13.2 11.8 12.1 R12.3 12.3 11.9 R11.8 R12.1 R11.8 R10.8 11
Energy Input at electric utilities 8.19 11.01 16.27 20.35 24.51 26.52 29.62 R29.91 R29.82 R30.65 R31.31 R32.06 R33.01 R33.43 R34.4 34.49
% of total 18.7 20.9 24.5 28.8 32.3 35.8 36.4 36.9 R36.2 R36.4 R36.4 R36.6 R36.5 R36.7 R37.7 37.3
Total 43.80 52.68 66.43 70.55 75.96 73.98 81.29 R81.12 R82.42 R84.23 R85.99 R87.56 R90.42 R90.98 R91.23 92.52
Percentage of primary demand met by petroleum                               
Transportation 96.0 95.7 95.3 96.7 96.7 97.4 R97.0 97.2 97.3 97.2 97.0 97.0 97.0 96.9 R97.4 97.5
Industrial 35.4 35.3 35.5 R39.9 45.2 44.2 42.4 41.7 42.8 41.4 R42.1 R40.5 R41.4 42.2 R42.2 43.1
Residential and commercial 39.8 38.6 35.4 32.8 28.3 R25.8 R22.8 22.0 21.3 20.7 20.5 R20.1 R20.1 20.0 R20.0 20.4
Electric utilities 6.7 6.7 13.0 15.6 10.7 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.2 R3.4 3.1 2.1 2.2 2.5 3.4 2.7

a Discontinuity in data between earlier years and 1990 is due to attempts to include sector consumption of renewable energy beginning in that year.

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; R = revised.

NOTES: The data for residential, commercial, and industrial sectors include only fossil fuels consumed directly. Most renewable fuels are not included.  The data for the transportation sector includes only fossil and renewable fuels consumed directly. The data for electric utilities  includes all fuels (fossil, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, and other renewables) used by electric utilities. Due to a lack of consistent monthly historical data, some renewable energy resources are not included in this table. The totals in table 4-4 are the best numbers for total U.S. energy consumption from all sources. Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES:
1960-70: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 1990, DOE/EIA-0394(90) (Washington, DC: May 1991), table 4.
1975-99:Ibid., Monthly Energy Review, Internet site www.eia.doe.gov/gov/pub/energy.overview/monthly.energy/, as of Apr. 27, 2000, tables 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, and 2.6.