Table 4-5. Fuel Consumption by Mode of Transportation

Table 4-5. Fuel Consumption by Mode of Transportation

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Air                             
Certificated carriersa                             
Jet fuel (million gallons) 1,954 3,889 7,857 7,558 9,096 10,121 R12,429 R11,506 R11,763 R11,959 R12,476 12,812 13,188 13,660 13,877
General aviationb                             
Aviation gasoline (million gallons) 242 292 551 412 520 421 353 354 314 268 264 276 287 R292 311
Jet fuel (million gallons) N 56 208 453 766 691 663 577 494 454 471 544 568 R642 815
Highway                             
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels (million gallons)                             
Passenger car and motorcycle 41,171 49,723 67,879 74,253 70,186 71,700 69,759 64,501 65,627 67,246 68,079 68,268 69,419 R70,094 72,414
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle N e 12,313 19,081 23,796 27,363 35,611 38,217 40,929 42,851 44,112 45,605 47,354 R49,388 50,579
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck N 13,848 3,968 5,420 6,923 7,399 8,357 8,172 8,237 8,488 9,032 9,216 9,409 R9,576 9,741
Combination truck N 6,658 7,348 9,177 13,037 14,005 16,133 16,809 17,216 17,748 18,653 19,777 20,193 R20,302 21,100
Bus 827 875 820 1,053 1,018 834 895 864 878 929 964 968 990 R1,027 1,049
Transitc                             
Electricity (million kWh) 2,908 2,584 2,561 2,646 2,446 4,216 4,837 4,853 4,716 4,865 5,081 5,068 5,007 R4,988 P5,250
Motor fuel (million gallons)                             
Diesel 208 248 271 365 431 609 651 665 685 679 678 678 693 R717 P700
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsd 192 124 68 8 11 46 34 34 37 46 60 61 61 R59 P50
Compressed natural gas N N N N N N N N 1 2 5 11 15 R24 P31
Rail, Class I (in freight service)                             
Distillate/diesel fuel (million gallons) 3,463 3,592 3,545 3,657 3,904 3,110 3,115 2,906 3,005 3,088 3,334 3,480 3,579 3,575 3,583
Amtrak                             
Electricity (million kWh) N N N 180 254 295 330 303 300 301 309 304 293 282 275
Distillate/diesel fuel (million gallons) N N N 63 64 65 82 82 82 83 75 66 71 75 75
Water                              
Residual fuel oil (million gallons) 3,952 3,093 3,774 4,060 8,952 4,590 6,326 6,773 6,563 5,282 5,386 5,886 5,701 5,010 5,620
Distillate/diesel fuel oil (million gallons) 787 652 819 1,098 1,478 1,699 2,065 2,046 2,219 2,155 2,189 2,339 2,491 2,574 2,595
Gasoline (million gallons) N N 598 730 1,052 1,053 1,300 1,710 1,316 874 R876 1,060 994 987 956
Pipeline                             
Natural gas (million cubic feet) 347,075 500,524 722,166 582,963 634,622 503,766 659,816 601,305 587,710 624,308 685,362 700,335 711,446 R751,470 635,477

a Domestic operations only.
b Includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations. Data for 1996 are estimated using  new information on nonrespondents and are therefore not comparable to earlier years. See the accuracy statement in the appendix for more detailed information.
c Prior to 1984, excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, ferryboat, demand responsive vehicles, and most  rural and smaller systems.
d Gasoline and all other nondiesel fuels such as liquefied natural gas, methanol and propane, except compressed natural gas.
e Included in single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck category.

KEY: kWh = kilowatt-hour; N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised.

SOURCES:
Air:
Certificated air carriers:
1960-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Internet site http://www.bts.gov/oai/fuel/fuelyearly.html,  as of July 5, 2000.
General aviation:
1960-70: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA Statistical Handbook of Aviation - 1972 edition (Washington, DC: 1973), table 9.12. 
1975-97: Ibid. General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity Survey (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 5.1, and similar tables in earlier editions. 
1998: Ibid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2000-2011 (Washington, DC: March 2000), table 29.
Highway: 
1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995,  FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.
1995-98: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
Transit:
Electricity/motor fuel/compressed natural gas:
1960-98: American Public Transit Association, Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: February 1999), tables 65, 66, 67, and similar tables in earlier editions.
Rail:
1960-98: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: May 1999), p. 40.
Amtrak:
1975-98: Amtrak, State and Local Affairs Department, personal communication.
Water:
Residual and distillate/diesel fuel oil:
1960-80: American Petroleum Institute, Basic Petroleum Data Book (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 10, 10a, 12, and 12a. 
1985-98: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 2 and 4,   and similar tables in earlier editions.
Gasoline:
1970-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MF-24  and similar tables in earlier editions.
Pipeline:
1960-96: U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Annual 1997 (Washington, DC: October 1998), table 101.
1997-98: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Annual 1998 (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1.