Air Carrier Profile

Air Carrier Profile

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Financial 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 R1998 P1999
Operating revenues (thousand dollars)                   
Domestic totala,b 2,178,339 R7,180,161 26,440,297 57,960,508 65,948,993 70,885,050 76,890,526 82,249,568 86,493,789 90,517,576
Majors, all services 1,942,635e 6,272,775e 23,012,073f 53,333,552h 59,846,676h 64,317,169h 70,036,709h 74,942,391h 77,650,810h 80,797,402h
Nationals, all services 146,481 736,831 3,182,418 4,167,552i 5,465,021i 5,935,773i 5,990,391i 6,163,458i 8,113,690i 8,933,847i
Large regionals, all services N N 245,806 459,404j 637,296j 632,108j 863,426j 1,143,719j 729,289j 786,328j
International total 705,938 2,109,497 6,442,144 17,990,355 22,364,429 23,433,483 25,046,820 27,318,034 26,971,289 27,809,573
Majors, all services 705,938 2,109,497 5,976,221g 16,761,376h 19,222,842h 19,892,111h 21,524,274h 23,608,853h 23,356,233h 24,446,105h
Nationals, all services N N 465,923 901,352i 2,697,137i 3,282,606i 3,326,467i 3,376,014i 3,161,212i 2,954,249i
Large regionals, all services N N N 327,627j 444,450j 258,766j 196,079j 333,166j 453,844j 409,219j
Total certificateda R2,884,877 R9,289,658 32,882,441 75,950,863 88,313,422 94,318,533 101,937,346 109,567,602 113,465,078 118,327,149
Operating expenses (thousand dollars)                   
Domestic totala 2,052,094 7,001,668 26,465,999 58,953,086 63,757,937 66,119,699 71,573,073 75,731,215 78,388,515 84,344,125
Majors, all services 1,907,785 6,256,039 23,150,527f 54,209,401h 57,824,115h 59,721,080h 64,793,763h 68,307,270h 70,114,852h 75,244,844h
Nationals, all services 144,309 745,629 3,058,289 4,297,823i 5,285,783i 5,750,372i 5,847,797i 6,163,923i 7,500,451i 8,342,749i
Large regionals, all services N N 257,183 445,862j 648,039j 648,247j 931,513j 1,260,021j 773,212j 756,532j
International total 665,660 2,065,605 6,642,095 18,914,480 21,842,021 22,335,257 24,155,203 25,249,593 25,748,752 26,132,232
Majors, all services 665,660 2,065,605 6,171,366g 17,746,006h 18,875,302h 19,061,258h 20,807,517h 21,688,642h 22,321,441h 23,048,059h
Nationals, all services N N 470,729 853,361i 2,503,462i 3,025,707i 3,166,097i 3,253,249i 3,014,282i 2,698,045i
Large regionals, all services N N N 315,113j 463,257j 248,292j 181,589j 307,702j 413,029j 386,129j
Total certificateda 2,717,754 9,067,273 33,108,094 77,867,566 85,599,958 88,454,956 95,728,276 100,980,807 104,137,267 110,476,358
Inventoryc                   
Number of carriers                   
Total domestic and international 55k 39k R66k R59k R80k R89k R90k R82k R81k 84k
Majors N N R14 12 11 11 12 13 13 13
Nationals N N R18 R15 23 R27 R31 31 R28 33
Regionals N N R34 R32 R46 R51 R47 R38 R40 38
Number of aircraft available for service                   
Total domestic and international 2,135l 2,690l 2,818l 4,727l 5,221l 5,567l 5,961l 5,770l 6,144l 6,254l
Majors N N 2,071 3,854 4,085 4,039 4,422 4,352 4,605 4,711
Nationals N N 432 650 819 1,143 1,167 967 1,113 1,319
Regionals N N 315 223 317 385 372 451 426 224
Number of employees                   
Total domestic and international 169,872k 304,690k 354,264k 588,926k R585,427k R610,363k 634,866k R656,243k R696,202k 728,495k
Majors 118,189 214,021 318,973 549,100 526,379 533,313 564,631 597,953 623,389 650,267
Nationals 12,470 24,913 29,922 32,077 46,670 59,444 56,586 R47,662 R59,414 68,138
Regionals N N 5,369 7,749 R12,378 R17,606 13,649 R10,628 R13,399 10,090
Performance                   
Aircraft revenue-miles (thousands)                   
Domesticb                   
Certificated, all servicesa 858,451m 2,067,598m 2,523,375n 3,963,263o 4,379,830o 4,629,394o 4,811,453o 4,910,948o 5,034,691o 5,308,533o
Major, all servicesa 716,961 1,778,065 2,113,669 3,547,339p 3,760,064p 3,953,287p 4,083,664p 4,191,113p 4,260,052p 4,445,131p
Nationals, all servicesa 94,794 247,055 330,528 351,946q 519,312q 569,641q 614,519q 594,241q 702,913q 781,351q
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 56,995 60,542n 78,573n 85,363n 96,573n 112,682n 51,199n 57,360n
International                   
Certificated, all servicesa 181,605 474,666 400,971r 760,338s 979,765s 997,658s 1,043,313s 1,113,816s 1,192,489s 1,223,177s
Major, all servicesa N N 330,391 666,231q 809,242q 822,283q 859,483q 917,109q 1,003,726q 1,043,737q
Nationals, all servicesa N N 66,499 48,812t 119,839t 141,870t 150,147t 145,821t 145,494t 137,996t
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 2,948 60,542u 41,067u 27,761u 22,519u 47,138u 40,398u 35,766u
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 23,204 9,017v 31,500v 28,847v 27,861v 16,660v 21,024v 30,369v
Total certificateda 1,040,056 2,542,264 2,924,346 4,723,601 5,359,595 5,627,052 5,854,766 6,024,764 6,227,180 6,531,710
Aircraft revenue-hours                   
Domesticb                    
Certificated, all servicesa 3,672,900 5,133,161 6,247,795n 9,717,375o 10,721,374o 11,378,134o 11,871,886o 12,060,253o 12,445,483o 13,040,149o
Major, all servicesa 2,802,317 4,066,480 4,941,327 8,524,236p 8,864,840p 9,257,260p 9,584,525p 9,828,418p 9,957,390p 10,349,988p
Nationals, all servicesa 606,146 908,935 919,187 1,016,491q 1,579,771q 1,839,835q 1,981,219q 1,882,975q 2,299,916q 2,472,930q
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 267,522 167,826n 223,951n 223,007n 260,985n 315,506n 143,197n 153,616n
International                    
Certificated, all servicesa 608,736 977,325 819,518r 1,556,760s 1,978,381s 2,021,060s 2,113,467s 2,235,441s 2,394,095s 2,452,176s
Major, all servicesa N N 668,199 1,351,349q 1,607,155q 1,634,465q 1,712,416q 1,819,583q 1,992,776q 2,071,513q
Nationals, all servicesa N N 140,329 101,533t 251,902t 314,066t 329,311t 309,948t 311,540t 289,523t
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 7,583 88,641u 97,967u 59,572u 48,619u 97,304u 83,437u 75,851u
 Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 123,411 24,059v 74,169v 70,989v 68,278v 41,960v 51,322v 78,904v
Total certificateda 4,281,636 6,110,486 7,190,724 11,298,194 12,699,755 13,399,194 13,985,353 14,295,694 14,839,578 15,492,325
Revenue passenger-miles (thousands)                   
Domesticb                    
Certificated, all services 31,098,944 108,441,978 204,367,599n 345,872,950o 388,398,689o 403,887,802o 434,651,687o 450,612,482o 463,262,198o 487,905,650o
Majors, all services 29,430,428 99,903,229 182,984,795 327,112,620p 352,063,855p 368,701,100p 395,099,254p 410,906,050p 421,217,665p 440,441,958p
Nationals, all services 1,170,779 7,642,071 20,466,712 16,756,818q 31,339,182q 29,255,179q 33,000,546q 33,241,082q 37,699,063q 43,040,816q
Large regionals, all services N N 711,868 1,752,615n 3,757,414n 4,381,267n 5,443,071n 5,778,338n 3,124,802n 3,205,805n
International                    
Certificated, all services 8,950,672m 39,695,392m 63,354,387r 126,362,697s 149,107,689s 154,869,249s 161,512,010s 169,356,100s 172,255,197s 180,263,824s
Majors, all services N N 54,318,160 118,268,507q 133,299,897q 137,986,520q 145,330,811q 153,564,956q 157,398,986q 166,321,018q
Nationals, all services N N 8,659,592 6,794,533t 13,459,194t 16,128,695t 14,681,127t 13,616,245t 13,471,798t 11,498,538t
Large regionals, all services N N 330,288 1,219,706u 1,964,944u 676,925u 505,337u 2,148,486u 1,097,330u 2,034,607u
                     
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 250,571 330,848v 1,621,892v 1,627,365v 2,103,551v 713,425v 1,507,751v 1,626,732v
Total certificateda 40,049,616 148,137,370 267,972,557 472,566,495 537,506,378 558,757,051 596,163,697 619,968,582 635,517,395 668,169,474
Average passenger revenue/passenger-mile                   
(Domestic, scheduled service) 6.09 6.00 11.49 13.43 13.12 13.48 13.76 13.97 14.08 13.96
Average passenger fare                   
(Domestic, scheduled service) 30.01 40.65 84.60 107.86 103.21 106.66 110.37 114.10 114.34 114.99
Revenue passenger enplanements (thousands)                   
Domesticb                    
Certificated, all servicesa 56,352m 153,662m 275,182n 428,767o 489,351o 506,789o 538,394o 548,735o 566,951o 588,601o
Major, all servicesa 48,678 122,866 223,237 393,927p 428,328p 441,650p 466,743p 478,253p 486,903p 502,305p
Nationals, all servicesa 5,949 26,726 47,145 32,015q 53,361q 55,656q 62,183q 61,316q 74,281q 80,504q
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 3,748 2,566n 6,138n 7,136n 7,887n 8,203n 4,352n 4,254n
International                    
Certificated, all servicesa 5,904 16,620 26,514r 46,126s 51,330s 52,864s 54,515s 56,767s 57,759s 57,699s
Major, all servicesa N N 23,949 42,207q 42,702q 44,155q 46,302q 48,614q 49,610q 49,768q
Nationals, all servicesa N N 2,343 2,632t 6,608t 8,114t 7,401t 6,896t 7,038t 6,279t
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 149 1,246u 1,741u 556u 405u 1,231u 940u 1,322u
  Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala   N N 1,125 300v 1,803v 2,386v 1,988v 989v 1,586v 1,868v
Total certificateda 62,256 169,922 302,821 475,193 540,681 559,653 592,909 605,502 624,710 646,300
Revenue passenger                   
Load factor (%) (scheduled service)                   
Domesticb                    
Certificated 58.5 48.9 58.0n 60.4o 64.7o 65.4o 67.9o 69.1o 70.0o 69.8o
Majors 59.5 49.3 58.1 60.6p 65.0p 65.7p 68.5p 69.7p 70.4p 70.2p
Nationals 41.9 43.6 58.4 56.6q 62.6q 61.9q 61.5q 63.2q 65.1q 66.1q
Large regionals N N 47.7 48.7n 60.0n 56.0n 60.4n 60.7n 58.8n 58.7n
International                    
Certificated 62.2 53.0 62.8r 69.1s 70.6s 71.8s 73.3s 74.1s 72.8s 74.4s
Majors N N 62.8 69.1q 70.8q 72.1q 73.7q 74.4q 72.9q 74.5q
Nationals N N 65.5 73.4t 68.2t 67.7t 67.8t 69.6t 70.9t 73.8t
Large regionals N N 73.9 66.5u 46.8u 44.5u 0.0u 64.9u 46.0u Uu
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 46.7v 0.0v 53.8v 59.3v 66.7v 49.7v 58.2v 48.4v
U.S. international passenger travel                   
Total passenger-arrivals (thousands)                   
 Flag of carrier                    
United States 1,332w 5,531w 10,031x 19,145x 23,291y 24,582y 25,148x 26,744x 27,390x 27,462x
Foreign 1,234 4,343 10,231 17,269 20,527 22,328 24,704 27,571 28,791 30,324
Total passenger-departures (thousands)                   
 Flag of carrier                   
United States 1,200 4,949 9,369 17,628 21,355 22,231 22,901 24,302 24,513 25,457
Foreign 1,136 4,147 9,886 16,418 18,993 20,795 22,884 25,382 26,350 28,399
Total revenue ton-miles (thousands)d                   
Domesticb                    
Certificated, all services 3,732,949m 13,876,802m 24,964,907n 43,651,162o 50,631,589o 52,910,081o 56,326,750o 58,658,887o 60,199,459o 62,743,196o
Majors, all services 3,332,483 12,589,057 21,427,534 39,107,033p 44,952,734p 47,015,642p 50,096,661p 52,254,323p 53,424,349p 55,599,771p
Nationals, all services 121,157 850,477 3,336,057 3,561,283q 4,510,285q 4,996,345q 231,398q 5,317,576q 6,012,665q 6,327,438q
Large regionals, all services N N 180,042 945,929n 1,002,552n 718,659n 863,449n 971,942n 508,172n 584,773n
International                    
Certificated, all services 1,291,336 6,308,701 9,689,067r 19,975,915s 24,879,791s 26,295,684s 28,177,721s 30,944,299s 31,481,513s 32,780,309s
Majors, all services N N 7,377,733 17,803,825q 20,681,991q 21,517,789q 22,880,295q 24,971,379q 25,794,344q 27,764,472q
Nationals, all services N N 2,261,534 1,229,849t 3,201,089t 4,116,380t 4,603,920t 4,657,365t 4,376,654t 4,123,176t
Large regionals, all services N N 44,438 835,701u 862,184u 513,476u 396,142u 1,240,303u 1,269,602u 830,782u
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala   N N 28,178 143,457v 300,545v 327,474v 432,606v 190,298v 265,186v 293,093v
Total certificateda 5,024,285 20,185,503 34,682,153 63,770,534 75,511,380 79,205,765 84,504,471 89,603,186 91,650,972 95,523,505
Revenue ton-miles of freight (thousands)                   
 Domesticb                      
Certificated, all services 552,756 2,708,900 4,528,316n 9,063,864o 11,802,778o 12,520,057o 12,860,845o 13,601,412o 13,839,605o 13,957,599o
Majors, all services 321,176 U 3,129,087 6,395,767p 9,746,354p 10,145,537p 10,586,741p 11,163,518p 11,302,583p 11,555,578p
Nationals, all services 3,850 U 1,289,510 1,885,600q 1,387,322q 2,070,570q 1,931,201q 1,993,498q 2,239,140q 2,023,150q
Large regionals, all services N N 108,864 770,670n 626,842n 280,512n 318,542n 398,153n 195,791n 269,628n
 International                     
Certificated, all services 268,156m 1,566,105m 3,353,371r 7,339,660s 9,970,189s 10,854,620s 12,031,634s 14,008,685s 14,262,373s 14,752,926s
Majors, all services N N 1,945,660 5,976,973q 7,351,998q 7,719,138q 8,347,214q 9,614,881q 10,054,448q 11,132,370q
Nationals, all services N N 1,395,575 550,409t 1,855,167t 2,549,371t 3,140,921t 3,295,738t 3,035,853t 2,972,323t
Large regionals, all services N N 11,409 713,733u 666,863u 445,783u 345,609u 1,025,455u 1,159,869u 627,320u
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 3,124 110,372v 138,421v 163,766v 222,251v 118,854v 114,294v 130,156v
Total certificateda 820,907 3,755,436 7,884,811 16,513,896 21,772,967 23,374,677 24,892,479 27,610,097 28,101,978 28,710,525
Safety                   
Air carrier fatalities                   
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                    
Scheduled services N N 0z 39z 239z 166z 342z 3z 1z 12z
Nonscheduled services N N 1 0 0 2 38 5 0 0
Operating under 14 CFR 135                    
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 37 7 25 9 14 46 0 12
Nonscheduled services (on demand air taxis) N N 105 51 63 52 63 39 R48 38
  Totala   499AA 146AA 143 97 327 229 457 93 49 62
Air carrier accidents                   
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                    
Scheduled services N N 15 22 19 34 32 44 R43 48
Nonscheduled services N N 4 2 4 2 6 5 7 4
Operating under 14 CFR 135                    
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 38 15 10 12 11 R17 8 13
Nonscheduled services (on demand air taxis) N N 171 107 85 75 90 82 R77 76
  Totala   90AA 55AA R228 146 118 123 139 148 R135 141
Fatal air carrier accidents                   
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                   
Scheduled services N N 0 6 4 2 3 3 1 2
Nonscheduled services N N 1 0 0 1 2 1 0 0
Operating under 14 CFR 135                   
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 8 4 3 2 1 5 0 5
Nonscheduled services (on demand air taxis) N N 46 29 26 24 29 15 R18 12
  Totala   17AA 8AA 55 39 33 29 35 24 R19 19

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

aTotals include data not in table; thus totals may not be sum of table data.

bDomestic encompasses operations within and between the 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. It also encompasses Canadian and Mexican transborder operations (U.S. airlines only). All other operations are considered international.

cIncludes scheduled and nonscheduled (charter) operators. By Sec. 2 of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 "charter air carrier" and "charter air transportation" replaced supplemental air carriers and supplemental air transportation which were formerly Sec. 101(36) and (37) of the Act. The 24 prederegulation supplemental carriers now have scheduled service authority.

dTotal Revenue TonMiles includes Passenger, Freight, Express and Mail.

SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

eCivil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), pp. 69, 71.

fIbid., Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 3/28, 44.

gIbid., pp. 42, 44.

hU.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December Various years (Washington, DC) p. 3.

iIbid., pp. 30, 31, 32, 35.

jIbid., pp. 65, 71, 72, 76.

kU.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, http://www.bts.gov/oai/employees/employcov.html

LIbid., personal communication.

mCivil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1973, (Washington, DC), Part III, Tables 2, 4, 7, 13.

nIbid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 2, 5, 46, 84.

oU.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Ddepartment of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1991/1990, 1992/1991, 1993/1992, 1994/1993, 1995/1994, 1996/1995, 1997/1996, 1998/1997, 1998/1999 (Washington, DC), p. 2.

pIbid., p. 5.

qIbid., pp. 52, 53, 59.

rCivil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 3, 6, 85, 115.

sU.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1991/1990, 1992/1991, 1993/1992, 1994/1993, 1995/1994, 1996/1995, 1997/1996, 1998/1997, 1998/1999 (Washington, DC), p.3.

tIbid., pp. 52, 53, 56, 60.

uIbid., pp. 118, 119, 133, 134.

vIbid., pp. 178, 182, 187.

wU.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Report of Passenger Travel Between the U.S. and Foreign Countries, 1960, 1970 (Washington, DC).

xU.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, U.S. International Air Travel  Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables IIa and IId.

yU.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, U.S. International Air Passenger Statistics  Report, Calendar Year 1995, (Washington, DC), tables IIa, IId.

zNational Transportation Safety Board, NTSB Press Release, SB-00-05, 2000, tables 6 through 9, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/Stats.htm.

AAIbid., personal communication.