Automobile Profile

Automobile Profile

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Financial  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 R1996 1997 R1998
Personal auto expenditures ($ millions)                 
 New and used carsa g16,571 g26,754 g57,243 g,R119,000 g,R129,500 g,R132,200 g,R133,300 g,R135,600 g143,100
 Tires, tubes, accessories, and parts 2,487 6,087 17,926 R29,900 R35,200 R36,900 R38,700 R39,600 41,700
 Gasoline and oil 12,004 21,921 86,689 R107,300 R109,000 R113,300 R124,200 R128,100 115,200
 Tolls 310 652 1,104 R2,300 R3,300 R3,400 R3,700 R4,000 4,200
 Insurance premiums less claims paid 2,029 3,752 9,443 R18,100 R27,800 R29,700 R31,800 R36,300 38,000
   Repair, greasing, washing, parking, storage, rental, and leasing 5,519 12,329 34,022 R84,900 R110,000 R122,200 R134,200 R146,300 153,100
 Auto registration fees h867 h1,668 h2,893 h6,054 h7,423 h7,043 i7,698 i8,163 l8,630
 Driver's license fees 119 222 370 638 823 823 893 865 917
Totala   39,906 R73,385 209,690 R368,192 R423,046 R445,567 R474,491 R498,928 504,847
Taxi expenditures ($ millions)g609 g1,180 g1,866 g,R2,600 g3,000 g3,200 g3,500 g,R3,700 g4,100
Inventory                 
Number of vehicle registrations                 
 Passenger car and motorcycle j62,245,422 j92,067,655 j127,294,783 j137,959,958 k,R137,686,214 k132,283,966 k,R133,599,940 kR133,575,077 135,717,988
 Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 14,210,591 27,875,934 48,274,555 R57,141,967 65,738,322 R69,133,913 70,224,082 R71,330,205
 Motorcycle 574,032 2,824,098 5,693,940 4,259,462 R3,756,553 3,897,191 R3,871,599 3,826,373 3,879,450
Motor vehicle licensed driversl87,252,563 l111,542,787 l145,295,036 l167,015,250 l175,403,465 l176,628,482 l179,539,340 l182,709,204 184,980,177
Number of employees                 
 Taxicabsm 120,700 106,400 52,500 32,400 30,800 30,700 30,500 30,600 31,200
 Automotive dealers and service stations 1,267,200 1,617,400 1,688,500 2,063,100 2,116,200 2,189,600 2,266,700 R2,310,800 2,332,300
 Motor vehicles, parts, and supplies N N 434,300 456,000 471,400 492,100 502,800 R513,000 516,600
 Auto repair, services, and parking N N 570,900 913,700 968,300 1,020,100 1,080,000 R1,119,600 1,145,200
Performance                 
Vehicle-miles (millions)                 
Passenger car and motorcycle                 
 Rural highway                 
Rural interstate N n62,342 n89,488 n117,519 k,R114,002 k115,991 k,R120,323 k,R121,095 R128,447
Rural other arterial n233,452 182,213 180,857 211,066 R207,540 212,063 R217,559 R221,732 R230,435
Other rural roads 80,171 179,533 180,314 219,325 R196,879 199,878 R203,147 R212,400 R220,376
All rural 313,623 361,746 361,171 430,391 R524,353 527,932 R541,029 R555,227 R579,258
 Urban highwayb                 
Urban interstate N 69,369 124,480 184,783 R199,588 205,489 R211,817 R215,525 R222,066
Other urban N 426,222 546,671 685,129 R698,321 714,670 726,928 R741,885 R758,536
All urban 273,389 495,591 671,151 869,912 R897,909 920,159 R938,745 R957,410 R980,602
 Total rural and urban highway 587,012 857,337 1,032,322 1,300,303 R1,422,262 1,448,091 R1,479,744 R1,512,637 R1,559,860
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle                  
 Rural highway                 
Rural interstate e 6,766 19,952 46,298 R50,849 63,329 65,779 R69,030 72,345
Rural other arterial  e 29,808 56,137 87,474 R73,595 118,305 R122,212 R129,890 132,043
Other rural roads  e 37,017 73,471 94,059 R110,881 113,838 R119504 R128,396 130,420
All rural  e 73,591 149,560 227,831 R235,325 295,472 R307495 R327,316 334,806
 Urban highwayc                 
Urban interstate   e 6,252 23,067 71,500 R86,311 109,807 112,908 R116,680 121,700
Other urban  e 43,443 118,308 275,239 R310,429 384,750 R396,137 R406,743 411,769
All urban  e 49,695 141,375 346,739 R396,741 494,557 R509,045 R523,423 533,469
 Total rural and urban highway e 123,286 290,935 574,570 R632,066 790,029 R816540 R850,739 868,275
Vehicle-miles (millions)                 
 Passenger car and motorcycle j587,012 j919,679 j1,121,810 j1,417,823 R1,416,329 1,448,091 R1,479,774 R1,512,637 1,559,860
 Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 123,286 290,935 574,571 R764,634 790,029 R816,540 R850,739 868,275
 Motorcycle f 2,979 10,214 9,574 10,240 9,797 R9,920 R10,081 10,283
Total  587,012 1,042,965 R1,412,745 1,992,394 R2,180,963 R3,280,932 R2,296,314 R2,363,376 2,428,135
Passenger-milesc (millions)                 
 Passenger car and motorcycle a1,145,000 a1,754,174 a2,024,246 2,293,815 2,262,132 R2,282,870 R2,348,774 R2,400,960 2,475,960
 Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 225,613 520,774 999,754 1,269,292 1,295,648 R1,339,126 R1,395,212 1,423,971
 Motorcycle f 3,277 12,257 12,424 12,390 11,560 R11,706 R11,896 12,134
Total 1,145,000 1,979,787 2,545,020 3,293,569 3,531,424 R3,578,518 R3,687,900 R3,796,172 3,899,932
Average miles traveled per vehicle                 
 Passenger car and motorcycle R9,431 9,989 8,813 10,277 R10,979 10,947 R13,892 R14,216 14,404
 Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 8,676 10,437 11,902 R11,713 12,018 R11,811 R12,115 12,173
 Motorcycle f 1,055 1,794 2,244 2,726 2,514 R2,562 R2,635 2,651
Fuel consumed (million gallons)                 
 Passenger car and motorcycle 41,171 67,879 70,186 69,759 R67,721 68,268 R69419 R70,094 71,904
 Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 12,313 23,796 35,611 R44,423 45,605 R47,354 R49,387 50,462
 Motorcycle f 60 204 191 205 196 198 202 205
Average fuel consumption per vehicle (gallons)                 
 Passenger car and motorcycle 668 737 551 506 R492 516 R585 R591 597
 Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 866 854 738 R777 694 R685 703 707
 Motorcycle f 21 36 45 55 50 R51 53 53
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed                 
  Passenger car and motorcycle 14.3 13.5 16.0 20.3 R22.2 21.2 R21.4 21.6 21.5
  Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle e 10.0 12.2 16.1 R15.1 17.3 R17.3 17.2 17.1
  Motorcycle f 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Safety                 
Number of occupants andnonoccupant fatalities                 
 Passenger car N N o27,449 o24,092 o21,997 o22,423 o22,505 o22,199 21,194
 Motorcycle 790 2,280 5,144 3,244 2,320 2,227 2,161 2,116 2,294
 Bicycled 490 760 965 859 802 833 765 814 760
 Pedestriand 7,210 8,950 8,070 6,482 5,489 5,584 5,449 5,321 5,228
Occupant fatality rates                 
Per 100 million vehicle-miles                 
 Passenger car 4.7 3.8 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 R1.5 1.4
 Motorcycle N 76.5 50.4 33.9 22.7 22.7 21.8 R21.0 22.3
Per 10,000 registered vehicles                 
  Passenger car 5.1 3.9 2.6 R1.8 R1.6 R1.7 R1.7 R1.8 1.7
  Motorcycle R13.8 8.1 9.0 7.6 R6.2 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.9
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)                 
Per 100 million vehicle-miles                 
  Passenger car N 5.6 3.5 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
  Motorcycle N 22.9 50.9 34.3 22.8 23.1 21.9 21.4 22.7
Per 10,000 registered vehicles                 
  Passenger car N 5.6 3.7 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
  Motorcycle N 8.2 9.1 7.7 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.6 6.0

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised.

NOTES
aFigures obtained by addition/subtraction and may not appear directly in data source. 
bUrban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population. 
cIn July 1997, the USDOT, Federal Highway Administration published revised passenger-miles data for the highway modes for many years. The major change reflected the reassignment of some vehicles from the passenger car category to the other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle category.
dInvolvement only with motor vehicle.
eIncluded in single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck category.
fIncluded in passenger car and motorcycle.
gU.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Annual Only" NIPA Table 2.4 available at http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn1.htm as of Aug 17, 2000
hU.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995,FHWA-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table MV-202.
iIbid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MV-2.
jIbid., Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-97-009 Washigton, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.
kIbid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
lIbid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table DL-22.
mIbid., internet site http://stats.bls.gov/sahome.html, as of Aug. 17, 2000, codes 414120 Taxicabs, 605500 Automotive Dealers and Service Stations,  525010 Motor Vehicle Parts, and Supplies and 807500 Auto Repair, Services and Parking."
nU.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009(Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201.
oU.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Traffic Safety Facts 1998 (Washington, DC: October 1998), tables 3, 4, 7, and 10.

SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.