Oil Pipeline Profile

Oil Pipeline Profile

Excel | CSV

Financial  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Operating revenues ($ millions)                 
FERC-regulated  770c 1,188c 6,340c R7,045c 6,950c R6,962c 7,262c R7,264c 7,300c
Nonregulated  125 208 1,208 1,342 1,323 R1,316 1,373 R1,343 1,356
Total Inventory 895 1,396 7,548 R8,387 8,273 R8,278 8,635 R8,607 8,656
Number of FERC-regulated companies  87d 101d 130d 150d 158d 161d 160d U U
Number of employees, pipeline companiesa   23,100e 17,600e 21,300e 18,500f 17,100f R15,100g 14,500g R14,200g 13,800g
Miles of pipeline (statute miles)b                 
Crude lines  141,085h 146,275h 129,831h 118,805h 114,000h R129,423h R92,610h 91,523h 87,663h
Product lines  49,859 72,396 88,562 89,947 86,500 R92,177 R84,925 88,350 90,985
All lines  190,944 218,671 218,393 208,752 200,500 221,600 177,535 179,873 178,648
Performance                 
Intercity ton-miles (millions)                 
Crude oil  N N 362,600i 334,800i 322,600i 335,900i 338,300i R337,400I 334,100I
Petroleum products  N N 225,600 249,300 268,800 265,200 280,900 R279,100 285,700
Total  229,000i 431,000i 588,200 584,100 591,400 601,100 619,200 R616,500 619,800
Tons transported (millions)  468.4 790.3 960.8 1,057.4 R1099 R1,124.8 1,099.0 R1183.8 1,211.8
Average length of haul (statute miles)                 
Crude oil  325j 300j 871j 805j 756j R747j R779j 713 689
Petroleum products  269 357 414 389 400 R393 R393 393 393
Safety                 
Fatalities  N 4k 4k 3k 1k 3k 5k 0k 2k
Injuried Persons  N 21 15 7 1,858 11 13 5 6
Incidents  N 351 246 180 R243 188 R193 R171 153

aIncludes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum, petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.
bRegulated plus unregulated mileage of crude oil trunk and gathering lines, plus refined oil trunk lines.
KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not exist; R = revised;
U = data are not available.
NOTE: The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.: The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.
SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
cEno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 40.
dFederal Energy Regulatory Commission, personal communication.
eU.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-94 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 46.
fIbid., Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: July 1996), SIC 46.
gIbid., Internet website www.bls.gov, as of Apr. 19, 1999.
hEno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 64; and Transportation in America, Supplement, 1999, (Washington, DC: 1999), p. xii.iIbid., pp. 44, 59,46.
jIbid., p. 71.
kU.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, DPS-35, personal communication, and Internet website http://ops.dot.gov, as of Mar. 18, 1999.