Rail Profile

Rail Profile

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Financial  1960 1970a 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Class Ib                 
 Operating revenues ($ millions)                 
Passenger 640f 421f 446f 94f 88f 89f 59f 60f 61f
Freight 8,025 10,922 26,350 27,471 29,931 31,356 31,889 32,322 32,247
Other 849 649 1,462 805 790 835 745 736 843
Total 9,514 11,992 28,258 28,370 30,809 R32,279 32,693 33,118 33,151
 Operating expenses ($ millions)c   8,775 11,478 26,355 24,652 25,511 27,897 26, 331 27,291 27,916
Amtrak                 
 Total revenue ($ millions)  N 162 429 1,308h 1,413 1,497h 1,555h 1,674h 2,285h
 Total expenses ($ millions)  N 301 1,103 2,012 r2246 2,305 2,318 2,436 2,638
Inventory                 
Class Ib                 
 Number of vehicles                 
Class I freight cars 1,658,292 1,423,921f 1,168,114f 658,902f 590,930f 583,486f 570,865f 568,493f 575,604f
Other nonclass I freight cars 307,194 360,260 542,713 553,359 601,482 635,441 669,708 701,926 740,063
Freight cars, total 1,965,486 1,784,181 1,710,827 1,212,261 1,192,412 1,218,927 1,240,573 1,270,419 1,315,667
Locomotives 29,031 27,077 28,094 18,835 18,505 18,812 19,269 19,684 20,261
 Number of companies  106 71 38 14 12 11 10 9 9
 Number of employees  780,494 566,282 458,994 216,424 189,962 188,215 181,809 177,981 178,222
 Miles of road owned  207,334 196,479 164,822 119,758 109,332 108,264 105,779 102,128 100,570
Amtrak                 
 Number of vehicles                   
Passenger                  
Train-cars N 1,569g 2,128g 1,863h r1,852 1,722h 1,730h 1,728h 1,962h
Locomotives N 185 419 318 r338 313 299 332 345
 Number of employees  N 1,500j 21,416j 24,000j 25,049 23,646 23,278g 23,555g 24,528f
 System route mileage  N N 24,000k 24,000k 25,000 24,000 25,000h 25,000h 22,000h
Performance                 
Class Ib                 
 Car mileage, freight (thousands)   28,170,000f 29,890,000f 29,277,000f 26,159,000f 28,485,000f 30,383,000f 31,715,000f 31,660,000f 32,657,000f
 Train mileage, freight (thousands)  404,464 427,065 428,498 379,582 440,896 458,271 468,792 474,954 474,947
Locomotive mileage (thousands)                 
Freight 421,900l 1,278,200l 1,319,010l 1,144,559l 1,261,482l 1,293,851l 1,311,351l 1,281,768l 1,285,706l
Train and yard switching N N 212,040 135,806 143,224 150,840 153,798 141,461 153,997
Total N N 1,531,050 1,280,365 1,404,706 1,444,691 1,465,149 1,423,229 1,439,703
 Revenue ton-miles of freight (millions)  572,309f 764,809f 918,958f 1,033,969f 1,200,701f 1,305,688f 1,355,975f 1,348,926f 1,376,802f
 Average length of haul, freight (miles)  461 515 616 726 817 843 842 851 835
 Fuel consumed in freight service (million gallons)  3,463 3,545 3,904 3,115 3,334 3,480 3,579 3,575 3,583
Average miles traveled per vehicle                 
  Locomotive  N N 54,497 67,978 75,925 76,796 76,037 72,304 71,058
  Car  14,332 16,753 17,113 21,579 23,889 24,926 25,565 24,921 24,822
Average miles traveled per gallon                 
  Train  0.12 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
  Car  8.13 8.43 7.50 8.40 8.54 8.73 8.86 8.86 9.11
Amtrak                 
 Passenger train car-miles (millions)  N 213m 235m 301m 304 292p 276p 288p 312p
 Passenger train-miles (millions)  N 26 30 33 r34 32 30 32 33
 Passenger locomotive-miles (millions)  N N 41 49 51 48 U U U
 Revenue passengers carried (millions)  N 17 21 22 21 21 20 20 21
 Revenue passenger-miles (millions)  N 3,039 4,503 6,057h 5,921h 5,545h 5,050h 5,166h 5,304h
 Average passenger fare (dollars)  N 8.3 17.7 38.5 38.2 39.0 42.5 44.3 44.0
 Average passenger revenue/passenger-mile (cents)  N 4.5 8.2 14.1 13.7 14.6 16.6 17.3 17.5
 Average passenger trip length (miles)  N 182.6 217.0 273.0 271.1 267.6 256.9 255.8 251.5
Locomotive fuel consumed                 
  Diesel (million gallons)  N N 64 82 U 66 71q 75q 75q
  Electric kWh (millions)  N N 254 330 U 304 293 282 275
Safetyd,o                 
Number of fatalities, railroads and grade crossings                 
  Passenger on trains  34 10 4 3 5 0 12 6 4
  Employees on duty  215 179 97 40 31 34 33 37 27
  Employees not on duty  N N 4 0 0 2 0 0 2
  Trespassers  637 607 566 700 682 660 620 646 644
  Non-trespassers  1,459 1,535 R746 R554 505 443 365 363 326
  Contractor employees  N N 7 3 3 7 9 11 5
Railroad and grade crossing, total 2,345 2,225 1,417 1,297 1,226 1,146 1,039 1,063 1,008
Grade crossing only 1,421 1,440 R772 698 615 579 488 461 431
Railroad onlye 924 785 R645 599 611 567 551 602 577

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available
aAmtrak data in this column are for 1972, Amtrak's first full year of operation.
bExcluding Amtrak and all non-Class I railroads, except for Section IV.
cOperating expenses include equipment, joint facility rents, leased roads and equipment, and all taxes except Federal income.
dSafety figures from U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration are for all railroads.
eFigures may not appear directly in data source.
NOTE: Amtrak figures are based on Amtrak fiscal year (October 1-September 30).
SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
fAssociation of American Railroads (AAR), Railroad Facts,Annual issues, 1990-1998, pp. 3, 10, 12, 13, 14, 33, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 50, 56, 78.
gAmtrak, National Railroad Passenger Corporation Annual Report,1972, 1980, 1990, 1993-95.
hIbid., Statistical Appendix to Amtrak Annual Report, annual issues.
iIbid., Human Resources Information Center, personal communication.
jIbid., Public Affairs, personal communication.
kIbid., Route Miles by Railroad, Corp. Planning & Development.
lAssociation of American Railroads (AAR), Analysis of Class 1 Railroads, annual issues.
mAmtrak, Train Information System Reports.
nIbid., Train Earnings Reports.
o1960-80: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Systems Support Division, RRS-22, personal communication. 1990-96: Ibid., Accident/Incident Bulletin,annual issues, tables 7 and 9. 1997-98: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics, Annual Report 1997, table 1-3.
pAmtrak Corporate Reporting, Route Profitability System, Washington D.C., personal communication, June 1999.
qAmtrak General Acounting, Pennsylvania, personal communication, June 1999.