Table A. Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Table A. Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Total U.S. resident populationa (thousands)227,255 237,924 R248,791 R262,803 R265,229 R267,784 R270,248 272,691
Ageb (thousands)               
Under 18 63,754 62,623 R63,949 R68,555 R69,109 R69,603 R69,903 70,199
18-24 years 30,022 28,902 R26,961 R25,112 R24,843 R24,980 R25,476 26,011
25-34 37,082 41,696 R43,174 R40,730 R40,246 R39,559 R38,743 37,936
35-44 25,634 31,691 R37,444 R42,555 R43,365 R44,014 R44,498 44,813
45-54 22,800 22,460 R25,062 R31,100 R32,358 R33,625 R34,575 35,802
55-64 21,703 22,135 R21,116 R21,132 R21,353 R21,816 R22,666 23,389
65 and over 25,550 28,415 R31,083 R33,619 R33,957 R34,185 R34,385 34,540
Sexc (thousands)               
Male 110,053 116,160 R121,284 R128,294 R129,504 R130,783 R132,030 133,277
Female 116,493 122,576 R127,507 R134,510 R135,724 R137,001 R138,218 139,414
Metropolitan areas (population in millions)d               
Large (over 1 million) 119.0 U R139 147 149 151 153 156
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41.0 U R41 44 44 43 43 43
Small (less than 250,000) 17.0 U R18 19 R19 20 20 20
Rural v. urbane (thousands)                
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U
Regionsf (millions)               
Northeast 49.1 49.9 50.8 51.4 51.6 51.6 R51.7 51.8
South 75.4 81.4 85.5 91.8 93.1 94.2 R95.3 96.5
Midwest 58.9 58.8 59.7 61.8 62.1 62.5 63.0 63.2
West 43.2 47.8 52.8 57.7 58.5 59.4 60.3 61.2
Immigrants admittedg530,639 570,009 1,536,483 720,461 915,900 798,378 660,477 U
Total area (square miles)h3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U
Gross domestic product (chained $ 1996 billions)i4,900.9 5,717.1 6,707.9 7,543.8 7,813.2 8,144.8 8,495.7 8,848.2
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 66.5 97.5 118.3 123.1 130.4 143.1 142.9 U
Manufacturing 832.3 987.9 1,102.3 1,284.7 1,316.0 1,385.0 1448.7 U
Mining 90.6 96.2 105.8 113.0 113.0 119.4 126.4 U
Construction 249.4 270.5 287.5 299.6 316.4 329.3 342.9 U
Transportation 154.0 170.9 180.6 225.1 243.4 256.8 261.6 U
Wholesale/retail trade 621.5 822.7 954.6 1,124.4 1,216.7 1,328.5 1459.7 U
Finance, insurance, real estate 1,003.1 1,125.5 1,250.6 1,393.0 1,436.8 1,510.5 1606.7 U
Services 928.1 1,103.3 1,361.9 1,510.4 1,564.2 1,634.4 1708.1 U
Total civilian labor force (thousands)106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368
Participation rate of men 77.4% 76.3% 76.4% 75.0% 74.9% 75.0% 74.9% 74.7%
Participation rate of women 51.5% 54.5% 57.5% 58.9% 59.3% 59.8% 59.8% 60.0%
Number of households (thousands)80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 U
Average size of households2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 U
Median household income (chained $ 1996)jR$33,722 R$34,439 R$35,945 R$35,082 $35,492 R$36,175 R$37,430 U
Average household expenditures (chained $ 1996)U R$34,253 R$34,070 R$33,217 $33,797 R$34,038 R$34,205 U

a Estimates as of July except 1980 and 1990, which are as of April 1.
b Total population count has been revised since the 1980 census. Numbers by age have not been corrected and may not sum to total.
c 1995 through 1999 data are estimates.
d Defined as Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas, as of July 1, 1994.
e As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban/rural numbers for the decennial census years.
f As of July 1 for all years except 1980 and 1990.
g Fiscal year ending September 30.
h The Census Bureau tabulates area (square miles) data for the decennial census years only. Data for 1990 reflect the inclusion of the Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for prior years included inland water only.
i Estimates for 1980 and 1985 are shown on the basis of the 1972 Standard Industrial Code (SIC); 1990-96 are based on the 1987 SIC.
j Households as of March of following year.

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available

SOURCES:
U.S. resident population: 1980-90: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 2.
1995-99: Ibid., Population Estimates Program, Population Division, Internet website http://www.census.gov/populations/estimates/nation/intfile2-1.txt, as of April 27, 2000.
Age: 1980-90:Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 14.
1995-99: Ibid., Populations Estimates Program, Population Division, Internet website http://www.census.gov/populations/estimates/nation/intfile2-1.txt, as of April 27, 2000.
Sex:1980-90:Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 19.
1995-99: Ibid., Populations Estimates Program, Population Division, Internet website http://www.census.gov/populations/estimates/nation/intfile2-1.txt, as of April 27, 2000.
Metropolitan areas: 1980: Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995 (Washington, DC:1995), table 41.
1990-96:Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1999 (Washington, DC 1999), table 41.
Rural/urban: Ibid., table 46.
Regions: 1980-97: Ibid., table 29
1998-99: Ibid., Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/st-99-1.txt, as of Apr. 27, 2000.
Immigrants: 1980-85: Statistical Abstract of the United States 1990 (Washington, DC: 1990), table 6.
1990-96: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 6.
1997-98: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Policy and Planning, Statistics Branch, Annual Report, Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 1998, No. 2, May 1999, Internet site http://www.ins.usdoj.gov/graphics/aboutins/statistics/index.htm, as of May 1, 2000.
Total area: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC:1998), table 1.
Gross domestic product: 1980-90: Ibid., Survey of Current Business (Washington, DC: November 1997)
1995-97: Ibid., November 1998.
1998: Ibid., September 1999.
1999: Ibid., April 2000.
Industry gross domestic products are expressed as chained 1996 dollars using industry-specific chain-type quantity indices from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Civilian labor force: 1980-85: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 644.
1990-99: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Internet site http://www.bls.gov, specific series data query, as of May 1, 2000.
Participation rates: 1985: U.S. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 639.
1990-99: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Internet site http://www.bls.gov, specific series data queries, as of May 1, 2000.
Number and average size of households: 1980-97: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 69.
1998: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), table 70.
Median household income: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1999 (Washington, DC:1999), table 742. Converted to chained 1996 dollars using the chain-type price index for personal consumption expenditures from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Average household expenditures: Ibid., U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/csxhome.htm. Converted to chained 1996 dollars using the chain-type price index for personal consumption expenditures from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.