Transit Profile

Transit Profile

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Financial 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998P
Passenger operating revenues ($ millions)                 
Passenger fares1,335I 1,639I 2,556I R5,891I 6,756I 6,801I 7,416I R7,546I 7,717I
Motor bus N N N 2,967 3,250 3,287 3,515 R3,558 3,703
Heavy rail N N N 1,741 1,976 2,018 2,322 2,351 2,297
Light rail N N N 83 135 127 144 139 150
Trolley bus N N N 46 55 54 55 57 55
Demand responsive N N N 41 171 146 157 R170 153
Ferry boata N N N 56 41 60 54 R51 69
Commuter rail N N N 952 1,083 1,078 1,146 1,178 1,255
Otherb N N N 26 45 46 24 R42 35
 Other operating revenue 72x 68x 248x 895x 2,271x 2,812x R2,928x R3,308x 2,875x
 Total operating revenues 1,407 1,707 2,805 6,786 9,027 9,613 R10,345 R10,854 10,592
Operating assistancec                 
State and local N N 2,611 8,297 8,026 7,811 8,210 R8,014 7,579
Federal N N 1,093 970 916 817 R596 R647 727
Total operating assistance N N 3,705 9,267 8,941 8,628 8,807 R8,661 8,305
 Total revenues 1,407 1,707 6,510 16,053 17,968 18,241 19,151 R19,515 18,897
Operating expenses ($ millions)                  
Motor bus N N N 8,903j 10,144j 10,321j 10,575j R10,944j 11,048j
Heavy rail N N N 3,825 3,786 3,523 3,402 3,474 3,530
Light rail N N N 237 413 376 442 R473 503
Trolley bus N N N 109 133 139 135 140 147
Demand responsive N N N 518 943 1,000 1,187 R1,285 1,273
Ferry boata N N N 171 200 210 183 R221 267
Commuter rail N N N 1,939 2,228 2,211 2,294 R2,278 2,365
Otherb N N N 41 73 67 124 R122 117
 Total operating expensesd N N 6,247 15,742 17,920 17,849 18,341 R18,936 19,249
 Depreciation and amortization N N 278k 1,593k 2,769k 2,601k 2,885k R3,106k 3,349k
 Other reconciling items N N 186 644 964 1,091 1,034 R1,117 1,116
 Total expenses 1,377 1,996 6,711 17,979 21,653 21,540 22,260 R23,159 23,715
Average passenger revenue per passenger-mile ($)                 
Motor bus N N N 0.14il 0.17il 0.17il 0.18il 0.18il 0.18il
Heavy rail N N N 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.19
Light rail N N N 0.15 0.18 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13
Trolley bus N N N 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.30
Demand responsive N N N 0.10 0.30 0.29 0.24 R0.23 0.15
Ferry boata N N N 0.20 0.14 0.23 0.21 R0.17 0.20
Commuter rail N N N 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.14
Otherb N N N 0.21 0.23 0.17 0.07 R0.11 0.09
 All modes N N N 0.14 0.17 R0.17 0.18 0.18 0.17
Average passenger fare ($)                 
Motor bus N N N 0.52 0.62 0.66 0.70 0.70 0.69
Heavy rail N N N 0.74 0.90 0.99 1.08 0.97 0.96
Light rail N N N 0.47 0.66 0.50 0.55 0.53 0.55
Trolley bus N N N 0.36 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.47 0.47
Demand responsive N N N 0.60 2.04 2.26 2.21 1.83 1.60
Ferry boata N N N 1.11 0.87 1.31 1.12 R0.99 1.32
Commuter rail N N N 2.90 3.19 3.13 3.24 3.30 3.28
Otherb N N N 0.90 1.28 1.57 1.33 0.66 0.62
 All modes 0 0 0 0.67 0.85 0.87 0.93 0.89 0.87
Inventory                 
Number of systems                 
Motor bus 1,236n 1,075n 1,022n 2,685n 2,250n 2,250n 2,250n 2,250n 2,262n
Heavy rail 31 15 11 12 14 14 14 14 14
Light rail ~   9 17 22 22 22 22 23
Trolley bus 19 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Demand responsive N N N 3,193 5,214 5,214 5,214 5,214 5,254
Ferry boata N N 16 27 25 25 25 25 28
Commuter rail N N 18 14 16 16 16 18 18
Otherb N N 5 35 69 69 69 70 72
 Totale 1,286 1,096 1,055 5,078 5,973 5,973 5,973 5,975 6,000
Number of vehicles                 
Motor bus  49,600o 49,700o 59,411o 58,714o 68,123o 67,107o 71,678o R72,770o 74,641o
Heavy rail  9,010 9,286 9,641 10,419 10,138 10,157 10,201 10,242 10,301
Light rail  2,856 1,262 1,013 913 1,054 999 1,140 1,229 1,205
Trolley bus  3,826 1,050 823 832 877 885 871 859 880
Demand responsive  N N N 16,471 28,729 29,352 30,804 R32,509 32,899
Ferry boata N N N 108 110 110 109 R134 124
Commuter rail  N N 4,500 4,415 4,517 4,565 4,665 4,943 4,907
Otherb N N N 1,089 2,395 2,699 2,894 R3,674 4,013
 Total 65,292 61,298 75,388 92,961 115,943 115,874 122,362 R126,360 128,970
Number of employeesf                 
Motor bus  121,300p 101,598p N 162,189p 174,373p 181,973p 190,152p R196,861 193,542
Heavy rail  35,100 36,442 N 46,102 51,062 R45,644 45,793 45,935 45,155
Light rail  N 4,066 5,140 4,935 5,728 R5,940 6,048
Trolley bus  N 1,925 1,848 1,871 2,084 2,037 2,047
Demand responsive  N N N 22,740 35,450 39,882 44,667 R44,029 47,509
Ferry boata N N N 2,813 2,764 2,697 2,830 R3,166 3,433
Commuter rail  N N N 21,443 22,596 22,320 22,604 R21,651 22,399
Otherb N N N 898 854 1,169 1,086 R1,140 1,246
 Total 156,400 138,040 189,300 262,176 294,087 300,491 314,944 R320,759 321,379
Peformance                 
Vehicle-miles (millions)                 
Motor bus  1,576q 1,409q 1,677q 2,130q 2,162q 2,184q 2,221q R2,245q 2,291q
Heavy rail  391 407 385 537 532 537 543 558 566
Light rail  75 34 18 24 34 35 38 41 43
Trolley bus  101 33 13 14 14 14 14 14 14
Demand responsive  N N N   306 464 507 548 R585 698
Ferry boata N N 2 2 2 3 3 R3 2
Commuter rail  N N 179 213 231 238 242 251 265
Otherb N N 13 16 30 33 43 R50 53
 Total 2,143 1,883 2,287 3,242 3,468 3,550 3,650 R3,746 3,932
Unlinked passenger trips (millions)                 
Motor bus  N 5,034r 5,837r 5,677r 4,871r 4,848 4,887r R5,013r 5,387r
Heavy rail  N 1,881 2,108 2,346 2,169 2,033 2,157 2,430 2,393
Light rail  N 124 133 175 284 251 261 R262 275
Trolley bus  N 182 142 126 118 119 117 121 117
Demand responsive  N N -   68 R88 88 93 R99 95
Ferry boata N N 63 50 47 47 48 R51 52
Commuter rail  N N 280 328 339 344 352 357 382
Otherb N N 4 29 33 33 33 R41 45
 Total N 7,332 8,567 8,799 7,949 7,763 7,948 R8,374 8,746
Passenger-miles (millions)                 
Motor bus  N N 21,790y 20,981y 18,832y 18,818y 19,096y R19,604y 20,602y
Heavy rail  N N 10,558 11,475 10,668 10,559 11,530 12,056 12,284
Light rail  N N 381 571 833 860 957 R1,035 1,118
Trolley bus  N N 219 193 187 187 184 189 182
Demand responsive  N N N 431 577 607 656 R754 1,012
Ferry boata N N 286 260 260 256 R294 345
Commuter rail  N N 6,516 7,082 7,996 8,244 8,351 8,038 8,716
Otherb N N 390 124 232 273 348 R369 397
 Total N N 39,854 41,143 39,585 39,808 41,378 R42,339 44,656
Average trip length (miles)                 
Motor bus  N N N N 4s 4s 4s 4s 4s
Heavy rail  N N N N 5 5 5 5 5
Light rail  N N N N 4 3 4 4 4
Trolley bus  N N N N 2 2 2 2 2
Demand responsive  N N N N 7 8 9 10 11
Ferry boata   N N N N 6 6 5 R6 6
Commuter rail  N N N N 24 24 24 23 23
Vanpool  N N N N 32 35 34 33 36
Otherb N N N N 1 1 1 1 1
 All modes N N N N 5 5 5 5 5
Average speed (miles per hour)                 
Motor bus  N N N N 13t 13t 13t 13t 13t
Heavy rail  N N N N 21 21 21 21 21
Light rail  N N N N 14 14 14 16 16
Trolley bus  N N N N 8 8 8 8 8
Demand responsive  N N N N 14 15 15 15 17
Ferry boata N N N N 8 6 7 R7 8
Commuter rail  N N N N 34 34 33 34 32
Vanpool  N N N N 33 35 37 36 37
Otherb   N N N N 6 6 7 7 7
 All modes N N N N 15 15 15 15 15
Energy consumption, diesel (million gallons)                 
Motor bus  N N N 563u 565u 564u 578u R598 554
Heavy rail  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Light rail  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Trolley bus  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Demand responsive  N N N 15 30 29 31 R32 44
Ferry boata N N N 20 21 22 22 24 24
Commuter rail  N N N 53 62 63 62 R63 78
Otherb N N N R<1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 <1
 Total 208u 271u 431u 651 678 678 693 R717 700
Energy Ccnsumption (million gallons)                 
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsg 192v 68v 11v 33v 60v 61v 61v R59v 50v
Compressed natural gas  U U U U 5 11 15 R24 31
 Total 192 69 11 34 65 71 76 R83 81
Energy consumption (million kWh)                 
Motor bus  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Heavy rail  N N N 3,284w 3,431w 3,401w 3,332w 3,253w 3,280w
Light rail  N N N 239 282 288 321 R361 383
Trolley bus  N N N 69 103 100 69 78 74
Demand responsive  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Ferry boata NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Commuter rail  N N N 1,226 1,244 1,253 1,255 R1,270 1,480
Otherb   N N N 19 21 26 30 R26 33
 Total 2,908w 2,561w 2,446w 4,837 5,081 5,068 5,007 R4,988 5,250
Safetyh                 
Fatalities, all modes  N N N 339 320 274 264 275 286
Injured persons, all modes  N N N 54,556 58,193 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990
Incidents, all modes  N N N 90,163 70,693 62,471 59,392 R61,561 60,094

KEY: ~ = included in heavy rail figure; + = included in motor bus figure; N = data do not exist; NA = not applicable; P = preliminary; R = revised.
aExcludes international, rural, rural interstate, island and urban park ferries.
bIncludes cable car, inclined plane, aerial tramway, monorail, vanpool, and automated guideway.
cBeginning in 1992, local operating assistance and other revenue declined by about $500 million due to change in accounting procedures at the New York City Transit Authority. Beginning in 1992, total operating expense declined by about $400 million due to a change in accounting procedures at the New York City Transit Authority.
dIncluded in other.
eThe total figure represents the number of transit agencies. It is not the sum of all modes since many agencies oeprate more than one mode.
fBased on employee equivalents of 2,080 hours equals one employee; beginning in 1993, based on number of actual employees.
gLiquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, propane, and other nondeisel fuels, except compressed natural gas.
SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
hU.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration.Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS), (Washington, DC: Annual reports).
iAmerican Public Transit Association, 2000 Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: 2000), tables 21, 22,D2 and similar tables for prior years.
jIbid., 2000 edition table25, and similar tables in earlier years.
kIbid., 2000 edition table24, and similar tables in earlier years.
lIbid., 2000 edition table18, and similar tables in earlier years.
mIbid., 2000 edition table20, and similar tables in earlier years.
nIbid., 2000 edition table1, and similar tables in earlier years.
oIbid., 2000 edition table46, and similar tables in earlier years.
pIbid., 2000 edition table62, and similar tables in earlier years.
qIbid., 2000 edition table42, and similar tables in earlier years.
rIbid., 2000 edition table26, and similar tables in earlier years.
sIbid., 2000 edition table39, and similar tables in earlier years.
tIbid., 2000 edition table44, and similar tables in earlier years.
uIbid., 2000 edition table65, and similar tables in earlier years.
vIbid., 2000 edition table66, and similar tables in earlier years.
wIbid., 2000 edition table67, and similar tables in earlier years.
xIbid., 2000 edition table17, and similar tables in earlier years.
yIbid., 2000 edition table30, and similar tables in earlier years.