Water Transport Profile

Water Transport Profile

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Financial 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Operating revenues ($ millions)                 
Domestic freight  1,722i 2,070i 7,219i 7,940i 7,745i 7,712i 7,684i R6,901i 6,886i
Coastal waterways 747 834 3,155 3,066 2,929 2,774 2,782 R2,169i 2,115i
  Inland waterways 461 621 2,395 2,956 2,868 2,964 3,044 R2,860 2,801
  Great lakes 227 239 513 615 577 585 579 R615 612
  Locks, channels 287 376 1,156 1,303 1,371 1,389 1,279 1,257 1,358
International freighth   1,765 3,187 8,279 12,181 13,405 R14,069 17,281 R14,091 15,679
Passenger, total  281 287 304 R1,386 R1,539 R1,709 R1,800 R1,180 1,147
  Domestic passenger, intercity 14 12 21 R99u R120u R129u R141u R141u 147u
International passengera 267 275 283 1,287i 1,419i 1,580i 1,659i R1,039i 1,000i
Revenues of U.S. commercial fishing                 
  Fleet (domestic landings) ($ millions)354j 613j 2,237j 3,522j 3,809j 3,770j 3,487j R3,448j 3,128j
Inventory                 
Number of domestic inland                 
Vessel operatorsb228k 380k 403k 565k 555k 557k 554k U U
Number of employees                 
 Ships, boat building, and repairing 141,200l 171,800l 220,500l 187,700m 158,200m 159,600n 158,800n R158,300n 165,900n
 Water transportationc N 212,300 211,200 176,600 172,400 174,500 174,100 R178,700 180,000
Number of employeesd                 
 Passenger/combo 8,560o 2,178o 618o 642o 642o 642o 321o 321o 321o
 Cargo 28,668 22,257 9,878 7,019 6,056 5,400 4,964 4,831 4,924
 Tankers 12,053 10,567 8,722 4,471 4,626 4,261 3,965 3,785 3,711
Total 49,281 35,000 19,218 12,132 11,324 10,303 9,250 8,937 8,956
Mileage of commercially
Navigable channels
25,000i 26,000i 26,000i 26,000i 26,000i 26,000i 26,000i R26,000i 26,000i
Number of vessels                 
Total nonself-propelled  16,777p 19,377p 31,662p 31,209p 30,730p 31,360p 32,811p 33,011p 33,509p
  Dry cargo barges and scows 14,025 15,890 27,426 27,091 26,723 27,342 28,743 29,006 29,526
  Tankers 2,429 3,281 4,166 3,913 3,966 3,985 4,036 3,971 3,952
  Railroad car floats 323 206 70 13 34 33 32 34 31
Total self-propelled  6,543 6,455 7,126 8,236 8,334 8,281 8,293 8,408 8,523
  Dry cargo/passenger 1,796 1,761 2,036 2,678 2,785 2,804 2,782 2,905 2,938
  Ferries, railroad car 31 17 67 135 175 172 173 183 213
  Tankers 489 421 330 213 195 178 161 147 135
  Towboats/tugs 4,203 4,248 4,693 5,210 5,179 5,127 5,177 5,173 5,237
U.S. merchant marine ships(over 1,000 gross tons)                 
Total U. S. flag2,926q 1,579q 864q 636q 543q 509q 495q 477 470
 Passenger/cargo 309 171 65 10 13 13 15 14 12
 Freighters 2,138 1,076 471 367 308 295 292 288 289
 Bulk carriers 57 38 20 26 22 20 15 14 15
 Tankers 422 294 308 233 200 181 173 161 154
 Privately owned 1,008 U 578 408 354 319 302 285 281
 Government owned 1,918 U 286 228 189 190 193 192 189
Number of recreational boats (thousands)e2,500r 7,400r R8,905r R10,996r R11,430r R11,735r R11,878r 12,313r 12,567r
Performance                 
Ton-miles (thousands)f                 
 Domestic water freight                 
Coastwise  N 359,784,000s 631,149,247s 479,133,600s 457,600,661s 440,345,100s 408,086,100s 349,843,000s 314,863,900s
Internal  N 155,816,000 227,342,991 292,393,300 297,762,360 306,329,100 296,790,600 R294,023,000 294,896,400
Lakewise  N 79,416,000 61,747,114 60,929,900 58,263,444 R59,703,800 58,335,300 R62,165,900 61,654,300
Intraport  N 1,179,000 1,596,412 1,087,000 1,292,733 1,349,600 1,474,500 1,378,100 1,380,700
 Total N 596,195,000 921,835,764 853,543,800 814,919,198 748,023,800 764,686,500 R707,409,900 672,795,000
Tons of freight hauled (thousands)                 
 Domestic                  
Coastwise  209,197 238,440 329,609 298,637 277,029 266,612 267,389 R263,146 249,633
Internal  291,057 472,123 534,979 622,595 618,409 620,324 622,081 R630,558 625,028
Lakewise  155,109 157,059 115,124 110,159 114,777 116,127 114,870 R122,734 122,156
IntraportR   104,193 81,475 94,184 86,378 82,870 83,104 89,011 R89,816 90,077
Intraterritory  1,017 1,630 3,588 4,529 5,926 6,868 7,327 R6,273 7,217
 Total 760,573 950,727 1,077,483 1,122,299 1,099,011 1,093,035 1,100,679 R1,112,527 1,094,112
 Exports                  
Great lakes ports  23,150 35,932 45,077 32,898 27,108 32,968 31,855 33,209 36,876
Coastal ports  104,810 205,698 358,806 408,688 369,138 441,732 418,940 399,104 367,831
 Total 127,961 241,629 403,883 441,586 369,246 474,700 450,794 432,313 404,708
 Imports                  
Great lakes ports  12,851 26,406 15,515 17,578 23,028 18,897 24,503 24,532 25,558
Coastal ports  198,466 312,934 502,006 582,412 696,469 653,760 708,090 763,771 815,122
 Total 211,316 339,340 517,521 599,970 719,497 672,657 732,593 788,303 840,680
Average haul, domesticsystem (miles)f                 
 Coastwise 1,496 1,509 1,915 1,604 1,652 1,652 1,526 1,330 1,261
 Internal 282 330 405 R470 482 494 477 466 472
 Lakewise 522 506 536 553 508 514 508 507 505
Cargo capacity (short tons)                 
 Total nonself-propelled vessels 16,355,657p 24,026,024p 44,875,116p R48,946,785p 49,708,960p 51,140,530p 54,086,973p 54,974,961p 55,999,952p
Dry cargo barges   12,147,006 17,695,275 34,486,851 R38,189,490 38,643,518 39,971,443 42,748,644 43,710,093 44,718,691
Tankers  4,208,651 6,330,749 10,388,265 R10,757,295 11,065,442 11,169,087 11,338,329 11,264,868 11,281,261
 Total self-propelled vessels 15,905,881 19,284,050 23,906,346 19,723,788 16,867,458 15,783,399 14,850,253 14,161,739 12,970,167
Dry cargo/passenger  12,188,956 10,815,977 8,011,587 7,042,263 7,118,193 6,484,707 6,208,011 6,685,719 6,371,425
Tankers  3,716,925 8,468,073 15,894,753 12,681,525 9,749,265 9,298,692 8,642,242 7,476,020 6,598,742
Fuel consumption (thousand barrels)                 
 Diesel fuel and distillate 18,730i 19,503i 35,201i 52,310i 48,260i 47,098i 51,848i 50,180i 50,609i
 Residual fuel oil 94,084 89,850 213,131 148,764 141,544 153,125 138,213 114,044 110,480
 Gasoline 9,200 14,238 25,048 30,962 20,850 25,250 23,659 R23,659 22,767
Total  122,014 123,591 273,380 232,036 210,654 225,473 213,720 R187,883 183,856
Safety                 
Fatalities in waterborne transport (vessel casualties only)                 
 Freight N 30t 8t 0t 0t 0t 0t 2t 0t
 Tankship N 4 4 5 3 0 0 0 0
 Passenger vessel N 1 5 3 4 4 2 1 3
 Tug/towboat N 22 14 13 1 1 1 4 1
 Offshore supply N N N 2 1 2 2 0 3
 Fishing vessel N 77 60 47 38 18 38 22 35
 Recreational vessel N N N 3 12 20 3 7 5
 MODUg N N N 0 1 0 0 4 0
 Platform N N N 1 2 0 1 0 1
 Freight barge N N N 0 0 0 0 5 2
 Tank barge N N 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Miscellaneous N 44 56 11 7 1 3 1 9
Total  N 178 206 85 69 46 50 46 59
Injuries in waterborne transport                 
 Freight N 14 8 10 6 1 0 3 4
 Tankship N 19 9 13 10 5 5 1 0
 Passenger vessel N 10 10 51 39 50 60 37 29
 Tug/towboat N 10 27 19 17 18 12 20 15
 Offshore supply N N N 9 3 10 7 3 5
 Fishing Vessel N 13 28 31 51 32 32 25 33
 Recreational vessel N N N 2 16 19 7 5 6
 MODUg N N N 13 0 0 0 2 0
 Platform N N N 9 3 1 0 0 1
 Freight barge N N N 3 0 0 0 6 1
 Tank barge N N 3 3 3 1 0 0
 Miscellaneous N 39 98 12 31 6 5 7 13
Total  N 105 180 175 179 145 129 109 107
Fatalities in recreational boating (vessel casualties only)                 
 Air thrust N N N N N 4r 1r 6r 11r
 Propeller N N N N N 475 363 R436 462
 Inboard N 119r 100r 50r 36r N N N N
 Outboard N 774 609 454 341 N N N N
 Inboard/outboard N 28 47 53 49 N N N N
 Jet N N 10 25 58 68 61 83 82
 Sail N 44 43 20 13 4 8 15 5
 Manual (oars, paddle) N 205 272 182 140 148 109 150 151
 Other N 29 14 5 12 8 8 10 0
 Propulsion unknown N 219 265 76 135 122 159 121 104
Total  739r 1,418 1,360 865 784 829 709 821 815

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.
aRevenues paid by American travelers to U.S. and foreign flag carriers.
bDoes not include vessel operators whose primary area of operation is fishing, towing, passenger transport, ferrying, or crew boat utility service.
cIncludes commercial port, marina, and other employees; excludes employees of non-for-hire private businesses.
dEstimate based on established active jobs for licensed and unlicensed personnel aboard oceangoing ships of 1,000 gross-tons and over, privately owned and operated, government-owned ships under bare boat charters, ship managers and General Agency Agreement, supplemented by Military Sealift Command employment totals for ships with Civil Service crews.
eThe U.S. Coast Guard changed its methodology for counting the number of recreational boats.Figures cited represent number of numbered boats, not estimates as previously noted for 1960 and 1970.
fDoes not include intraterritorial traffic (traffic between ports in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, which are considered a single unit).

gMobile Offshore Drilling Units.
hThe international water freight operating revenues data was revised in Transportation in America 1998 for all years expect 1994 & 1996. Therefore, the international water frieght data for years 1994 & 1996 may not be comparable to other years.
SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
iEno Transportation Foundation Inc., Transportation in America,1999 (Washington, DC: 2000), pp. 40, 42, 57, 64.
jU.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, Fisheries of the United States (Washington, DC: Annual issues), p. 5 and similar tables in earlier editions.
kU.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, MAR-450, personal communication.
lU.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994, (Washington, DC: September 1994), SICs 373 and 44.
mIbid., Employment, Hours and Earnings, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: August 1996), SICs 373 and 44.
nIbid., Internet website www.bls.gov, as of April 21, 2000.
oU.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S. Merchant Marine Data Sheet (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
pU.S. Army, Corps of Engineers, Summary of U.S. Flag Passenger & Cargo Vessels (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues).
qU.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Merchant Fleets of the World (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
rU.S. Coast Guard, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
sU.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues), part 5, section 1, table 1 & table 4.
tU.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, G-MAO-2, personal communication.
uU.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Selected NIPA Tables, table 2.4, Internet website http://www.bea.doc.gov, as of August 21, 2000.