Table 1-8: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline Mileage

Table 1-8: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline Mileage

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Oil pipeline                               
Crude linesa 141,085 149,424 146,275 145,679 129,831 117,812 118,805 115,860 110,651 107,246 103,277 R97,029 92,610 91,523 87,663 86,369
Product lines 49,859 61,443 72,396 80,210 88,562 95,793 89,947 87,968 85,894 86,734 87,073 R84,883 84,925 88,350 90,985 91,094
Total 190,944 210,867 218,671 225,889 218,393 213,605 208,752 203,828 196,545 193,980 190,350 R181,912 177,535 179,873 178,648 177,463
Gas pipelineb                               
Distribution mains 391,400 494,500 594,800 648,200 701,800 753,400 837,300 857,500 883,200 908,300 919,300 936,800 959,500 957,100 R999,000 1,045,919
Transmission pipelinesc 183,700 211,300 252,200 262,600 266,500 271,200 280,100 281,600 284,500 269,600 268,300 263,900 259,300 251,100 R255,800 263,347
Field and gathering lines 55,800 61,700 66,300 68,500 83,500 94,300 89,500 86,300 86,200 73,100 70,400 60,400 57,500 43,000 R40,200 36,115
Total 630,950 767,520 913,267 979,263 1,051,774 1,118,875 1,206,894 1,225,358 1,253,924 1,251,095 1,257,971 1,261,100 1,276,315 1,251,200 R1,295,000 1,345,381

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Includes trunk and gathering lines.

b Excludes service pipe. Data are not adjusted to common diameter equivalent. Mileage as of the end of each year.

c After 1975, includes 5,000-6,200 miles of underground storage pipe.

NOTE: For gas pipeline data from 1960-1998, numbers may not add to totals due to rounding because the source provides exact numbers for totals, but rounded mileage for subtotals. Exact subtotals were available for 1999.

SOURCES:

Oil pipeline:

1960-99: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 44.

Gas pipeline:

1960-97,1999: American Gas Association, Gas Facts (Arlington, VA: Annual issues), tables 5-1 and 5-3, and similar tables in earlier editions.

1998: Ibid., personal communications as of Dec. 19, 2001.