Table 1-42M: Average Length of Haul, Domestic Freight and Passenger Modes

Table 1-42M: Average Length of Haul, Domestic Freight and Passenger Modes

(Kilometers)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Freight                                
Air carrier 1,534 1,518 1,632 1,741 1,693 1,862 2,235 2,166 2,239 R2,168 R1,965 R1,867 R1,901 R1,733 R1,735 1,611
Trucka 438 417 423 460 584 589 629 641 660 655 631 669 686 700 R711 737
Class I rail 742 810 829 871 991 1,070 1,168 1,209 1,228 1,278 1,315 1,357 1,355 1,370 1,344 1,344
Water                                
Coastwise 2,408 2,416 2,429 2,192 3,082 3,174 2,581 2,744 2,836 2,655 2,659 2,659 2,456 2,140 2,029 2,058
Lakewise 840 795 814 853 863 843 890 861 835 827 818 827 818 816 813 806
Internal 454 478 531 576 652 700 756 777 771 753 776 795 768 750 760 785
Intraport U U U 26 27 24 21 21 19 19 26 26 27 24 24 24
Oil pipeline                                
Crude 523 515 483 1,019 1,402 1,250 R1,307 R1,323 R1,336 R1,271 R1,252 R1,283 1,254 R1,257 R1,234 1,233
Petroleum products 433 539 575 830 666 629 R623 R610 R610 R653 R666 R647 R665 R665 R676 673
Passenger                                
Air carrier, domestic, scheduled 938 988 1,091 1,123 1,184 1,220 1,292 1,297 1,297 1,286 1,267 1,273 1,291 1,315 R1,307 1,326
Bus, intercity 127 151 171 182 201 195 227 230 219 222 222 225 230 232 232 230
Commuter rail 33 34 36 37 37 38 35 37 37 35 34 39 39 37 R37 37
Amtrakb N N N 380 348 372 439 457 459 452 436 431 414 412 406 399

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Total Class I and Class II motor carriers of freight (less-than-truckload, specialized carrier for truckload, and others).

b Amtrak began operations in 1971. Data are reported for fiscal years.

NOTES: Average length of haul for freight is calculated by dividing tonne-kilometers in the previous table by estimates of tonnage from the various data sources. The calculation of average length of haul for passenger trips varies by mode: for air carrier it is calculated by dividing revenue passenger-kilometers by revenue passenger enplanements; for commuter rail, intercity bus, and Amtrak it is calculated by dividing passenger-kilometers by number of passengers.

Numbers may differ slightly from previous year's metric tables because a higher precision conversion factor was used.

SOURCES:

Freight:

Air carrier, truck:

Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 51.

Class I rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: 2000), p. 36.

Water:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States, Part 5 (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues), section 1, table 1-4

Oil pipeline:

1960-70: Transportation Policy Associates, Washington, DC, personal communication.

1975-99: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 51.

Passenger:

Air carrier:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

Intercity bus and commuter rail:

Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 50.

Amtrak:

1970-85: Amtrak, corporate communication, Jan. 26, 1999.

1990-99: Amtrak, Amtrak Annual Report (Washington, DC: 2000), Statistical Appendix, p. III.