Table 1-62: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

Table 1-62: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

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Population group Urban area Annual congestion cost per capita ($) Annual congestion cost ($ millions)
R1997 Value 1998 Value 1999 Value R1997 Rank 1998 Rank 1999 Rank 1997 Value 1998 Value 1999 Value 1997 Rank 1998 Rank 1999 Rank
Med Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 110 140 180 60 59 58 55 70 90 59 59 58
Med Albuquerque, NM 535 530 575 26 28 26 R300 300 325 R46 46 46
Lrg Atlanta, GA 910 885 915 2 3 3 R2,345 2,475 2,620 R7 8 8
Med Austin, TX 745 740 785 5 6 5 R470 475 510 R30 32 34
Sml Bakersfield, CA 105 105 105 62 62 65 40 40 40 61 62 62
Lrg Baltimore, MD 510 505 530 28 30 32 R1,095 1,085 1,150 R19 20 20
Sml Beaumont, TX 110 105 170 60 62 61 R15 15 25 R65 65 65
Vlg Boston, MA 645 680 715 13 11 12 R1,950 2,045 2,155 R9 9 9
Sml Boulder, CO 90 90 85 64 66 66 10 10 10 66 66 67
Sml Brownsville, TX U 35 65 68 68 68 U 5 10 68 68 67
Lrg Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 80 100 135 65 64 62 R85 105 145 R58 57 56
Med Charlotte, NC 540 545 550 24 27 30 R320 335 345 R43 44 44
Vlg Chicago, IL-Northwestern, IN 510 560 570 28 22 28 R4,055 4,505 4,605 3 3 3
Lrg Cincinnati, OH-KY 490 525 575 30 29 26 R625 670 735 R26 25 26
Lrg Cleveland, OH 310 305 350 47 47 46 R580 575 655 R28 29 28
Sml Colorado Springs, CO 240 270 330 52 52 49 R100 115 145 R55 56 56
Lrg Columbus, OH 465 480 500 33 32 34 R470 490 515 R30 30 33
Sml Corpus Christi, TX 80 95 110 65 65 64 25 30 35 63 63 64
Lrg Dallas, TX 630 675 780 15 13 6 R1,465 1,600 1,865 12 12 11
Lrg Denver, CO 640 695 760 14 9 8 R1,150 1,270 1,415 R18 17 17
Vlg Detroit, MI 665 665 700 9 15 16 R2,675 2,665 2,810 R4 5 5
Med El Paso, TX-NM 150 190 245 58 57 55 90 120 160 R56 55 55
Sml Eugene-Springfield, OR 95 115 180 63 61 58 20 25 40 R64 64 62
Lrg Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach, FL 410 420 500 35 38 34 R595 610 735 R27 27 26
Lrg Fort Worth, TX 385 450 570 39 34 28 R500 610 780 R29 27 25
Med Fresno, CA 220 255 310 54 53 52 120 140 170 54 54 54
Med Hartford-Middletown, CT 285 305 335 48 47 48 R180 195 215 R52 52 52
Med Honolulu, HI 325 330 345 43 43 47 R230 230 240 R50 51 51
Vlg Houston, TX 700 825 850 7 4 4 R2,175 2,575 2,665 R8 7 7
Lrg Indianapolis, IN 750 630 635 4 17 20 R760 635 645 23 26 29
Med Jacksonville, FL 490 475 520 30 33 33 R405 400 440 R37 38 40
Lrg Kansas City, MO-KS 320 325 410 46 45 40 R435 445 570 R34 34 30
Sml Laredo, TX 60 55 85 67 67 66 10 10 15 66 66 66
Lrg Las Vegas, NV 325 330 370 43 43 45 R375 410 465 R39 37 37
Vlg Los Angeles, CA 920 935 1,000 1 1 1 R11,290 11,670 12,570 1 1 1
Med Louisville, KY-IN 530 585 635 27 19 20 R440 485 530 R33 31 31
Med Memphis, TN-AR-MS 405 385 375 37 41 44 R390 375 365 R38 41 43
Lrg Miami-Hialeah, FL 660 680 705 10 11 14 R1,370 1,410 1,485 R15 15 16
Lrg Milwaukee, WI 325 340 380 43 42 43 410 425 480 36 35 36
Lrg Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN 565 605 670 19 18 19 R1,290 1,400 1,565 R16 16 14
Med Nashville, TN 570 575 710 18 21 13 R360 365 455 R40 43 38
Lrg New Orleans, LA 275 285 305 49 51 53 R305 315 335 R45 45 45
Vlg New York, NY-Northeastern, NJ 545 555 595 23 24 24 R8,890 9,095 9,745 2 2 2
Lrg Norfolk, VA 410 405 415 35 40 39 R420 415 430 R35 36 41
Lrg Oklahoma City, OK 235 250 295 53 54 54 235 255 305 49 50 47
Med Omaha, NE-IA 270 295 330 50 50 49 R155 170 195 R53 53 53
Lrg Orlando, FL 650 685 705 12 10 14 R695 745 790 R25 23 24
Vlg Philadelphia, PA-NJ 390 425 435 38 37 38 R1,775 1,940 1,990 10 10 10
Lrg Phoenix, AZ 485 495 540 32 31 31 R1,160 1,230 1,385 17 18 18
Lrg Pittsburgh, PA 195 220 235 56 56 56 R350 395 420 R41 39 42
Lrg Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA 555 550 610 22 25 22 R800 810 910 R22 22 22
Med Providence-Pawtucket, RI-MA 355 435 490 40 36 36 R320 395 445 R43 39 39
Med Rochester, NY 145 120 135 59 60 62 R90 75 85 R56 58 59
Lrg Sacramento, CA 560 550 605 20 25 23 R725 740 830 R24 24 23
Sml Salem, OR 215 235 235 55 55 56 R40 45 45 R61 61 61
Med Salt Lake City, UT 335 315 320 42 46 51 R295 280 285 47 47 49
Lrg San Antonio, TX 270 305 410 50 47 40 R335 375 510 R42 41 34
Lrg San Bernardino-Riverside, CA 605 645 685 17 16 17 R825 905 965 R21 21 21
Lrg San Diego, CA 540 580 675 24 20 18 R1,420 1,560 1,820 R13 13 13
Vlg San Francisco-Oakland, CA 660 700 760 10 8 8 R2,625 2,805 3,055 R5 4 4
Lrg San Jose, CA 620 670 750 16 14 10 R1,005 1,105 1,250 20 19 19
Lrg Seattle-Everett, WA 855 890 930 3 2 2 R1,680 1,760 1,860 11 11 12
Sml Spokane, WA 170 155 180 57 58 58 R55 50 60 R59 60 60
Lrg St. Louis, MO-IL 695 720 745 8 7 11 R1,385 1,435 1,495 R14 14 15
Med Tacoma, WA 430 445 490 34 35 36 R255 265 295 R48 49 48
Med Tampa, FL 560 560 590 20 22 25 R465 475 520 R32 32 32
Med Tucson, AZ 355 410 395 40 39 42 R230 270 265 50 48 50
Vlg Washington, DC-MD-VA 725 755 780 6 5 6 R2,495 2,610 2,730 R6 6 6
68-Area Averagea 560 582 625       1,004 1,058 1,145      
Very Large Area Averagea 646 675 710       4,214 4,434 4,700      
Large Area Averagea 520 538 590       830 875 970      
Medium Area Averagea 396 410 445       272 285 315      
Small Area Averagea 132 142 170       32 35 43      

KEY: R = revised; U = unavailable.

Vlg = Very Large Urban Areas - over 3 million population.

Lrg = Large Urban Areas - over 1 million and less than 3 million population.

Med = Medium Urban Areas - over 500,000 and less than 1 million population.

Sml = Small Urban Areas - less than 500,000 population.

a For the year 1999, data was obtained from table A-9 from the Texas Transportation Instutute's The 2001 Annual Urban Mobility Report referenced below. For other years, the averages were calculated using data obtained from the web site.

NOTES: The cities shown represent the 50 largest metropolitan areas, as well as others chosen by the states sponsoring the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.

The cost of congestion is estimated with a value for each hour of travel time and each gallon of fuel. For a more detailed explanation of the formulas used, see the source document.

The source, for the year 2001, decided to only publish congestion cost per capita, contrary to previous years when the source would publish data for eligible drivers, as well as per capita. To account for this change, the entire table has been updated to reflect the data based on congestion cost per capita.

SOURCE: 1997-99: Texas Transportation Institute, The 2001 Annual Urban Mobility Report (College Station, TX: 2001) obtained from Internet site http://mobility.tamu.edu accessed on Sept. 14, 2001.