Table 2-3: Transportation Accidentsaby Mode

Table 2-3: Transportation Accidentsaby Mode

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
TOTAL accidents U U U U U U 6,517,000 R6,167,000 6,050,000 6,155,000 6,551,000 6,752,000 6,820,000 R6,676,000 6,387,000 6,330,000 U
Air                                  
U.S. air carrierb 90 83 55 37 19 21 24 26 18 23 23 36 R37 49 50 52 57
Commuter carrierc N N N 48 38 18 15 23 23 16 10 12 11 R16 8 13 12
On-demand air taxid N N N 152 171 157 107 88 76 69 85 75 90 82 77 R73 80
General aviatione 4,793 5,196 4,712 3,995 3,590 2,739 R2,241 R2,197 R2,111 R2,063 R2,022 R2,056 R1,908 R1,845 R1,904 R1,906 1,836
Highway                                  
Passenger car N N N N N N 5,561,000 5,178,000 R5,042,000 R5,040,000 R5,401,000 5,594,000 5,599,000 5,423,000 5,146,000 4,916,000 4,926,000
Motorcycle N N N N N N 103,000 105,000 72,000 R75,000 R69,000 66,000 66,000 61,000 54,000 57,000 69,000
Truckf                                  
Light N N N N N N 2,152,000 2,200,000 2,191,000 2,407,000 2,574,000 2,750,000 2,881,000 2,901,000 2,867,000 3,080,000 3,208,000
Large N N N N N N 372,000 319,000 363,000 383,000 445,000 363,000 378,000 421,000 392,000 452,000 438,000
Bus N N N N N N 60,000 56,000 R50,000 51,000 56,000 R59,000 57,000 53,000 53,000 63,000 56,000
Total highway crashesa N N N N N N 6,471,000 6,117,000 6,000,000 6,106,000 6,496,000 6,699,000 6,770,000 6,624,000 6,335,000 6,279,000 6,394,000
Rail                                  
Highway-rail grade crossingg,h 3,195 3,820 3,559 12,076 10,612 6,919 R5,715 R5,388 4,910 4,892 4,979 4,633 4,257 3,865 3,508 3,489 3,502
Railroadg,I N N 8,095 8,041 8,205 3,275 2,879 2,658 2,359 2,611 2,504 2,459 2,443 2,397 2,575 2,768 2,983
Transitj N N N N N N 58,002 46,467 36,380 30,559 29,972 25,683 25,166 24,924 23,937 R23,310 U
Waterborne                                  
Vessel-related N N 2,582 3,310 4,624 3,439 3,613 2,222 R3,238 R3,412 R3,970 R4,298 R4,264 R4,198 R4,374 R4,036 3,791
Recreational boating 2,738 3,752 3,803 6,308 5,513 6,237 6,411 6,573 6,048 6,335 6,906 8,019 8,026 8,047 8,061 R7,931 7,740
Pipeline                                  
Hazarous liquid pipeline N N 351 254 246 183 180 216 212 229 245 188 R194 171 R153 R168 147
Gas pipeline N N 1,077 1,338 1,524 334 198 233 177 216 222 161 187 175 R236 R173 234

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a The U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration uses the term "crash" instead of accident in its highway safety data. Highway crashes often involve more than one motor vehicle, hence "total highway crashes" is smaller than the sum of the components.

b Carriers operating under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135.

e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

f Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based stationwagons, and utility vehicles.

g Includes Amtrak.

h Includes both accidents and incidents. Data not comparable after 1970 due to change in reporting system. Most highway-rail grade crossing accidents are counted under highway.

i Train accidents only.

j Accident figures include collisions with vehicles, objects, and people, derailments/vehicles going off the road. Accident figures do not include fires and personal casualties.

NOTES:

The motor vehicle crash data in this table come from the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Adminstrations' General Estimates System (GES), which began operation in 1988. GES data are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or did not result in property damage. The 1993 National Transportation Statistics (NTS) Historical Compendium and earlier editions used crash figures estimated by the National Safety Council, which used a different set of methods to arrive at its figures. Thus, the crash figures in this edition of NTS may not be comparable with those found in the Compendium and earlier editions.

Numbers may not add to totals because some accidents/crashes are counted in more than one mode. To avoid double counting, the following adjustments have been made in the total accidents row:

most (not all) highway-rail grade-crossing injuries have not been added because most (not all) such accidents involve motor vehicles and, thus, are already included in highway crashes;

for transit, all commuter rail accidents and motor bus, trolley bus, demand responsive, and van pool accidents have been subtracted because they are counted as railroad, highway, or highway-rail grade-crossing accidents.

Note that the reader cannot reproduce the total accidents count in this table by simply leaving out highway-rail grade-crossing accidents in the sum and subtracting the above transit submodes, because in so doing, grade-crossing accidents not involving motor vehicles would be left out (see table 2-35 on rail). An example of such an accident is a bicyclist hit by a train at a grade crossing.

SOURCES:

Air:

Air carrier:

1960: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1967 (Washington, DC: December 1968).

1965-70: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977).

1975: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1983, NTSB/ARC-87/01 (Washington, DC: February 1987), table 18.

1980: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), tables 2 and 16.

1985-2000: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of May 8, 2002, table 5.

Commuter air carrier:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1980, NTSB/ARC-83/01 (Washington, DC: January 1983), tables 26 and 40.

1985-2000: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of May 8, 2002, table 8.

On-demand air taxi:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), table 61.

1985-2000: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of May 8, 2002, table 9.

General aviation:

1960-70: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1970, NTSB/ARG-74/1 (Washington, DC: April 1974), table 117.

1975-80: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1985, NTSB/ARG-87/03 (Washington, DC: October 1987), table 21.

1985-2000: Ibid., Internet site www.ntsb.gov/aviation as of May 8, 2002, table 10.

Highway:

1990-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), table 1, and personal communication, Dec. 18, 2001.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossings:

1960-70: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Policy and Program Development, Rail-Highway Grade-Crossing Accidents (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1975-80: Ibid., Office of Policy and Program Development, personal communication.

1985-90: Ibid., Rail-Highway Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table S.

1991-2000: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2000 (Washington, DC: July 2001), table 1-1.

Railroad:

1970-90: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Policy and Program Development, Accident/Incident Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 4.

1991-2000: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2000 (Washington, DC: July 2001), table 1-1.

Transit:

1990-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Safety Management Information Statistics 1998 (Washington, DC: 2000), pp. 51-54.

Water:

Vessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2000: Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Dec. 12, 2001.

Recreational boating:

1960-2000: Ibid., Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Internet site, http://ops.dot.gov as of June 14, 2002.