Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

Table 2-23: Truck Occupant Safety Data

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Fatalities                            
Light 4,856 7,486 6,689 8,601 8,391 8,098 8,511 8,904 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 R11,265 11,418
Large 961 1,262 977 705 661 585 605 670 648 621 723 742 R759 741
Total 5,817 8,748 7,666 9,306 9,052 8,683 9,116 9,574 10,216 10,553 10,972 11,447 R12,024 12,159
Injured persons                            
Light N N N 505,000 563,000 545,000 601,000 631,000 722,000 761,000 755,000 763,000 847,000 887,000
Large N N N 42,000 28,000 34,000 32,000 30,000 30,000 33,000 31,000 29,000 33,000 31,000
Total N N N 547,000 591,000 579,000 633,000 661,000 752,000 794,000 786,000 792,000 880,000 918,000
Crashes                            
Light N N N 2,152,000 2,200,000 2,191,000 R2,407,000 R2,574,000 R2,750,000 2,881,000 2,901,000 2,867,000 3,080,000 3,208,000
Large N N N 372,000 319,000 363,000 R383,000 R445,000 R363,000 378,000 421,000 392,000 452,000 438,000
Totala,R N N N 2,460,000 2,461,000 2,489,000 2,723,000 2,938,000 3,039,000 3,175,000 3,225,000 3,168,000 3,425,000 3,540,000
Vehicle-miles (billions)                            
Light 204 295 389 556 596 642 675 712 750 787 R825 R862 R903 944
Large 81 108 124 146 150 153 160 170 178 183 191 196 R203 206
Rates per 100 million vehicle-miles                            
Fatalities                            
Light 2.4 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Large 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Injured persons                            
Light N N N 91 94 85 89 89 96 R97 R92 89 94 94
Large N N N 29 19 22 20 18 17 18 16 15 R16 15
Crashes                            
Light N N N 387 369 341 R356 R362 R367 366 352 333 R341 340
Large N N N R254 213 R237 R240 261 R204 207 220 200 R223 213

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised.

a Crashes often involve more than one type of truck (light or large), hence "total truck crashes" is smaller than the sum of the components.

NOTES:

Large trucks-trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks-trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based stationwagons, and utility vehicles. The injury and crash data in this table are from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or that did not result in property damage.

The 1993 National Transportation Statistics (NTS) Historical Compendium and earlier editions illustrated crashes and injury figures estimated by the National Safety Council, which used a different set of methods to arrive at its figures. Thus, the injury and crash figures in this edition of NTS may not be comparable with those found in the Compendium and earlier editions.

USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics rounded vehicle-miles to the nearest billion.

Vehicle-miles in this table and in table 2-19 are taken from NHTSA revised data and are not based exclusively on USDOT, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) data, as they have been in earlier reports. The change was made to reflect the different vehicle classification schemes used by FHWA and NHTSA. Thus, vehicle-miles for passenger cars and light and large trucks in table 2-19 and this table should not be compared with vehicle-miles in Chapter 1, which are taken directly from FHWA.

SOURCES:

Fatalities, injuries, vehicle-miles, fatality and injury rates:

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), tables 8 and 9, and personal communication, Nov. 28, 2001.

Crashes:

Ibid., National Center for Statistics and Analysis,Fatality Analysis Reporting System Database and General Estimates System Database, personal communication, Dec. 18, 2001.

Crash rates:

Calculated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.