Table 2-26 : Number of States with Different Types of Anti-DUI/DWI Legislation in Effect as of January 1 of the Listed Year

Table 2-26 : Number of States with Different Types of Anti-DUI/DWI Legislation in Effect as of January 1 of the Listed Year

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  1986 1990 1992 1994 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
BAC = 0.08 per se lawsa 2 4 5 10 13 13 15 16 c18 c20
BAC level 0.02 or less for persons younger than 21 years 0 0 3 12 c28 c38 c51 c51 c51 c51
Administrative license revocation (ALR) for DUI/DWI offendersb c21 c27 c30 c33 c38 c40 c41 c41 c41 c41

KEY: BAC = blood alcohol concentration; DUI = driving under the influence; DWI = driving while intoxicated.

a Per se law makes it illegal in and of itself to drive with an alcohol concentration measured at or above a certain level.

b States that impose additional thresholds for ALR beyond those imposed for DUI/DWI are not included in these figures.

c Includes the District of Columbia.

NOTE: National Uniform Minimum Drinking Age Act, which standardized the minimum drinking age at 21, was enacted in 1984.

SOURCES:

0.02 BAC and Administrative license revocation:

1986-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Programs, Research and Evaluation Division, personal communications, Apr. 9, 1999 and Oct. 4, 1999.

1999-2000: Ibid. Impaired Driving Division, personal communications, May 22, 2000.

2001: Ibid. Setting Limits, Saving Lives (Washington, DC: April 2001), DOT HS 809-241.

0.08 BAC

1986-2000: Ibid. Presidential Initiative for Making 0.08 BAC the National Legal Limit, A Progress Report, Internet site http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/alcohol/limit.08/08progressreport/index.html as of Aug. 13, 2001.

2001: Ibid. Setting Limits, Saving Lives (Washington, DC: April 2001), DOT HS 809-241.