Table 3-7: Passenger and Freight Transportation Expenditures

Table 3-7: Passenger and Freight Transportation Expenditures

(Current $ millions)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
TOTAL passenger and freight transportation expendituresR 107,461 146,523 195,871 299,221 569,879 780,232 992,946 946,924 1,001,871 1,061,244 1,138,127 1,201,545 1,266,959 1,341,638 1,396,238 1,498,672
Passenger transportation                                
Highway                                
Auto purchases and ownershipa, R 51,610 71,064 94,978 152,238 297,128 426,796 507,308 481,929 514,970 551,558 601,206 631,653 672,416 706,064 722,484 787,407
Local                                
Bus and transitb 1,337 1,454 1,841 4,697 9,297 13,548 R16,721 17,356 R18,012 R18,794 R20,082 R21,647 R21,318 R21,932 R21,445 21,702
Taxi R1,107 1,113 1,740 2,900 2,755 3,770 4,030 4,030 4,030 4,340 4,650 4,960 5,425 5,735 R6,355 6,200
School bus 486 707 1,219 R2,174 3,833 5,722 8,031 7,879 8,060 7,618 7,847 9,889 R9,082 10,353 10,326 10,340
Intercity, bus 559 629 799 1,016 1,709 1,989 1,750 1,875 1,899 1,667 1,410 1,481 R1,497 R1,642 R1,757 1,819
Total highwayR 55,099 74,967 100,577 163,025 314,722 451,825 537,840 513,069 546,971 583,977 635,195 669,630 709,738 745,726 762,367 827,468
Air totalc 3,555 5,682 10,565 18,851 38,135 50,319 R73,045 R72,841 R73,780 R74,123 R76,146 R81,155 R82,331 R93,268 R97,358 101,750
Rail totald 759 598 464 1,212 2,976 3,875 4,521 4,414 4,571 5,278 R4,882 6,693 R5,895 R5,763 R5,691 5,611
Water total (includes international) 281 345 287 294 R310 R601 R1,391 R1,391 R1,469 R1,505 R1,564 R1,716 R1,843 R1,974 R2,029 2,088
Total passenger transportation expendituresR 59,694 81,592 111,893 183,382 356,143 506,620 641,996 591,715 626,791 664,883 717,787 759,193 799,807 846,732 867,445 936,917
Freight transportation expenditures                                
Highway                                
Local, truck 14,289 23,779 28,819 37,287 60,545 82,200 108,350 109,650 116,000 122,050 125,712 128,352 132,973 138,727 144,276 152,067
Intercity                                
Bus 42 70 122 156 235 245 126 131 130 128 128 130 132 134 141 151
Truck 17,958 23,628 33,553 47,400 94,551 123,200 162,300 164,600 176,800 189,700 204,876 219,627 235,440 257,807 282,814 304,563
Total highway 32,289 47,477 62,494 84,843 155,331 205,645 270,776 274,381 292,930 311,878 330,716 348,109 368,545 396,668 427,231 456,781
Air total (domestic and international) 354 708 1,171 1,838 4,013 6,817 13,706 14,353 14,950 15,805 R17,249 R18,755 R20,448 R22,831 R24,222 25,277
Rail total 9,028 9,923 11,869 16,509 27,858 29,150 30,067 30,003 30,473 30,775 33,121 R34,360 35,059 35,349 35,294 35,893
Water total 3,487 3,903 5,257 8,221 15,498 18,448 20,121 20,306 19,895 R20,768 R21,150 R22,709 24,564 R21,031 R22,503 24,494
Oil pipeline total 895 1,051 1,396 2,220 7,548 8,910 R8,506 R8,095 R8,548 R8,470 R8,676 R9,077 R8,637 R8,632 8,579 9,067
Other totale 1,714 1,869 1,791 2,208 3,488 4,642 7,774 8,071 R8,284 R8,639 R9,408 R10,307 R9,950 R10,554 R10,601 10,243
Total freight transportation expendituresR 47,767 64,931 83,978 115,839 213,736 273,612 350,950 355,209 375,080 396,361 420,340 442,352 467,152 494,906 528,793 561,755

KEY: R = revised.

a Includes business expenditures for passenger cars.

b Includes federal/state operating subsidies, and federal capital grants. Beginning in 1994, includes taxes levied directly by transit agencies and local subsidies such as bridge and tunnel tolls, and nontransit parking lot funds.

c Air includes aircraft and operating costs, plus domestic and international air passenger federal excise taxes.

d Data from 1980 include federal/state/local operating subsidies and capital grants.

Figures also include federal operating subsidies and capital grants for Amtrak and the Northeast Corridor.

e Domestic freight forwarder's revenues after payment to live-haul carriers plus other shipper costs such as loading and unloading freight cars.

SOURCE:

Passenger and freight:

1960-99: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2001 (Washington, DC: 2000), pp. 4-11.