Table 3-19: Employment in For-Hire Transportation and Selected Transportation-Related Industriesa

Table 3-19: Employment in For-Hire Transportation and Selected Transportation-Related Industriesa

(Thousands)

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SIC   1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
  Total U.S. labor forceb 54,189 60,763 70,880 76,945 90,406 97,387 109,403 108,249 108,601 110,713 114,163 117,191 119,608 122,690 R125,865 R128,916 131,759
  For-hire transportation industry                                  
45 Air 191 229 352 363 453 522 968 962 964 988 1,023 1,068 1,107 1,134 R1,181 R1,227 1,281
42 Trucking and warehousing 856 964 1,083 1,108 1,280 1,361 1,395 1,378 1,385 1,444 1,526 1,587 1,637 1,677 R1,744 R1,810 1,856
41 Local and interurban passenger transit                                  
413 Intercity and rural bus 41 42 43 40 38 35 26 24 23 22 24 24 24 22 R24 R24 24
411 Local and suburban U U U 69 79 92 141 155 162 176 194 203 218 229 R236 R238 233
415 School busc N N N 65 80 91 111 115 118 122 126 131 132 137 141 R146 147
412 Taxi 121 110 106 85 53 38 32 32 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 R32 32
  Other local and interurband 123 118 131 11 16 22 28 28 28 29 30 31 33 34 R36 R38 41
40 Railroad 885 735 634 548 532 359 279 262 254 248 241 238 231 227 231 R235 236
44 Water N 228 212 194 211 185 177 184 173 168 172 175 174 179 R181 R186 196
46 Liquid pipeline 23 20 18 18 21 19 19 19 19 18 17 15 15 14 14 13 14
492 Natural gas pipelinee                                  
  Distribution N N N 51 52 62 65 63 66 62 62 62 80 75 R71 72 U
  Transmission 31 30 32 37 45 46 37 38 46 34 31 28 32 28 28 32 U
  Integrated N N N 55 53 43 40 40 35 39 39 36 13 12 R12 6 U
  Combination N N N 52 52 53 50 50 50 48 43 42 39 31 R31 28 U
  Noninvestor-owned N N N 11 13 12 12 12 12 11 11 11 16 9 R12 12 U
47 Transportation servicesf N 85 115 134 198 275 336 336 338 352 378 401 418 441 R454 R463 471
  Total for-hire transportation 2,271 R2,560 2,726 2,841 3,175 3,214 3,715 3,697 3,704 3,792 3,948 4,083 R4,199 4,278 R4,427 R4,562 U
37 Equipment manufacturing                                  
372 Aircraft and parts 605 601 644 499 633 616 712 669 612 542 482 451 458 501 R525 R496 465
371 Motor vehicles and equipment 724 843 799 792 789 883 812 789 813 837 909 971 967 986 R995 R1,018 1,013
374 Railroad equipment 43 56 51 57 71 33 33 30 29 31 35 38 36 34 37 R38 36
373 Ship and boat building and repairing 141 160 172 194 221 187 188 177 170 159 158 160 159 158 R167 R167 166
301 Tires and inner tubes 105 102 116 124 115 94 84 81 81 82 79 80 80 78 R80 R79 79
  Otherg 155 193 167 157 167 241 244 225 207 188 177 172 165 167 168 R168 169
  Total SIC 37 and SIC 301 1,773 1,955 1,949 1,824 1,995 2,054 2,073 1,971 1,911 1,838 1,840 R1,870 1,864 1,923 R1,973 R1,967 1,928
  Related industries                                  
553 Automotive and home supply stores U U U 212 261 304 337 332 332 340 357 369 380 392 R397 R404 407
75 Automotive repair, services, and parking U U U 439 571 730 914 882 881 925 968 1,020 1,080 1,120 R1,145 R1,196 1,248
554 Gasoline service stations 461 522 613 622 561 588 647 626 616 617 634 649 669 676 R680 R660 653
161 Highway and street construction U U U U U 264 239 218 215 222 226 228 236 243 R257 R280 280
501 Motor vehicles, parts, and supplies U U U 382 434 454 456 448 446 451 471 492 503 513 R517 R524 523
551 New and used car dealers U U U 731 745 856 924 879 875 908 963 996 1,031 1,046 R1,047 R1,080 1,114
  Other automotive retailh N N N 112 122 140 155 146 143 148 163 176 187 197 R208 R223 238
  Total related industries 461 522 613 2,498 2,694 3,336 3,672 3,532 3,508 3,612 3,782 3,930 4,086 4,186 R4,251 R4,368 4,464
  Government employmenti                                  
  U.S. DOTj N N 104 112 112 100 104 108 110 109 103 101 99 98 99 100 100
  State and local highwayk 532 577 607 604 559 549 569 564 525 541 544 543 lN 531 530 R543 546
  Total government employment 532 577 711 716 671 649 673 672 635 650 647 644 99 629 629 R643 646
  TOTAL transportation-related labor force R5,036 R5,614 R5,999 R7,880 R8,535 9,252 10,133 9,872 9,758 9,892 10,217 10,527 R10,248 11,016 R11279 R11,540 U

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Annual averages.

b Excludes farm employment.

c Does not include drivers employed by school districts.

d Difference between the total of SIC 41 and the sum of 411, 412, 413, and 415.

e In 1997, the American Gas Association revised the database that identifies companies by type (e.g., distribution, integrated, or transmission). This reclassification has resulted in additions to the distribution and reductions to the integrated company categories beginning with the revised data in 1996. Additionally, data by company type are not directly comparable from year to year due to acquisitions and mergers.

f Transportation services are defined as services incidental to transportation, such as forwarding and packing; motor vehicle inspections; and freight broker, tour operator, and travel agency services, etc.

g The difference between the total of SIC 37 and the sum of 371, 372, 373, and 374.

h The difference between the total of SIC 55 and the sum of 551, 553, and 554.

i Not all government agencies are included (e.g., the National Transportation Safety Board).

j U.S. Department of Transportation was created in 1966. Data are for fiscal year and include permanent civilians as well as temporary employees and military.

k Full-time equivalent employment. Data prior to 1986 are not directly comparable to data from later years due to a change in the way full-time equivalent was calculated. Full-time equivalent was not calculated for 1985.

l Due to a change in the reference period, from October to March, the October 1996 Annual Survey of Government Employment and Payroll was not conducted.

NOTES: The employment totals in tables 3-19 and 3-20 differ. Table 3-19 shows employment in transportation and selected transportation-related industries. Table 3-20 shows employment by transportation occupation. Some employees of transportation industries have nontransportation jobs (e.g., a bookkeeper in a trucking firm), and some people with transportation occupations do not work in the transportation industry (e.g., a truck driver for a construction firm). Beginning in January 1999, data are not strictly comparable with data for 1998 and earlier years because of revisions in the population controls used in the household survey.

SOURCES:

All data, except as noted:

1960-85: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994).

1990-2000: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov/datahome.htm, database query for individual series as of Oct. 11, 2001.

Natural gas pipeline:

1975-99: American Gas Association, Gas Facts (Arlington, VA: Annual issues), table 14-2 and similar tables in earlier editions.

Government employment:

USDOT:

1970-75: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1976 (Washington, DC: 1976), table 409, and U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, G-WPM, Office of Military Personnel, personal communication.

1980-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, DOT Employment Facts, A Report to Management (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1990-2000: Ibid., DOT Workforce Demographics (Washington, DC : Annual issues).

State and local highway:

1960-91: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1993 (Washington, DC: 1993), table 500 and similar tables in earlier editions.

1992-2000: Ibid., Internet site http://www.census.gov/pub/govs/www/apesstl.html as of Aug. 2, 2001.