Table 4-5: Fuel Consumption by Mode of Transportation

Table 4-5: Fuel Consumption by Mode of Transportation

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Air                                  
Certificated carriersa                                  
Jet fuel (million gallons) 1,954 3,889 7,857 7,558 R8,519 R10,115 12,429 11,506 11,763 11,959 12,476 12,812 R13,187 13,660 13,877 14,402 14,845
General aviationb                                  
Aviation gasoline (million gallons) 242 292 551 412 520 421 353 354 314 268 R266 R287 R289 R292 311 345 337
Jet fuel (million gallons) N 56 208 453 766 691 663 577 494 454 R464 R560 R608 642 815 967 998
Highway                                  
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels (million gallons)                                  
Passenger car and motorcycle 41,171 49,723 67,879 74,253 70,186 71,700 69,759 64,501 65,627 67,246 68,079 68,268 69,419 70,094 R71,901 73,495 73,125
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle N e 12,313 19,081 23,796 27,363 35,611 38,217 40,929 42,851 44,112 45,605 47,354 49,388 R50,462 52,859 52,832
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck N 13,848 3,968 5,420 6,923 7,399 8,357 8,172 8,237 8,488 9,032 9,216 9,409 9,576 R6,817 9,372 9,548
Combination truck N 6,658 7,348 9,177 13,037 14,005 16,133 16,809 17,216 17,748 18,653 19,777 20,193 20,302 R25,158 24,537 25,645
Bus 827 875 820 1,053 1,018 834 895 864 878 929 964 968 990 1,027 R1040 1,148 1,110
Transitc                                  
Electricity (million kWh) 2,908 2,584 2,561 2,646 2,446 4,216 4,837 4,853 4,716 4,865 5,081 5,068 5,007 4,988 R5,073 P5,237 U
Motor fuel (million gallons)                                  
Diesel 208 248 271 365 431 609 651 665 685 679 678 678 693 717 R740 P763 U
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsd 192 124 68 8 11 46 34 34 37 46 60 61 61 59 R53 P49 U
Compressed natural gas N N N N N N N N 1 2 5 11 15 24 R37 P44 U
Rail, Class I (in freight service)                                  
Distillate/diesel fuel (million gallons) 3,463 3,592 3,545 3,657 3,904 3,110 3,115 2,906 3,005 3,088 3,334 3,480 3,579 3,575 3,583 3,715 3,700
Amtrak                                  
Electricity (million kWh) N N N 180 254 295 330 303 300 301 309 304 293 282 275 283 350
Distillate/diesel fuel (million gallons) N N N 63 64 65 82 82 82 83 75 66 71 75 75 74 76
Water                                  
Residual fuel oil (million gallons) 3,952 3,093 3,774 4,060 8,952 4,590 6,326 6,773 6,563 5,282 5,386 5,886 5,701 5,010 5,620 5,838 6,410
Distillate/diesel fuel oil (million gallons) 787 652 819 1,098 1,478 1,699 2,065 2,046 2,219 2,155 2,189 2,339 2,491 2,574 2,595 2,419 2,261
Gasoline (million gallons) N N 598 730 1,052 1,053 1,300 1,710 1,316 874 876 1,060 994 987 956 1,098 1,124
Pipeline                                  
Natural gas (million cubic feet) 347,075 500,524 722,166 582,963 634,622 503,766 659,816 601,305 587,710 624,308 685,362 700,335 711,446 751,470 635,477 645,319 644,444

KEY: kWh = kilowatt-hour; N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised.

a Domestic operations only.

b Includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations. Data for 1996 are estimated using new information on nonrespondents and are therefore not comparable to earlier years. See the accuracy statement in the appendix for more detailed information.

c Prior to 1984, excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, ferryboat, demand responsive vehicles, and most rural and small systems.

d Gasoline and all other nondiesel fuels such as liquefied natural gas, methanol, and propane, except compressed natural gas.

e Included in single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck category.

SOURCES:

Air:

Certificated air carriers:

1960-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Internet site http://www.bts.gov/oai/fuel/fuelyearly.html as of Sept. 10, 2001.

General aviation:

1960-70: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA Statistical Handbook of Aviation - 1972 edition (Washington, DC: 1973), table 9.12.

1975-93: Ibid., General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity Survey (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 5.1, and similar tables in earlier editions.

1994: Ibid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2000-2011 (Washington, DC: March 2000), table 29.

1995-2000: lbid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2002-2013 (Washington, DC: March 2002), table 30.

Highway:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A. (Revised data obtained from Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of Aug. 2001).

1995-2000: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.

Transit:

Electricity/motor fuel/compressed natural gas:

1960-99: American Public Transit Association, Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: March 2001), tables 65, 66, 67, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Rail:

1960-2000: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: October 2000), p. 40.

Amtrak:

1975-2000: Amtrak, State and Local Affairs Department, personal communication.

Water:

Residual and distillate/diesel fuel oil:

1960-80: American Petroleum Institute, Basic Petroleum Data Book (Washington, DC:Annual issues), tables 10, 10a, 12, and 12a.

1985-2000: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 1 and 2, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Gasoline:

1970-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MF-24 and similar tables in earlier editions.

Pipeline:

1960-2000: U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Annual 2000, DOE/EIA-0131(00) (Washington, DC: November 2001), table 95.