Table 4-6M: Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation

Table 4-6M: Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation

(Petajoules)

Excel | CSV

  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Air                                  
Certificated carriersa                                  
Jet fuel 278 554 1,119 1,077 1,213 1,441 1,770 1,639 1,675 1,703 1,777 1,825 1,878 1946 1,977 2,051 2,114
General aviationb                                  
Aviation gasoline 31 37 70 52 66 53 45 45 40 34 34 36 37 37 39 44 43
Jet fuel N 8 30 65 109 98 94 82 70 65 66 80 87 91 116 138 142
Highway                                  
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels                                  
Passenger car and motorcycle 5,430 6,558 8,952 9,793 9,256 9,456 9,200 8,507 8,655 8,869 8,978 9,003 9,155 9,244 R9,483 9,693 9,644
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle N e 1,624 2,516 3,138 3,609 4,696 5,040 5,398 5,651 5,818 6,014 6,245 6,513 R6,655 6,971 6,968
Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck N 2,026 581 793 1,013 1,083 1,223 1,196 1,205 1,242 1,322 1,349 1,377 1,401 R998 1,371 1,397
Combination truck N 974 1,075 1,343 1,908 2,049 2,361 2,460 2,519 2,597 2,730 2,894 2,955 2,971 R3,681 3,591 3,753
Bus 121 128 120 154 149 122 131 126 128 136 141 142 145 150 R152 168 162
Transitc                                  
Electricity 10 9 9 10 9 15 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 R18 P19 U
Motor fuel                                  
Diesel 30 36 40 53 63 89 95 97 100 99 99 99 101 105 R109 P112 U
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsd 25 16 9 1 1 6 4 4 5 6 8 8 8 8 R7 P6 U
Compressed natural gas N N N N N N N N 1 1 1 2 2 3 R5 P6 U
Rail, Class I (in freight service)                                  
Distillate/diesel fuel 507 526 519 535 571 455 456 425 440 452 488 509 524 523 524 544 541
Amtrak                                  
Electricity N N N 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U
Distillate/diesel fuel N N N 9 9 10 12 12 12 12 11 10 10 11 11 11 U
Water                                  
Residual fuel oil 624 489 596 641 1,414 725 999 1,070 R1,037 834 851 930 900 791 888 922 1,012
Distillate/diesel fuel oil 115 95 120 161 216 249 302 299 325 315 320 342 R364 377 380 354 331
Gasoline N N 79 96 139 139 171 226 174 115 R115 140 131 130 126 145 148
Pipeline                                  
Natural gas 378 544 786 634 690 548 718 654 639 679 746 762 774 817 691 702 701

KEY: kWh = kilowatt-hour; N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = unavailable.

a Domestic operations only.

b Includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations.

c Prior to 1984, excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, ferryboat, demand responsive vehicles, and most rural and smaller systems.

d Gasoline and all other nondiesel fuels such as liquified natural gas, methanol, and propane, except compressed natural gas.

e Included in other single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck category.

NOTES: The following conversion rates were used:

Jet fuel = 37,626,700 joules/liter

Compressed natural gas = 38,657,950 joules/liter

Aviation gasoline = 33,501,698 joules/liter

Distillate fuel =38,655,829 joules/liter

Automotive gasoline = 34,839,537 joules/liter

Residual fuel = 41,723,829 joules/liter

Diesel motor fuel = 38,657,950 joules/liter

Natural gas = 38,413,974 joules/m3

Electricity 1kWh = 3,600,000 joules/kWh, negating electrical system losses. To include approximate electrical system losses, multiply this conversion factor by 3.

Numbers may differ slightly from previous year's metric tables because a higher precision conversion factor was used.

SOURCES:

Air:

Certificated air carriers:

1960-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information Internet site http://www.bts.gov/oai/fuel/fuelyearly.html as of Sept. 13, 2001.

General aviation:

1960-80: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Aviation Policy, Plans, and Management Analysis, FAA Statistical Handbook of Aviation (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1985-93: Ibid., General Aviation and Avionics Survey (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 5.1 and similar tables in earlier editions.

1994: Ibid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2000-2011 (Washington, DC: March 2000), table 29.

1995-2000: lbid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2002-2013 (Washington, DC: March 2002), table 30.

Highway:

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A (revised data obtained from internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of Aug. 2, 2001).

1995-2000: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.

Transit:

Electricity/motor fuel/compressed natural gas:

1960-99: American Public Transit Association, Public Transportation Fact Book (Washington, DC: March 2001), tables 65, 66, 67, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Rail:

1960-99: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: October 2000), p. 40.

2000: Ibid., Railroad Facts, (Draft),personal communication.

Amtrak:

1975-99: Amtrak, State and Local Affairs Department, personal communication.

Water:

Residual and distillate/diesel fuel oil:

1960-80: American Petroleum Institute, Basic Petroleum Data Book (Washington, DC:Annual issues), tables 10, 10a, 12, and 12a.

1985-2000: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 2 and 4, and similar tables in earlier editions.

Gasoline:

1970-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MF-24 and similar tables in earlier editions.

Pipeline:

1960-98: U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Annual 1999, DOE/EIA-0131(99) (Washington, DC: October 2000), table 94.

1999-2000: Ibid., Natural Gas Annual 2000, DOE/EIA-0131(00) (Washington DC: November 2001), table 95.