Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Total U.S. resident populationa (thousands) R226,546 237,924 248,791 262,803 265,229 267,784 270,248 272,691 281,422
Ageb (thousands)                  
Under 18 63,754 62,623 63,949 68,555 69,109 69,603 69,903 70,199 72,294
18-24 years 30,022 28,902 26,961 25,112 24,843 24,980 25,476 26,011 27,142
25-34 37,082 41,696 43,174 40,730 40,246 39,559 38,743 37,936 39,892
35-44 25,634 31,691 37,444 42,555 43,365 44,014 44,498 44,813 45,149
45-54 22,800 22,460 25,062 31,100 32,358 33,625 34,575 35,802 37,678
55-64 21,703 22,135 21,116 21,132 21,353 21,816 22,666 23,389 24,275
65 and over 25,550 28,415 31,083 33,619 33,957 34,185 34,385 34,540 34,992
Sexc (thousands)                  
Male 110,053 116,160 121,284 128,294 129,504 130,783 132,030 133,277 138,054
Female 116,493 122,576 127,507 134,510 135,724 137,001 138,218 139,414 143,368
Metropolitan areas (population in millions)d                  
Large (over 1 million) 119.0 U 139 147 149 151 153 U 162
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41.0 U 41 44 44 43 43 U 40
Small (less than 250,000) 17.0 U 18 19 R19 20 20 U 17
Rural v. urbane (thousands)                  
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U U
Regionsf (millions)                  
Northeast 49.1 49.9 50.8 51.4 R51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 53.6
South 75.4 81.4 85.5 91.8 R92.9 94.2 95.3 96.5 100.2
Midwest 58.9 58.8 59.7 R62.0 R62.4 R62.7 63.0 63.2 64.4
West 43.2 47.8 52.8 R57.6 R58.4 R59.3 60.3 61.2 63.2
Immigrants admittedg 530,639 570,009 1,536,483 720,461 915,900 798,378 660,477 U U
Total area (square miles)h 3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U U
Gross domestic product (chained $ 1996 billions)i 4,900.9 5,717.1 6,707.9 7,543.8 7,813.2 8,159.5 8,508.9 8,856.5 9,224.0
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 66.5 97.5 118.3 123.1 130.4 143.7 145.5 153.4 166.3
Manufacturing 832.3 987.9 1,102.3 1,284.7 1,316.0 1,387.2 1,444.3 1,532.1 1,594.6
Mining 90.6 96.2 105.8 113.0 113.0 117.0 119.7 112.0 95.2
Construction 249.4 270.5 287.5 299.6 316.4 324.6 348.9 370 379.3
Transportation 154.0 170.9 180.6 225.1 243.4 248.9 257.9 268.6 281.1
Wholesale/retail trade 621.5 822.7 954.6 1,124.4 1,216.7 1,329.4 1463.3 1,532.5 1,614.1
Finance, insurance, real estate 1,003.1 1,125.5 1,250.6 1,393.0 1,436.8 1,520.8 1,622.1 1,713.5 1,809.5
Services 928.1 1,103.3 1,361.9 1,510.4 1,564.2 1632.2 1699.0 1774.8 1865.2
Total civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368 140,863
Participation rate of men 77.4% 76.3% 76.4% 75.0% 74.9% 75.0% 74.9% 74.7% 74.7%
Participation rate of women 51.5% 54.5% 57.5% 58.9% 59.3% 59.8% 59.8% 60.0% 60.2%
Number of households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 103,874 105,480
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 2.59
Median household income (chained $ 1996)j $33,722  $34,439 $35,945  $35,082  $35,492  $36,175  $37,430 k38,592 k38,556
Average household expenditures (chained $ 1996) U  $34,253 $34,070  $33,217  $33,797  $34,038  $34,205  $34,841 U

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Estimates as of July except 1980 and 1990, which are as of April 1.

b Total population count has been revised since the 1980 census. Numbers by age have not been corrected and may not sum to total.

c 1995 through 1999 data are estimates.

d Defined as Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas, as of July 1, 1994.

e As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban/rural numbers for the decennial census years.

f As of July 1 for all years except 1980 and 1990.

g Fiscal year ending September 30.

h The Census Bureau tabulates area (square miles) data for the decennial census years only. Data for 1990 reflect the inclusion of the Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for prior years included inland water only.

i Estimates for 1980 and 1985 are shown on the basis of the 1972 Standard Industrial Code (SIC); 1990-96 are based on the 1987 SIC.

j Households as of March of following year.

k Median Income for 1999-2000 is converted to chained 1996 dollars using the CPI-U-RS price index while previous years use the CPI-U price indices. Comparisons with earlier years should be made with caution.

SOURCES:

U.S. resident population: 1980-99: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 15.

2000: Ibid., 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000, (Washington DC: May 2001), table DP-1.

Age: 1980-99: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 12.

2000: Ibid., 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000 (Washington DC: May 2001), table DP-1.

Sex: 1980-99: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 10.

2000: Ibid., 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000 (Washington DC: May 2001), table DP-1.

Metropolitan areas: 1980-90, 1998: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 32.

2000: Ibid., 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000 (Washington DC: May 2001), table 2.

Rural/urban: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 37.

Regions:

1990-99: Ibid., Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/st-99-3.txt as of Dec. 29, 1999.

2000: Ibid., 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000 (Washington DC: May 2001), table DP-1.

Immigrants: 1980-85: Ibid.,Statistical Abstract of the United States 1990 (Washington, DC: 1990), table 6.

1990-96: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 6.

1997-98: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Policy and Planning, Statistics Branch, Annual Report, Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 1998, No. 2, May 1999, Internet site http://www.ins.usdoj.gov/graphics/aboutins/statistics/index.htm as of May 1, 2000.

Total area: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC:2001), table 1.

Gross domestic product: 1980-90: Ibid., Survey of Current Business (Washington, DC: November 1997).

1995-96: Ibid., November 1998.

1997-2000: Ibid., November 2001.

Industry gross domestic products are expressed as chained 1996 dollars using industry-specific chain-type quantity indices from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Civilian labor force: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Internet site http://www.bls.gov, specific series data query as of Dec. 20, 2001.

Participation rates: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Internet site http://www.bls.gov, specific series data queries as of Dec. 20, 2001.

Number and average size of households: 1980-97: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 69.

1998-1999: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 60.

2000: Ibid., 2000 Census of Population and Housing, Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000 (Washington DC: May 2001), table DP-1.

Median household income: 1980-1998: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC:2001), table 737.

1999-2000: Ibid., Money Income in the United States 2000, (Washington DC: 2001), table A.

Converted to chained 1996 dollars using the chain-type price index for personal consumption expenditures from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Average household expenditures: Ibid., U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/csxhome.htm. Converted to chained 1996 dollars using the chain-type price index for personal consumption expenditures from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.