Air Carrier Profile

Air Carrier Profile

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Financial 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 R1999 P2000
Operating revenues (thousand dollars)                      
Domestic totala,b 2,178,339 7,180,161 26,440,297 57,960,508 65,948,993 70,885,050 76,890,526 82,249,568 86,493,789 90,931,479 98,689,586
Majors, all services f1,942,635 f6,272,775 g23,012,073 i53,333,552 i59,846,676 i64,317,169 i70,036,709 i74,942,391 i77,650,810 i82,615,015 i89,103,057
Nationals, all services 146,481 736,831 3,182,418 j4,167,552 j5,465,021 j5,935,773 j5,990,391 j6,163,458 j8,113,690 j7,789,636 j9,016,171
Large regionals, all services N N 245,806 k459,404 k637,296 k632,108 k863,426 k1,143,719 k729,289 k526,828 k570,359
International total 705,938 2,109,497 6,442,144 17,990,355 22,364,429 23,433,483 25,046,820 27,318,034 26,971,289 28,106,973 30,773,164
Majors, all services 705,938 2,109,497 h5,976,221 i16,761,376 i19,222,842 i19,892,111 i21,524,274 i23,608,853 i23,356,233 i24,671,152 i27,532,228
Nationals, all services N N 465,923 j901,352 j2,697,137 j3,282,606 j3,326,467 j3,376,014 j3,161,212 j3,142,217 j2,853,515
Large regionals, all services N N N k327,627 k444,450 k258,766 k196,079 k333,166 k453,844 k293,604 k387,420
Total certificateda 2,884,877 9,289,658 32,882,441 75,950,863 88,313,422 94,318,533 101,937,346 109,567,602 113,465,078 119,038,452 129,462,750
Operating expenses (thousand dollars)                      
Domestic totala 2,052,094 7,001,668 26,465,999 58,953,086 63,757,937 66,119,699 71,573,073 75,731,215 78,388,515 84,328,320 93,111,990
Majors, all services 1,907,785 6,256,039 g23,150,527 i54,209,401 i57,824,115 i59,721,080 i64,793,763 i68,307,270 i70,114,852 i76,506,077 i83,784,507
Nationals, all services 144,309 745,629 3,058,289 j4,297,823 j5,285,783 j5,750,372 j5,847,797 j6,163,923 j7,500,451 j7,299,934 j8,726,001
Large regionals, all services N N 257,183 k445,862 k648,039 k648,247 k931,513 k1,260,021 k773,212 k522,309 k601,482
International total 665,660 2,065,605 6,642,095 18,914,480 21,842,021 22,335,257 24,155,203 25,249,593 25,748,752 26,307,097 29,276,999
Majors, all services 665,660 2,065,605 h6,171,366 i17,746,006 i18,875,302 i19,061,258 i20,807,517 i21,688,642 i22,321,441 i23,218,938 i26,268,247
Nationals, all services N N 470,729 j853,361 j2,503,462 j3,025,707 j3,166,097 j3,253,249 j3,014,282 j2,815,341 j2,609,008
Large regionals, all services N N N k315,113 k463,257 k248,292 k181,589 k307,702 k413,029 k272,819 k399,744
Total certificateda 2,717,754 9,067,273 33,108,094 77,867,566 85,599,958 88,454,956 95,728,276 100,980,807 104,137,267 110,635,417 122,388,989

Inventoryc 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 R1999 P2000
Number of carrierse                      
Total domestic and internationall 55 39 66 59 80 89 90 82 R80 82 75
Majors N N 14 12 11 11 12 13 13 13 14
Nationals N N 18 15 23 27 31 31 R27 31 32
Regionals N N 34 32 46 51 47 38 40 38 29
Number of aircraft available for service                      
Total domestic and internationalm 2,135 2,690 2,818 4,727 5,221 5,567 5,961 5,770 6,144 6,254 6,522
Majors N N 2,071 3,854 4,085 4,039 4,422 4,352 4,605 4,711 5,118
Nationals N N 432 650 819 1,143 1,167 967 1,113 1,319 1,182
Regionals N N 315 223 317 385 372 451 426 224 222
Number of employees                      
Total domestic and internationall 169,872 304,690 354,264 588,926 585,427 610,363 634,866 656,243 R696,408 728,495 732,049
Majors 118,189 214,021 318,973 549,100 526,379 533,313 564,631 597,953 623,389 650,267 672,294
Nationals 12,470 24,913 29,922 32,077 46,670 59,444 56,586 47,662 R59,620 68,138 56,056
Regionals N N 5,369 7,749 12,378 17,606 13,649 10,628 13,399 10,090 3,699

Performance 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 R1999 P2000
Aircraft revenue-miles (thousands)                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated, all servicesa n858,451 n2,067,598 o2,523,375 p3,963,263 p4,379,830 p4,629,394 p4,811,453 p4,910,948 p5,034,691 p5,332,483 p5,645,804
Major, all servicesa 716,961 1,778,065 2,113,669 q3,547,339 q3,760,064 q3,953,287 q4,083,664 q4,191,113 q4,260,052 q4,598,092 q4,784,789
Nationals, all servicesa 94,794 247,055 330,528 r351,946 r519,312 r569,641 r614,519 r594,241 r702,913 r668,646 r796,777
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 56,995 s60,542 s78,573 s85,363 s96,573 s112,682 s51,199 s47,438 s45,651
International                      
Certificated, all servicesa 181,605 474,666 t400,971 u760,338 u979,765 u997,658 u1,043,313 u1,113,816 u1,192,489 u1,225,218 u1,272,885
Major, all servicesa N N 330,391 v666,231 v809,242 v822,283 v859,483 v917,109 v1,003,726 v1,053,219 v1,115,278
Nationals, all servicesa N N 66,499 w48,812 w119,839 w141,870 w150,147 w145,821 w145,494 w138,135 w125,806
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 2,948 x60,542 x41,067 x27,761 x22,519 x47,138 x40,398 x29,474 x27,520
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 23,204 y9,017 y31,500 y28,847 y27,861 y16,660 y21,024 y22,697 y22,868
Total certificateda 1,040,056 2,542,264 2,924,346 4,723,601 5,359,595 5,627,052 5,854,766 6,024,764 6,227,180 6,557,701 6,918,689
Aircraft revenue-hours                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated, all servicesa 3,672,900 5,133,161 o6,247,795 p9,717,375 p10,721,374 p11,378,134 p11,871,886 p12,060,253 p12,445,483 p13,091,273 p13,839,361
Major, all servicesa 2,802,317 4,066,480 4,941,327 q8,524,236 q8,864,840 q9,257,260 q9,584,525 q9,828,418 q9,957,390 q10,863,178 q11,309,022
Nationals, all servicesa 606,146 908,935 919,187 r1,016,491 r1,579,771 r1,839,835 r1,981,219 r1,882,975 r2,299,916 r2,053,335 r2,373,156
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 267,522 s167,826 s223,951 s223,007 s260,985 s315,506 s143,197 s126,602 s110,686
International                      
Certificated, all servicesa 608,736 977,325 t819,518 u1,556,760 u1,978,381 u2,021,060 u2,113,467 u2,235,441 u2,394,095 u2,456,726 u2,574,483
Major, all servicesa N N 668,199 v1,351,349 v1,607,155 v1,634,465 v1,712,416 v1,819,583 v1,992,776 v2,090,817 v2,223,900
Nationals, all servicesa N N 140,329 w101,533 w251,902 w314,066 w329,311 w309,948 w311,540 w290,582 w283,008
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 7,583 x88,641 x97,967 x59,572 x48,619 x97,304 x83,437 x62,658 x58,565
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 123,411 y24,059 y74,169 y70,989 y68,278 y41,960 y51,322 y60,827 y55,507
Total certificateda 4,281,636 6,110,486 7,190,724 11,298,194 12,699,755 13,399,194 13,985,353 14,295,694 14,839,578 15,547,999 16,413,844
Revenue passenger-miles (thousands)                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated, all services 31,098,944 108,441,978 o204,367,599 p345,872,950 p388,398,689 p403,887,802 p434,651,687 p450,612,482 p463,262,198 p488,356,869 p515,367,414
Majors, all services 29,430,428 99,903,229 182,984,795 q327,112,620 q352,063,855 q368,701,100 q395,099,254 q410,906,050 q421,217,665 q451,399,646 q472,284,794
Nationals, all services 1,170,779 7,642,071 20,466,712 r16,756,818 r31,339,182 r29,255,179 r33,000,546 r33,241,082 r37,699,063 r33,267,469 r39,335,123
Large regionals, all services N N 711,868 s1,752,615 s3,757,414 s4,381,267 s5,443,071 s5,778,338 s3,124,802 s2,627,816 s2,729,491
International                      
Certificated, all services n8,950,672 n39,695,392 t63,354,387 u126,362,697 u149,107,689 u154,869,249 u161,512,010 u169,356,100 u172,255,197 u180,269,038 u192,611,975
Majors, all services N N 54,318,160 v118,268,507 v133,299,897 v137,986,520 v145,330,811 v153,564,956 v157,398,986 u168,175,060 v181,585,899
Nationals, all services N N 8,659,592 w6,794,533 w13,459,194 w16,128,695 w14,681,127 w13,616,245 w13,471,798 w9,649,710 w7,793,324
Large regionals, all services N N 330,288 x1,219,706 x1,964,944 x676,925 x505,337 x2,148,486 x1,097,330 x2,145,931 x3,035,864
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 250,571 y330,848 y1,621,892 y1,627,365 y2,103,551 y713,425 y1,507,751 y1,360,275 y1,214,894
Total certificateda 40,049,616 148,137,370 267,972,557 472,566,495 537,506,378 558,757,051 596,163,697 619,968,582 635,517,395 668,625,907 707,979,389
Average passenger revenue/passenger-mile (Domestic, scheduled service) 6.09 6.00 11.49 13.43 13.12 13.48 13.76 13.97 14.08 13.72 14.37
Average passenger fare (Domestic, scheduled service) 30.01 40.65 84.60 107.86 103.21 106.66 110.37 114.10 114.34 113.75 120.24
Revenue passenger enplanements (thousands)                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated, all servicesa n56,352 n153,662 o275,182 p428,767 p489,351 p506,789 p538,394 p548,735 p566,951 p589,170 p615,771
Major, all servicesa 48,678 122,866 223,237 q393,927 q428,328 q441,650 q466,743 q478,253 q486,903 q519,760 q537,394
Nationals, all servicesa 5,949 26,726 47,145 r32,015 r53,361 r55,656 r62,183 r61,316 r74,281 r65,072 r74,606
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 3,748 s2,566 s6,138 s7,136 s7,887 s8,203 s4,352 s3,152 s2,448
International                      
Certificated, all servicesa 5,904 16,620 t26,514 u46,126 u51,330 u52,864 u54,515 u56,767 u57,759 u57,702 u60,729
Major, all servicesa N N 23,949 v42,207 v42,702 v44,155 v46,302 v48,614 v49,610 v50,604 v53,151
Nationals, all servicesa N N 2,343 w2,632 w6,608 w8,114 w7,401 w6,896 w7,038 w5,446 w5,272
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 149 x1,246 x1,741 x556 x405 x1,231 x940 x1,404 x2,061
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 1,125 y300 y1,803 y2,386 y1,988 y989 y1,586 y1,434 y1,568
Total certificateda 62,256 169,922 302,821 475,193 540,681 559,653 592,909 605,502 624,710 646,872 676,500
Revenue passenger Load factor (%) (scheduled service)                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated 58.5 48.9 o58.0 p60.4 64.7 p65.4 p67.9 p69.1 p70.0 p69.8 p71.2
Majors 59.5 49.3 58.1 q60.6 65.0 q65.7 q68.5 q69.7 q70.4 q70.3 q71.6
Nationals 41.9 43.6 58.4 r56.6 62.6 r61.9 r61.5 r63.2 r65.1 r64.7 r66.5
Large regionals N N 47.7 s48.7 60.0 s56 s60.4 s60.7 s58.8 s42.4 s47.4
International                      
Certificated 62.2 53.0 t62.8 u69.1 70.6 u71.8 u73.3 u74.1 u72.8 u74.4 u76.0
Majors N N 62.8 v69.1 70.8 v72.1 v73.7 v74.4 v72.9 v74.5 v76.1
Nationals N N 65.5 w73.4 68.2 w67.7 w67.8 w69.6 w70.9 w73.7 w73.4
Large regionals N N 73.9 x66.5 46.8 x44.5 x0.0 x64.9 x46.0 xU X58.0
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N y46.7 y0.0 53.8 y59.3 y66.7 y49.7 y58.2 y58.3 y50.8
U.S. international passenger travel                      
Total passenger-arrivals (thousands) Flag of carrier                      
United States z1,332 z5,531 AA10,031 AA19,145 23,291 BB24,582 AA25,148 AA26,744 AA27,390 AA27,462 AA29,837
Foreign 1,234 4,343 10,231 17,269 20,527 22,328 24,704 27,571 28,791 30,324 32,380
Total passenger-departures (thousands) Flag of carrier                      
United States 1,200 4,949 9,369 17,628 21,355 22,231 22,901 24,302 24,513 25,457 27,431
Foreign 1,136 4,147 9,886 16,418 18,993 20,795 22,884 25,382 26,350 28,399 30,068
Total revenue ton-miles (thousands)d                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated, all services n3,732,949 n13,876,802 o24,964,907 p43,651,162 50,631,589 p52,910,081 p56,326,750 p58,658,887 p60,199,459 p63,032,722 p66,297,278
Majors, all services 3,332,483 12,589,057 21,427,534 q39,107,033 44,952,734 q47,015,642 q50,096,661 q52,254,323 q53,424,349 q56,696,427 q59,179,586
Nationals, all services 121,157 850,477 3,336,057 r3,561,283 4,510,285 r4,996,345 r231,398 r5,317,576 r6,012,665 r5,705,158 r6,429,167
Large regionals, all services N N 180,042 s945,929 1,002,552 s718,659 s863,449 s971,942 s508,172 s507,053 s571,773
International                      
Certificated, all services 1,291,336 6,308,701 t9,689,067 u19,975,915 24,879,791 u26,295,684 u28,177,721 u30,944,299 u31,481,513 u32,810,136 u34,723,712
Majors, all services N N 7,377,733 v17,803,825 20,681,991 v21,517,789 v22,880,295 v24,971,379 v25,794,344 v27,949,876 v30,601,951
Nationals, all services N N 2,261,534 w1,229,849 3,201,089 w4,116,380 w4,603,920 w4,657,365 w4,376,654 w4,257,520 w3,513,451
Large regionals, all services N N 44,438 x835,701 862,184 x513,476 x396,142 x1,240,303 x1,269,602 x566,689 x576,046
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 28,178 y143,457 300,545 y327,474 y432,606 y190,298 y265,186 y160,135 y149,016
Total certificateda 5,024,285 20,185,503 34,682,153 63,770,534 75,511,380 79,205,765 84,504,471 89,603,186 91,650,972 95,842,858 101,020,990
Revenue ton-miles of freight (thousands)                      
Domesticb                      
Certificated, all services 552,756 2,708,900 o4,528,316 p9,063,864 11,802,778 p12,520,057 p12,860,845 p13,601,412 p13,839,605 p14,201,933 p14,759,988
Majors, all services 321,176 U 3,129,087 q6,395,767 9,746,354 q10,145,537 q10,586,741 q11,163,518 q11,302,583 q11,556,463 q11,951,106
Nationals, all services 3,850 U 1,289,510 r1,885,600 1,387,322 r2,070,570 r1,931,201 r1,993,498 r2,239,140 r2,378,206 r2,495,453
Large regionals, all services N N 108,864 s770,670 626,842 s280,512 s318,542 s398,153 s195,791 s249,706 s298,820
International                      
Certificated, all services n268,156 n1,566,105 t3,353,371 u7,339,660 9,970,189 u10,854,620 u12,031,634 u14,008,685 u14,262,373 u14,782,231 u15,461,273
Majors, all services N N 1,945,660 v5,976,973 7,351,998 v7,719,138 v8,347,214 v9,614,881 v10,054,448 v11,132,370 v12,443,364
Nationals, all services N N 1,395,575 w550,409 1,855,167 w2,549,371 w3,140,921 w3,295,738 w3,035,853 w3,291,549 w2,734,118
Large regionals, all services N N 11,409 x713,733 666,863 x445,783 x345,609 x1,025,455 x1,159,869 x352,095 x271,216
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 3,124 y110,372 138,421 y163,766 y222,251 y118,854 y114,294 y23,775 y27,184
Total certificateda 820,907 3,755,436 7,884,811 16,513,896 21,772,967 23,374,677 24,892,479 27,610,097 28,101,978 28,984,164 30,221,261

Safety 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 R1999 P2000
Air carrier fatalities                      
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                      
Scheduled services N N CC0 CC39 239 CC166 CC342 CC3 1 12 CC92
Nonscheduled services N N 1 0 0 2 38 5 0 0 0
Operating under 14 CFR 135                      
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 37 7 25 9 14 46 0 12 5
Nonscheduled services (on-demand air taxis) N N 105 51 63 52 63 39 R45 38 71
Totala DD499 DD146 143 58 327 229 457 93 R46 62 168
Air carrier accidents                      
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                      
Scheduled services N N 15 22 19 34 32 44 43 48 49
Nonscheduled services N N 4 2 4 2 R5 5 7 4 5
Operating under 14 CFR 135                      
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 38 15 10 12 11 R16 8 13 12
Nonscheduled services (on-demand air taxis) N N 171 107 85 75 90 82 77 73 80
Totala DD90 DD55 R228 146 118 123 R138 R147 135 138 146
Fatal air carrier accidents                      
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                      
Scheduled services N N 0 6 4 2 3 3 1 2 3
Nonscheduled services N N 1 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0
Operating under 14 CFR 135                      
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 8 4 3 2 1 5 0 5 1
Nonscheduled services (on-demand air taxis) N N 46 29 26 24 29 15 R17 12 22
Totala DD17 DD8 55 39 33 29 35 24 R18 19 26

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Totals include data not in table; thus totals may not be sum of table data.

b Domestic encompasses operations within and between the 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. It also encompasses Canadian and Mexican transborder operations (U.S. airlines only). All other operations are considered international.

c Includes scheduled and nonscheduled (charter) operators. By Sec. 2 of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 "charter air carrier" and "charter air transportation" replaced supplemental air carriers and supplemental air transportation, which were formerly Sec. 101(36) and (37) of the Act. The 24 pre-deregulation supplemental carriers now have scheduled service authority.

d Total Revenue Ton-Miles includes Passenger, Freight, Express, and Mail.

e Total includes only those carriers whose report employment statistics to BTS' Office of Airline Information.

SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

f Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), pp. 69, 71.

g Ibid., Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 3/28, 44.

h Ibid., pp. 42, 44.

i U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Financial Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue) p. 3.

j Ibid., p. 37 and similar pages in earlier editions.

k Ibid., pp. 75-76 and similar pages in earlier editions.

l U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, http://www.bts.gov/oai/employees/employcov.html as of Aug. 15, 2001.

m Ibid., personal communication, Aug. 17, 2001.

n Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1973, (Washington, DC),Part III, Tables 2, 4, 7, 13.

o Ibid., Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 2, 5, 46, 84.

p U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), p. 2.

q Ibid., p. 5.

r Ibid., p. 64 and similar pages in earlier editions.

s Ibid., p. 145 and similar pages in earlier editions.

t Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 3, 6, 85, 115.

u U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), p. 3.

v Ibid., p. 6

w Ibid., p. 65 and similar pages in earlier editions.

x Ibid., p. 146 and similar pages in earlier editions.

y Ibid., p. 190 and similar pages in earlier editions.

z U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Report of Passenger Travel Between the U.S. and Foreign Countries, 1960, 1970 (Washington, DC).

AAU.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, U.S. International Air Travel Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables IIa and IId.

BBU.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, U.S. International Air Passenger Statistics Report, Calendar Year 1995, (Washington, DC), tables IIa, IId.

CCNational Transportation Safety Board, Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/stats.htm as of Aug. 2001, tables 6 through 9.

DDIbid., personal communication.