Oil Pipeline Profile

Oil Pipeline Profile

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Financial 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Operating revenues ($ millions)                    
FERC-regulated d770 d1,188 d6,340 R,d7,164 R,d7,353 R7,751 R7,310 R,d7,278 R,d7,212 d7,645
Nonregulated 125 208 1,208 1,342 1,323 R1,326 R1,327 R1,354 R1,367 1,422
Total 895 1,396 7,548 R8,506 R8,676 R9,077 R8,637 R8,632 R8,579 9,067

Inventory 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Number of FERC-regulated companies e87 e101 e130 e150 e158 e161 e160 U U f184
Number of employees, pipeline companiesa g23,100 g17,600 g21,300 h18,500 h17,100 R,i15,100 i14,500 i14,200 i13,800 j13,060
Miles of pipeline (statute miles)b                    
Crude linesk 141,085 146,275 129,831 118,805 R103,277 R97,029 92,610 91,523 87,663 86,369
Product lines 49,859 72,396 88,562 89,947 R87,073 R84,883 84,925 88,350 90,985 91,094
All lines 190,944 218,671 218,393 208,752 R190,350 R181,912 177,535 179,873 178,648 177,463

Performance 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Intercity ton-miles (millions)                    
Crude oill N N 362,600 334,800 322,600 335,900 338,300 337,400 334,100 336,200
Petroleum products N N 225,600 249,300 268,800 265,200 280,900 279,100 285,700 286,800
Total m229,000 m431,000 588,200 584,100 591,400 601,100 619,200 616,500 619,800 623,000
Tons transported (millions) R,l468 R,l790.2 R921 1,057.4 R1,063.6 R1,080.6 R1,114.1 R1,108.0 R1,116.3 1,125.20
Average length of haul (statute miles)                    
Crude oil n325 n300 o871 R,o812 R,o778 R,o797 o779 R,o781 R,o767 o766
Petroleum products 269 357 414 R387 R414 R402 R413 R413 R420 418

Safety 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Fatalitiesp N 4 4 3 1 3 5 0 2 4
Injuried Persons N 21 15 7 c7 11 13 5 6 20
Incidents N 351 246 180 R245 188 R194 171 153 168

KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Includes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum, petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.

b Regulated plus unregulated mileage of crude oil trunk and gathering lines, plus refined oil trunk lines.

c Does not include the 1,851 injuries that required medical treatment, caused by severe flooding near Houston, Texas, reported for October, 1994.

NOTE: The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.

SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

d Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2000, with historical compendium 1939-1999 (Washington, DC: 2000), pp. 4-7.

e Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, personal communication.

f Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Internet site www.ferc.fed.us/oil/oil_list.htm as of June 21, 2001.

g U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-94 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 46.

h Ibid., Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: July 1996), SIC 46.

i Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov as of Apr. 19, 1999.

j Ibid., Internet site http://www.bls.gov/oes/1999/oesi2_46.htm as of July 3, 2001.

k Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2000, with historical compendium 1939-1999 (Washington, DC: 2000), p. 44.

l Ibid., pp. 28, 29.

m Ibid., Transportation in America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 44 and Transportation in America, Supplement, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999).

n Ibid., p. 71.

o Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2000, with historical compendium 1939-1999 (Washington, DC: 2000), p. 51.

p U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, available at Internet site http://ops.dot.gov/stats/lq_sum.htm as of May 31, 2002.