Rail Profile

Rail Profile

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Financial 1960 1970a 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Class Ib                    
Operating revenues ($ millions)                    
Passengerf 640 421 446 94 88 89 59 60 61 61
Freight 8,025 10,922 26,350 27,471 29,931 31,356 31,889 32,322 32,247 32,680
Other 849 649 1,462 805 790 835 745 736 843 780
Total 9,514 11,992 28,258 28,370 30,809 32,279 32,693 33,118 33,151 33,521
Operating expenses ($ millions)c 8,775 11,478 26,355 24,652 25,511 27,897 26,331 27,291 27,916 28,011
Amtrak                    
Total revenue ($ millions) N 162 429 h1308.4 R1,409 R,h1,490 R,h1,550 R,h1,669 R,h2,244 h2,011
Total expenses ($ millions) N 301 1,103 2,012 R2,367 R2,257 R2,258 R2,359 R2,548 2,660

Inventory 1960 1970a 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Class Ib                    
Number of vehicles                    
Class I freight cars 1,658,292 f1,423,921 f1,168,114 f658,902 f590,930 f583,486 f570,865 f568,493 f575,604 f579,140
Other nonclass I freight cars 307,194 360,260 542,713 553,359 601,482 635,441 669,708 701,926 740,063 789,696
Freight cars, total 1,965,486 1,784,181 1,710,827 1,212,261 1,192,412 1,218,927 1,240,573 1,270,419 1,315,667 1,368,836
Locomotives 29,031 27,077 28,094 18,835 18,505 18,812 19,269 19,684 20,261 20,256
Number of companies 106 71 38 14 12 11 10 9 9 9
Number of employees 780,494 566,282 458,994 216,424 189,962 188,215 181,809 177,981 178,222 177,557
Miles of road owned 207,334 196,479 164,822 119,758 109,332 108,264 105,779 102,128 100,570 99,430
Amtrak                    
Number of vehicles                    
Passenger                    
Train-cars N g1,569 g2,128 h1,863 h1,852 h1,722 h1,730 h1,728 h1,962 h1,992
Locomotives N 185 419 318 338 313 299 332 345 329
Number of employees N i1,500 i21,416 i24,000 25,049 23,646 g23,278 g23,555 f24,528 f25,291
System route mileage N N j24,000 j24,000 25,000 24,000 h25,000 h25,000 h22,000 h23,000

Performance 1960 1970a 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Class Ib                    
Car mileage, freight (thousands)f 28,170,000 29,890,000 29,277,000 26,159,000 28,485,000 30,383,000 31,715,000 31,660,000 32,657,000 33,851,000
Train mileage, freight (thousands) 404,464 427,065 428,498 379,582 440,896 458,271 468,792 474,954 474,947 490,442
Locomotive mileage (thousands)                    
Freightk 421,900 1,278,200 1,319,010 1,144,559 1,261,482 1,293,851 1,311,351 1,281,768 1,285,706 1,349,580
Train and yard switching N N 212,040 135,806 143,224 150,840 153,798 141,461 153,997 154,367
Total N N 1,531,050 1,280,365 1,404,706 1,444,691 1,465,149 1,423,229 1,439,703 1,503,947
Revenue ton-miles of freight (millions)f 572,309 764,809 918,958 1,033,969 1,200,701 1,305,688 1,355,975 1,348,926 1,376,802 1,433,461
Average length of haul, freight (miles) 461 515 616 726 817 843 842 851 835 835
Fuel consumed in freight service (million gallons) 3,463 3,545 3,904 3,115 3,334 3,480 3,579 3,575 3,583 3,715
Average miles traveled per vehicle                    
Locomotive N N 54,497 67,978 75,925 76,796 76,037 72,304 71,058 74,247
Car 14,332 16,753 17,113 21,579 23,889 24,926 25,565 24,921 24,822 24,730
Average miles traveled per gallon                    
Train 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
Car 8.13 8.43 7.50 8.40 8.54 8.73 8.86 8.86 9.11 9.11
Amtrak                    
Passenger train car-miles (millions) N l213 l235 l301 304 o292 o276 o288 o312 o342
Passenger train-miles (millions) N 26 30 33 R34 32 30 32 33 34
Passenger locomotive-miles (millions) N N 41 49 51 48 U U U U
Revenue passengers carried (millions) N 17 21 22 21 21 20 20 21 22
Revenue passenger-miles (millions) N 3,039 4,503 h6,057 h5,921 h5,545 h5,050 h5,166 h5,304 h5,330
Average passenger fare (dollars) N m8.3 17.7 38.5 38.2 39.0 42.5 44.3 44.0 45.7
Average passenger revenue/passenger-mile (cents) N 4.5 8.2 14.1 13.7 14.6 16.6 17.3 17.5 18.4
Average passenger trip length (miles) N 182.6 217.0 273.0 271.1 267.6 256.9 255.8 251.5 247.8
Locomotive fuel consumed                    
Diesel (million gallons) N N 64 82 U p66 p71.2 p75 p75 p74
Electric kWh (millions) N N 254 330 U 304 293 282 275 283

Safetyd,n 1960 1970a 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Number of fatalities, railroads and grade crossings                    
Passenger on trains 34 10 4 3 5 0 12 6 4 14
Employees on duty 215 179 97 40 31 34 33 37 27 31
Employees not on duty N N 4 0 0 2 0 0 2 0
Trespassers 637 607 566 700 682 660 620 646 644 572
Nontrespassers 1,459 1,535 R746 R554 505 443 365 363 326 303
Contractor employees N N 7 3 3 7 9 11 5 12
Railroad and grade crossing, total 2,345 2,225 1,417 1,297 1,226 1,146 1,039 1,063 1,008 932
Grade crossing only 1,421 1,440 R772 698 615 579 488 461 431 402
Railroad onlye 924 785 R645 599 611 567 551 602 577 530

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Amtrak data in this column are for 1972, Amtrak's first full year of operation.

b Excluding Amtrak and all non-Class I railroads, except for Section IV.

c Operating expenses include equipment, joint facility rents, leased roads and equipment, and all taxes except Federal income.

d Safety figures from U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration are for all railroads.

e Figures may not appear directly in data source.

NOTE: Amtrak figures are based on Amtrak fiscal year (October 1-September 30).

SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

f Association of American Railroads (AAR), Railroad Facts, Annual issues, 1990-1999, pp. 3, 10, 12, 13, 14, 27, 33, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 50, 77.

g Amtrak, National Railroad Passenger Corporation Annual Report,1972, 1980, 1990, 1993-95.

h Ibid., Statistical Appendix to Amtrak Annual Report, Annual issues.

i Ibid., Public Affairs, personal communication.

j Ibid., Route Miles by Railroad, Corp. Planning & Development.

k Association of American Railroads (AAR), Analysis of Class 1 Railroads, Annual issues.

l Amtrak, Train Information System Reports.

m Ibid., Train Earnings Reports.

n 1960-80: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Systems Support Division, RRS-22, personal communication.

1990-94: Ibid., Accident/Incident Bulletin,annual issues, tables 7 and 9.

1995-99: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics, Annual Report 2000, table 1-3.

o Amtrak Corporate Reporting, Route Profitability System, Washington D.C., personal communication, August 2001.

p Amtrak General Acounting, Pennsylvania, personal communication, June 1999.