Truck Profile

Truck Profile

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Financial 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Operating revenues, totala,g (based on SIC) ($ millions) N N N 127,314 155,713 161,806 172,743 183,153 N N
Local trucking N N N 31,397 40,903 43,830 46,589 49,972 N N
Trucking, except local N N N 74,465 89,369 91,675 97,586 103,847 N N
Local trucking with storage N N N 4,115 4,757 5,154 5,502 5,860 N N
Courier services, except by air N N N 17,337 20,684 21,147 23,066 23,474 N N
Operating expenses, totala (based on SIC) ($ millions) N N N 118,968 145,216 151,628 162,825 170,998 N N
Local trucking N N N 28,049 36,455 38,695 41,325 43,871 N N
Trucking, except local N N N 70,965 84,682 88,061 94,390 98,570 N N
Local trucking with storage N N N 3,885 4,543 4,817 5,121 5,439 N N
Courier services, except by air N N N 16,069 19,536 20,055 21,989 23,118 N N
Operating revenues, totalf,h (based on NAICS) ($ millions) N N N N N N N N 195,706 209,438
Truck transportation N N N N N N N N 150,816 162,083
Couriers messengers N N N N N N N N 44,890 47,355
Truck highway-user taxes ($ millions)                    
Statei 1,709 3,429 6,731 12,691 13,157 13,844 U 15,750 15,611 16,266
Federal 1,121 2,203 3,157 6,665 10,679 11,273 U 12,260 13,086 14,236
Totalb 2,830 5,632 9,888 19,356 23,836 R25,117 U 28,010 28,697 30,502

Inventory 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Number of truck registrations                    
Single-unit truck N j3,681,405 j4,373,784 j4,486,981 j4,906,385 k5,023,670 k5,266,029 k5,293,358 k5,734,925 k5,762,864
Combination truck N 905,082 1,416,869 1,708,895 1,681,500 1,695,751 1,746,586 1,789,968 1,997,345 2,028,562
Total o11,914,249 905,082 1,416,869 1,708,895 1,681,500 1,695,751 7,012,615 1,789,968 1,997,345 7,791,426
Number of employees                    
Trucking and courier services, except air N l998,500 l1,182,000 l1,273,900 m1,384,200 m1,440,000 R,m1,482,100 m1,514,200 m1,568,800 m1,613,700
Truck drivers and deliverymenn 1,477,000 1,565,000 1,931,000 2,148,000 2,321,000 2,861,000 2,542,000 2,602,000 R3,012,000 3,116,000
Number of trucking and  courier establishmentsa,o N 64,756 69,796 90,709 108,971 112,887 116,861 121,111 U U

Performance 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Vehicle-miles (millions)                    
Rural highway                    
Rural interstate N p10,069 p25,111 p35,789 p40,034 k43,351 k45,721 k49,336 k49,896 k51,049
Rural other arterial N 17,625 24,789 31,331 35,040 37,056 37,875 39,193 39,724 40,691
Other rural roads N 11,550 18,876 22,572 25,791 25,624 25,884 26,169 25,522 26,201
All rural roads p84,508 29,175 43,665 53,903 60,831 62,680 109,480 114,698 115,142 117,941
Urban highwayc                    
Urban interstate N 5,634 13,135 22,163 25,045 25,639 26,256 28,549 30,193 32,286
Other urban streets N 17,337 26,580 34,387 44,306 46,486 47,235 48,230 51,045 52,461
All urban streets 42,896 22,971 39,715 56,550 69,351 72,125 73,491 76,779 81,238 84,747
Total rural and urban highway 127,405 52,146 83,380 110,453 130,182 134,805 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688
Passenger-milese (millions)                    
Single-unit truckd 98,551 27,081 39,813 51,901 61,284 62,705 64,072 66,893 68,021 70,304
Combination truck 28,854 35,134 68,678 94,341 108,932 115,451 118,899 124,584 128,359 132,384
All trucks 127,405 62,215 108,491 146,242 170,216 178,156 182,971 191,477 R196,380 202,688
Ton-miles, intercityq (millions) 285,000 412,000 555,000 735,000 908,000 921,000 972,000 996,000 1,027,000 1,093,000
Fuel consumed (million gallons)                    
Single-unit truck N j3,968 j6,923 j8,357 j9,032 k9,216 k9,409 k9,576 k6,817 k9,372
Combination truck N 7,348 13,037 16,133 18,653 19,777 20,192 20,302 25,158 24,537
All trucks j15,882 11,316 19,960 24,490 18,653 28,993 29,601 29,878 31,975 33,909
Average fuel consumption per vehicle (gallons)                    
Single-unit truck N 1,078 1,583 1,862 1,841 1,835 1,787 1,809 1,189 1,626
Combination truck N 8,119 9,201 9,441 11,093 11,663 11,561 11,342 12,596 12,096
All trucks 1,333 2,467 3,447 3,953 4,202 4,315 4,221 4,218 4,135 4,352
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed                    
Single-unit truck N 6.8 5.8 6.2 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0 10.0 7.5
Combination truck N 4.8 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.1 5.4
All trucks 8.0 5.5 5.4 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.0
Average miles traveled per vehicle                    
Single-unit truck N 7,356 9,103 11,567 12,491 12,482 R12,167 R12,637 11,861 12,199
Combination truck N 38,819 48,472 55,206 64,783 68,083 R68,075 R69,601 64,265 65,260
All trucks 10,693 13,565 18,736 23,603 25,838 26,514 R26,092 R27,032 25,397 26,014
Average length of haul (domestic freight)r (miles) 272 263 363 391 392 416 426 435 R442 458

Safety 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Occupant fatalities                    
Light trucks N N 7,486 8,601 8,904 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 11,265
Large truck N N 1,262 705 670 648 621 723 742 759
All trucks N N 8,748 9,306 9,574 10,216 10,553 10,972 11,447 12,024
Occupant fatality rate                    
Per 100 million vehicle-miles                    
Light truck N N 2.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Large truck N N 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
All trucks N N 2.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Per 10,000 registered vehicles                    
Light truck N N 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Large truck N N 2.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
All trucks N N 2.4 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)                    
Per 100 million vehicle-miles                    
Light truck N N 4.3 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Large truck N N 5.0 3.3 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
All trucks N N 4.5 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Per 10,000 registered vehicles                    
Light truck N N 4.2 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Large truck N N 9.3 7.7 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.4 6.3
All trucks N N 5.0 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.2 R3.2 R3.2 3.1

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

aLocal trucking (SIC 4212) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing trucking or transfer services without storage for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.

Trucking, except Local (SIC 4213) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing "over-the-road" trucking services or trucking services and storage services, including household goods either as common carriers or under special or individual contracts or agreements, for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.

Local trucking, without Storage (SIC 4214) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing both trucking and storage services, including household goods.

Courier Services, except by Air (SIC 4215) - Establishments primarily engaged in the delivery of individually addressed letters, parcels, and packages (generally under 100 pounds).

b Numbers may not equal totals due to rounding.

c Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.

d Includes other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle in 1960.

e Highway passenger-miles are calculated by multiplying vehicle miles of travel as cited by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by the average number of occupants for each vehicle type as estimated by the FHWA using the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey.

fTruck transportation (NAICS 484) - Industries primarily engaged in over-the-road transportation of cargo using motor vehicles, truck-tractors, and trailers.

Couriers and messengers (NAICS 492) - Establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined courier delivery services of parcels or primilarily engaged in furnishing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan area or urban center.

NOTE: In 1995, FHWA revised its vehicle type categories. These new categories include passenger car, other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck, and combination truck. Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles include vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles. In previous years, some minivans and sport/utility vehicles were included in the passenger car category. Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks are on a single frame with at least 2 axles and 6 tires.

SOURCES: Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

g U.S. Census Bureau, Transportation Annual Survey (Washington, DC: December 1998), table 1.

h Ibid., Service Annual Survey, 1999 (Washington, DC: July 2001), table 2.2.

i American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

j U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.

k Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.

l U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 421.

m Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov as of Aug. 17, 2001. (Code: 414210).

n Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 35.

o U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 1b (SIC 421).

p U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201.

q Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 12.

r Ibid., p. 51.

s U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), tables 3, 8, and 9.