Table 1-51: Growth of Freight Activity in the United States: Comparison of the 1993 and 1997 Commodity Flow Surveys

Table 1-51: Growth of Freight Activity in the United States: Comparison of the 1993 and 1997 Commodity Flow Surveys

Excel | CSV

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles
1993 (billion $ 1997) 1997 (billion $ 1997) Percent change 1993 (millions) 1997 (millions) Percent change 1993 (billions) 1997 (billions) Percent change
TOTAL all modes 6,360.8 6,944.0 9.2 9,688.5 11,089.7 14.5 2,420.9 2,661.4 9.9
Single modes, total 5,376.3 5,719.6 6.4 8,922.3 10,436.5 17.0 2,136.9 2,383.5 11.5
Trucka 4,791.0 4,981.5 4.0 6,385.9 7,700.7 20.6 869.5 1,023.5 17.7
For-hire truck 2,856.1 2,901.3 1.6 2,808.3 3,402.6 21.2 629.0 741.1 17.8
Private truckb 1,910.4 2,036.5 6.6 3,543.5 4,137.3 16.8 235.9 268.6 13.9
Rail 269.2 319.6 18.7 1,544.1 1,549.8 0.4 942.6 1,022.5 8.5
Water 67.1 75.8 13.1 505.4 563.4 11.5 272.0 261.7 -3.8
Shallow draft 44.3 53.9 21.7 362.5 414.8 14.4 164.4 189.3 15.2
Great Lakes 1.3 1.5 15.4 33.0 38.4 16.4 12.4 13.4 8.2
Deep draft 21.5 20.4 -4.9 109.9 110.2 0.2 95.2 59.0 -38.0
Air (includes truck and air) 151.3 229.1 51.4 3.1 4.5 42.6 4.0 6.2 55.5
Pipelinec 97.8 113.5 16.1 483.6 618.2 27.8 S S S
Multiple modes, total 720.9 945.9 31.2 225.7 216.7 -4.0 191.5 204.5 6.8
Parcel, U.S. Postal Service or courier 612.8 855.9 39.7 18.9 23.7 25.4 13.2 18.0 36.8
Truck and rail 90.4 75.7 -16.3 40.6 54.2 33.5 37.7 55.6 47.5
Truck and water 10.2 8.2 -19.4 68.0 33.2 -51.2 40.6 34.8 -14.4
Rail and water 4.0 1.8 -55.2 79.2 79.3 0.1 70.2 77.6 10.5
Other multiple modes 3.5 4.3 22.0 18.9 26.2 38.6 S 18.6 S
Other / unknown modes, total 263.6 278.6 5.7 540.5 436.5 -19.2 92.6 73.4 -20.7

KEY: S = data are not published because of high sampling variability or other reasons.

a Truck as a single mode includes shipments that went by private truck only, for-hire truck only, or a combination of both.

b Private truck refers to a truck operated by a temporary or permanent employee of an establishment or the buyer/receiver of the shipment.

c Excludes most shipments of crude oil.

NOTE

Numbers may not add to totals due to roundings.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census, Transportation, 1997 Commodity Flow Survey (Washington, DC: December 1999), table 1b; the Bureau of Transportation Statistics converted the value of 1993 commodities from 1993 current dollars to 1997 constant dollars using Bureau of Economic Analysis chain-type price deflators.