Table 2-18: Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Vehicle-Miles, and Associated Rates by Highway Functional System

Table 2-18: Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Vehicle-Miles, and Associated Rates by Highway Functional System

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Fatalities                  
Rural, total 29,545 24,492 25,786 23,978 24,510 24,811 24,751 25,185 23,640
Interstate 2,263 2,141 2,707 2,675 2,905 3,040 3,105 3,244 3,199
Other arterialsa 12,268 9,940 9,893 9,947 9,458 9,678 9,594 9,573 8,913
Collectorb 10,004 8,209 8,852 7,401 7,481 7,643 7,593 7,595 7,147
Local 5,010 4,202 4,334 3,955 4,666 4,450 4,459 4,773 4,381
Urban, total 21,546 19,333 18,813 17,839 17,555 16,758 16,143 15,970 15,695
Interstate 2,184 2,025 2,252 2,154 2,323 2,292 2,283 2,353 2,388
Other arterialsa 12,752 12,521 11,742 10,916 10,756 10,239 9,902 9,628 9,442
Collector 2,226 1,696 1,427 1,441 1,290 1,163 1,037 1,031 987
Local 4,384 3,091 3,392 3,328 3,186 3,064 2,921 2,958 2,878
Vehicle-miles of travel (VMT) (millions)                  
Rural, total 672,030 730,728 868,878 933,289 960,194 1,001,350 1,033,457 1,062,623 1,084,961
Interstate 135,084 154,357 200,173 223,382 232,565 240,255 251,520 260,166 268,960
Other arterialsa 262,774 282,803 330,866 368,595 378,847 392,058 403,484 413,320 420,569
Collectorb 189,468 206,669 240,460 236,148 241,030 254,364 257,858 264,453 267,521
Local 84,704 86,899 97,379 105,164 107,752 114,673 120,595 124,684 127,911
Urban, total 855,265 1,044,098 1,275,484 1,489,534 1,523,886 1,560,345 1,598,065 1,626,618 1,664,842
Interstate 161,242 216,188 278,901 341,528 351,579 361,401 374,622 382,259 393,580
Other arterialsa 484,189 578,270 699,233 815,170 834,623 846,659 862,994 878,153 900,161
Collector 83,043 89,578 106,297 126,929 129,310 130,143 131,919 131,603 135,371
Local 126,791 160,062 191,053 205,907 208,374 222,142 228,530 234,603 235,730
Fatality rates per 100 million vehicle miles                  
Rural, total 4.40 3.35 2.97 2.57 2.55 2.49 2.40 2.37 2.18
Interstate 1.68 1.39 1.35 1.20 1.25 1.26 1.23 1.25 1.19
Other arterialsa 4.67 3.51 2.99 2.70 2.50 2.50 2.38 2.32 2.12
Collectorb 5.28 3.97 3.68 3.13 3.10 2.98 2.94 2.87 2.67
Local 5.91 4.84 4.45 3.76 4.33 3.95 3.73 3.83 3.43
Urban, total 2.52 1.85 1.47 1.20 1.15 1.10 1.01 0.98 0.94
Interstate 1.35 0.94 0.81 0.63 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.61 0.61
Other arterialsa 2.63 2.17 1.68 1.34 1.29 1.21 1.15 1.10 1.05
Collector 2.68 1.89 1.34 1.14 1.00 1.07 0.79 0.78 0.73
Local 3.46 1.93 1.78 1.62 1.53 1.47 1.29 1.26 1.22

KEY: R = revised.

a For urban: the sum of other freeways and expressways, other principal arterials, and minor arterials.

For rural: the sum of other principal arterials and minor arterials.

b Collector is the sum of major and minor collectors (rural only).

NOTES

Includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Fatality figures reflect original figures received by FHWA from NHTSA, and, when totaled, differ slightly from the revised NHTSA figures that appear in other tables in this volume.

SOURCES

Fatalities:

1980-95: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of Oct. 25, 2000.

1996-97: Ibid., Highway Statistics, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of January 2003, table FI 1.

1998-2001: Ibid., Highway Statistics, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/hs01/fi20.htm as of January 2003, table FI-20.

Vehicle miles:

1980-95: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-202.

1996-2001: Ibid., Highway Statistics, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of January 2003, table VM-2.

Fatality rates:

Calculated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.