Table 2-20: Occupant and Nonmotorist Fatalities in Crashes by Number of Vehicles and Alcohol Involvement (AI)

Table 2-20: Occupant and Nonmotorist Fatalities in Crashes by Number of Vehicles and Alcohol Involvement (AI)

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  1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Fatal RAI Fatal RAI Fatal RAI Fatal AI Fatal RAI Fatal RAI Fatal RAI Fatal RAI Fatal AI
TOTAL fatalities 43,825 23,168 44,599 22,589 41,508 20,158 39,250 R18,290 40,150 17,908 40,716 17,308 41,817 17,732 42,063 17,749 42,013 R16,711
Percent of total fatalities   53%   51%   49%   R47%   45%   43%   42%   42%   R40%
Motorist fatalities, total 36,043 19,271 37,134 18,953 34,740 16,917 32,880 R15,301 33,574 14,857 34,318 14,437 35,291 14,796 35,695 14,830 35,725 R14,051
Single-vehicle crashes 17,130 10,882 18,159 11,162 17,280 10,208 15,958 R9,045 15,932 8,761 15,997 8,330 16,732 8,868 16,723 8,781 16,529 R8,244
Two-vehicle crashes 16,467 7,296 16,262 6,676 15,025 5,821 14,449 R5,341 15,161 5,205 15,664 5,219 15,744 5,017 15,935 5,084 16,218 R4,904
More than two-vehicle crashes 2,446 1,093 2,713 1,115 2,435 888 2,473 R916 2,481 891 2,657 888 2,815 911 3,037 965 2,978 R904
Nonmotorist fatalities, total 7,782 3,897 7,465 3,636 6,768 3,241 6,370 R2,989 6,576 3,051 6,398 2,871 6,526 2,936 6,368 2,919 6,288 R2,660
Pedestrians fatalities, total 6,808 3,575 6,482 3,264 5,801 2,891 5,549 R2,721 5,649 2,735 5,489 2,578 5,584 2,607 5,449 2,593 5,321 R2,350
Pedestrians, single-vehicle crashes 6,342 3,278 5,990 2,966 5,302 2,588 5,099 R2,454 5,180 2,464 5,027 2,308 R5,110 2,364 5,024 2,358 4,876 R2,112
Pedestrians, multiple-vehicle crashes 466 297 492 298 499 303 450 R267 469 271 462 270 474 243 425 235 445 R239
Pedalcyclists fatalities, total 890 284 859 315 843 305 723 R228 816 279 802 262 833 290 765 265 814 R252
Pedalcyclists, single-vehicle crashes 864 271 832 301 815 296 690 R211 792 264 781 252 807 279 739 253 788 R244
Pedalcyclists, multiple-vehicle crashes 26 13 27 14 28 9 33 R17 24 15 21 10 26 11 26 12 26 8
Others / unknown 84 38 124 57 124 45 98 39 111 37 107 31 109 39 154 61 153 R58

KEY: AI = Alcohol involvement; Fatal = fatalities; R = revised.

NOTES

Alcohol involvement pertains to any driver, pedestrian, or pedalcyclist involved in the accident. Alcohol results are determined from positive blood alcohol concentration tests and police-reported alcohol involvement and are adjusted by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

In 2001, NHTSA adopted a new method to estimate missing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test result data. This new method, multiple imputation, is being used by NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) to improve the scope of alcohol involvement statistics by the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). As a result of the methodology change, alcohol involvement fatalities have undergone a complete revision.

SOURCE

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Database, personal communication, Sept. 10, 2002.