Table 3-7: Passenger and Freight Transportation Expenditures (Current $ millions)

Table 3-7: Passenger and Freight Transportation Expenditures (Current $ millions)

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
TOTAL passenger and freight transportation expenditures 107,461 146,523 195,871 299,221 569,879 780,232 967,747 946,924 1,001,871 1,061,218 1,138,107 1,202,511 1,267,010 1,341,796 1,395,875 1,498,672
PASSENGER transportation expenditures, total 59,694 81,592 111,893 183,382 356,143 506,620 616,797 591,715 626,791 664,883 717,787 759,194 799,807 846,731 867,445 936,917
Highway, total 55,099 74,967 100,577 163,025 314,722 451,825 537,840 513,069 546,971 583,977 635,195 669,630 709,738 745,726 762,367 827,468
Highway, auto purchases and ownershipa 51,610 71,064 94,978 152,238 297,128 426,796 507,308 481,929 514,970 551,558 601,206 631,653 672,416 706,064 722,484 787,407
Local, bus and transitb 1,337 1,454 1,841 4,697 9,297 13,548 16,721 17,356 18,012 18,794 20,082 21,647 21,318 21,932 21,445 21,702
Local, taxi 1,107 1,113 1,740 2,900 2,755 3,770 4,030 4,030 4,030 4,340 4,650 4,960 5,425 5,735 6,355 6,200
Local, school bus 486 707 1,219 2,174 3,833 5,722 8,031 7,879 8,060 7,618 7,847 9,889 9,082 10,353 10,326 10,340
Intercity, bus 559 629 799 1,016 1,709 1,989 1,750 1,875 1,899 1,667 1,410 1,481 1,497 1,642 1,757 1,819
Air totalc 3,555 5,682 10,565 18,851 38,135 50,319 73,045 72,841 73,780 74,123 76,146 81,155 82,331 93,268 97,358 101,750
Rail totald 759 598 464 1,212 2,976 3,875 4,521 4,414 4,571 5,278 4,882 6,693 5,895 5,763 5,691 5,611
Water total (includes international) 281 345 287 294 310 601 1,391 1,391 1,469 1,505 1,564 1,716 1,843 1,974 2,029 2,088
FREIGHT transportation expenditures, total 47,767 64,931 83,978 115,839 213,736 273,612 350,950 355,209 375,080 396,335 420,320 443,317 467,203 495,065 528,430 561,755
Highway, total 32,289 47,477 62,494 84,843 155,331 205,645 270,776 274,381 292,930 311,878 330,716 348,109 368,545 396,668 427,231 456,781
Local, truck 14,289 23,779 28,819 37,287 60,545 82,200 108,350 109,650 116,000 122,050 125,712 128,352 132,973 138,727 144,276 152,067
Intercity bus 42 70 122 156 235 245 126 131 130 128 128 130 132 134 141 151
Intercity truck 17,958 23,628 33,553 47,400 94,551 123,200 162,300 164,600 176,800 189,700 204,876 219,627 235,440 257,807 282,814 304,563
Air (domestic and international) total 354 708 1,171 1,838 4,013 6,817 13,706 14,353 14,950 15,805 17,249 18,755 20,448 22,831 24,222 25,277
Rail total 9,028 9,923 11,869 16,509 27,858 29,150 30,067 30,003 30,473 30,775 33,121 34,360 35,059 35,349 35,294 35,893
Water total 3,487 3,903 5,257 8,221 15,498 18,448 20,121 20,306 19,895 20,768 21,150 22,709 24,564 21,031 22,503 24,494
Oil pipeline total 895 1,051 1,396 2,220 7,548 8,910 8,506 8,095 8,548 8,470 8,676 9,077 8,637 8,632 8,579 9,067
Other totale 1,714 1,869 1,791 2,208 3,488 4,642 7,774 8,071 8,284 8,639 9,408 10,307 9,950 10,554 10,601 10,243

a Includes business expenditures for passenger cars.

b Includes federal / state operating subsidies, and federal capital grants. Beginning in 1994, includes taxes levied directly by transit agencies and local subsidies such as bridge and tunnel tolls, and nontransit parking lot funds.

c Air includes aircraft and operating costs, plus domestic and international air passenger federal excise taxes.

d Data from 1980 include federal / state / local operating subsidies and capital grants.

Figures also include federal operating subsidies and capital grants for Amtrak and the Northeast Corridor.

e Domestic freight forwarder's revenues after payment to live-haul carriers plus other shipper costs such as loading and unloading freight cars.

SOURCE

Passenger and freight:

1960-99: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2001 (Washington, DC: 2000), pp. 4-11.