Table 4-44: Estimated National Emissions of Particulate Matter (PM-2.5)a (Million short tons)

Table 4-44: Estimated National Emissions of Particulate Matter (PM-2.5)a (Million short tons)

Excel | CSV

  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Total all sourcesR 7.65 7.43 7.32 7.25 7.65 7.01 6.72 7.04 6.74 7.08 7.75
Transportation, total 2.68 R2.72 R2.68 2.75 2.75 2.50 2.38 2.48 2.46 R2.44 2.41
On-road vehicles 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.23 0.21
Aircraft 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 R<0.01 R<0.01 R<0.01 R<0.01 <0.01
Railroads 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Marine vessels 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 R0.06 R0.06 R0.06 R0.06 0.06
Other off-roadb 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 R0.05 R0.05 R0.05 0.04 0.04
Transportation-related fugitive dust                      
Unpaved roads 1.69 1.68 1.64 1.72 1.71 1.56 1.37 1.43 1.41 R1.38 1.38
Paved roads 0.56 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63 R0.58 0.60 0.65 0.67 R0.69 0.69
Nontransportation, total 4.97 4.71 4.64 4.52 4.91 4.51 4.34 4.57 4.29 4.64 5.34
Fuel combustion 0.91 0.89 0.93 0.85 0.84 0.90 R0.74 R0.74 R0.71 R0.72 0.76
Industrial processesc 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.39 0.40
Waste disposal and recycling 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.29 0.27 0.25 R0.50 R0.50 R0.50 R0.50 0.51
MiscellaneousR,d 3.27 3.00 2.89 2.87 3.30 2.86 2.73 2.94 2.69 3.03 3.66

KEY: R = revised.

a Particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in size.

b Other off-road comprises nonroad gasoline- and diesel-powered recreational, airport service and railway maintenance vehicles, and recreational marine vessels.

c Industrial processes comprises chemical and allied product manufacturing, metals processing, petroleum and related industries, and other industrial processes; solvent utilization; and storage and transportation.

d Miscellaneous comprises nonroad gasoline- and diesel-powered construction, industrial, lawn and garden, farm, light-commercial, logging vehicles and other non-road sources; geogenic sources, agriculture and forestry, cooling towers, nontransportation-related fugitive dust, wildfires, managed burning, and other fugitive dust and combustion that could not accurately be allocated to specific source categories.

NOTES

The emissions estimates shown here are those that are directly emitted, which represent only a portion of the total PM-2.5 emissions found in the air. Secondary formation of fine particulates resulting from emissions of nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds, and other substances, is also a significant source of PM-2.5.

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

The methodologies used to estimate emissions constantly evolve and undergo major changes. Improved methods are often used to revise estimates for previous years. Therefore, some estimates in this table may not match estimates produced in previous reports, and some trends may not be consistent across years in which major changes in methodology have occurred.

SOURCE 1990-2000: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Current Emission Trends Summaries, available at internet website http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/trends00/trends2000.pdf as of Oct. 17, 2002.