Table 4-45: Estimated National Emissions of Sulfur Dioxide (Million short tons)

Table 4-45: Estimated National Emissions of Sulfur Dioxide (Million short tons)

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  1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
TOTAL all sources 31.16 28.01 25.91 23.66 23.68 19.19 R19.45 R19.94 R20.06 R19.35 18.20
Transportation, total 0.49 0.59 0.70 0.73 0.94 0.67 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.25
On-road vehicles 0.41 0.50 0.52 0.52 0.56 0.31 0.34 0.35 0.36 R0.37 0.31
Off-road, total 0.08 0.09 0.18 0.21 0.38 0.36 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.94
Aircraft < 0.01 < 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Railroads 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.11 R0.06 R0.06 R0.06 R0.06 0.06
Marine vessels 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.14 0.25 0.24 R0.89 R0.89 R0.89 R0.89 0.87
Nontransportation, total 30.67 27.41 25.20 22.92 22.74 R18.51 R18.15 R18.63 18.18 R18.03 16.95
Fuel combustion 23.46 22.66 21.39 20.02 20.29 16.23 16.23 16.65 16.75 R16.03 14.88
Industrial processesa 7.09 4.68 3.77 2.43 1.86 1.59 1.38 1.43 1.43 R1.42 1.46
Waste disposal and recycling 0.01 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.05 R0.03 R0.03 R0.03 R0.03 0.04
Miscellaneousb 0.11 0.02 0.01 0.44 R0.54 R0.64 0.51 0.52 R0.54 R0.54 0.57

KEY: R = revised.

a Industrial processes comprises chemical and allied product manufacturing, metals processing, petroleum and related industries, and other industrial processes; solvent utilization; and storage and transport.

b Miscellaneous comprises nontransportation-related fugitive dust, nonroad gasoline, nonroad diesel, other nonroad sources and other miscellaneous combustion that could not be accurately allocated to specific source categories.

NOTES

The methodologies used to estimate emissions constantly evolve and undergo major changes. These improved methods are often used to revise estimates for previous years. Therefore, some estimates in this table may not match estimates produced in previous reports, and some trends may not be consistent across years in which major methodology changes have occurred.

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES

1970, 1975: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Air Quality and Emissions Trends Report: 1999 (EPA-454/R-01-004) (Research Triangle Park, NC: March 2001), table A-2; available at Internet website http://www.epa.gov/oar/aqtrnd99/toc.html as of Sept. 5, 2001.

1980, 1985 and 1990-2000: Ibid, Current Emission Trends Summaries, available at internet website http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/trends/trends00/trends2000.pdf as of Oct. 17, 2002.

1986-89: Ibid, National Emission Trends Source Reports Database, available at Internet website www.epa.gov/air/data/nettier.html as of Sept. 5, 2001.