Air Carrier Profile of Reporting U.S. Carriers

Air Carrier Profile of Reporting U.S. Carriers

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FINANCIAL 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 R2000 P2001
Operating revenues, total MNLR ($ thousands) 2,884,277 9,289,658 32,882,441 75,950,863 88,313,422 94,318,533 101,937,346 109,567,602 113,465,078 119,038,452 130,299,258 115,019,000
Domestic MNLR a,b 2,178,339 7,180,161 26,440,297 57,960,508 65,948,993 70,885,050 76,890,526 82,249,568 86,493,789 90,931,479 98,895,837 86,208,701
Majors, all services 3 1,942,635 3 6,272,775 7 23,012,073 14 53,333,552 14 59,846,676 14 64,317,169 14 70,036,709 14 74,942,391 14 77,650,810 14 82,615,015 14 89,290,585 14 78,610,562
Nationals, all services 146,481 736,831 3,182,418 15 4,167,552 15 5,465,021 15 5,935,773 15 5,990,391 15 6,163,458 15 8,113,690 15 7,789,636 15 9,104,701 15 7,147,710
Large regionals, all services N N 245,806 16 459,404 16 637,296 16 632,108 16 863,426 16 1,143,719 16 729,289 16 526,828 16 500,551 16 450,429
International MNLR 705,938 2,109,497 6,442,144 17,990,355 22,364,429 23,433,483 25,046,820 27,318,034 26,971,289 28,106,973 31,403,421 28,810,299
Majors, all services 705,938 2,109,497 8 5,976,221 14 16,761,376 14 19,222,842 14 19,892,111 14 21,524,274 14 23,608,853 14 23,356,233 14 24,671,152 14 28,100,884 14 25,872,642
Nationals, all services N N 465,923 15 901,352 15 2,697,137 15 3,282,606 15 3,326,467 15 3,376,014 15 3,161,212 15 3,142,217 15 2,909,590 15 2,483,359
Large regionals, all services N N N 16 327,627 16 444,450 16 258,766 16 196,079 16 333,166 16 453,844 16 293,604 16 392,947 16 454,298
Operating expenses, total MNLR ($ thousands) 2,717,754 9,067,273 33,108,094 77,867,566 85,599,958 88,454,956 95,728,276 100,980,807 104,137,267 110,635,417 123,314,280 125,058,578
Domestic MNLRa 2,052,094 7,001,668 26,465,999 58,953,086 63,757,937 66,119,699 71,573,073 75,731,215 78,388,515 84,328,320 93,578,562 94,302,619
Majors, all services 1,907,785 6,256,039 7 23,150,527 14 54,209,401 14 57,824,115 14 59,721,080 14 64,793,763 14 68,307,270 14 70,114,852 14 76,506,077 14 84,208,514 14 86,375,906
Nationals, all services 144,309 745,629 3,058,289 15 4,297,823 15 5,285,783 15 5,750,372 15 5,847,797 15 6,163,923 15 7,500,451 15 7,299,934 15 8,824,795 15 7,441,752
Large regionals, all services N N 257,183 16 445,862 16 648,039 16 648,247 16 931,513 16 1,260,021 16 773,212 16 522,309 16 545,253 16 484,961
International MNLR 665,660 2,065,605 6,642,095 18,914,480 21,842,021 22,335,257 24,155,203 25,249,593 25,748,752 26,307,097 29,735,718 30,755,959
Majors, all services 665,660 2,065,605 8 6,171,366 14 17,746,006 14 18,875,302 14 19,061,258 14 20,807,517 14 21,688,642 14 22,321,441 14 23,218,938 14 26,645,342 14 27,655,517
Nationals, all services N N 470,729 15 853,361 15 2,503,462 15 3,025,707 15 3,166,097 15 3,253,249 15 3,014,282 15 2,815,341 15 2,659,021 15 2,622,724
Large regionals, all services N N N 16 315,113 16 463,257 16 248,292 16 181,589 16 307,702 16 413,029 16 272,819 16 431,355 16 477,718

 

INVENTORY c 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 R2000 P2001
Number of large carriersd 55 39 66 59 80 89 90 82 80 82 R76 69
Majors N N 14 12 11 11 12 13 13 13 14 15
Nationals N N 18 15 23 27 31 31 27 31 R33 27
Regionals N N 34 32 46 51 47 38 40 38 29 27
Number of large carrier aircraft available for service2 2,135 2,690 2,818 4,727 5,221 5,567 5,961 5,770 6,144 6,254 6,522 6,081
Majors N N 2,071 3,854 4,085 4,039 4,422 4,352 4,605 4,711 5,118 4,996
Nationals N N 432 650 819 1,143 1,167 967 1,113 1,319 1,182 952
Regionals N N 315 223 317 385 372 451 426 224 222 133
Number of employees                        
Total domestic and international1 169,872 304,690 354,264 588,926 585,427 610,363 634,866 656,243 696,408 728,495 732,049 653,488
Majors 118,189 214,021 318,973 549,100 526,379 533,313 564,631 597,953 623,389 650,267 672,294 607,857
Nationals 12,470 24,913 29,922 32,077 46,670 59,444 56,586 47,662 59,620 68,138 56,056 41,865
Regionals N N 5,369 7,749 12,378 17,606 13,649 10,628 13,399 10,090 3,699 3,766

 

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 R2000 P2001
Aircraft revenue-miles (thousands)                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers, all servicesa 4 858,451 4 2,067,598 9 2,523,375 17 3,963,263 17 4,379,830 17 4,629,394 17 4,811,453 17 4,910,948 17 5,034,691 17 5,332,483 17 5,664,281 17 5,549,881
Major, all servicesa 716,961 1,778,065 2,113,669 18 3,547,339 18 3,760,064 18 3,953,287 18 4,083,664 18 4,191,113 18 4,260,052 18 4,598,092 18 4,784,663 18 4,676,556
Nationals, all servicesa 94,794 247,055 330,528 19 351,946 19 519,312 19 569,641 19 614,519 19 594,241 19 702,913 19 668,646 19 813,061 19 815,036
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 56,995 20 60,542 20 78,573 20 85,363 20 96,573 20 112,682 20 51,199 20 47,438 20 52,941 20 33,365
International                        
Large carriers, all servicesa 181,605 474,666 10 400,971 21 760,338 21 979,765 21 997,658 21 1,043,313 21 1,113,816 21 1,192,489 21 1,225,218 21 1,281,706 21 1,258,047
Major, all servicesa N N 330,391 22 666,231 22 809,242 22 822,283 22 859,483 22 917,109 22 1,003,726 22 1,053,219 22 1,117,712 22 1,117,172
Nationals, all servicesa N N 66,499 23 48,812 23 119,839 23 141,870 23 150,147 23 145,821 23 145,494 23 138,135 23 132,497 23 115,150
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 2,948 24 60,542 24 41,067 24 27,761 24 22,519 24 47,138 24 40,398 24 29,474 24 27,890 24 21,298
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 23,204 11 9,017 11 31,500 11 28,847 11 27,861 11 16,660 11 21,024 11 22,697 11 17,223 11 29,351
Total large carriersa 1,040,056 2,542,264 2,924,346 4,723,601 5,359,595 5,627,052 5,854,766 6,024,764 6,227,180 6,557,701 7,056,534 6,807,928
Aircraft revenue-hours                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers, all servicesa 3,672,900 5,133,161 9 6,247,795 17 9,717,375 17 10,721,374 17 11,378,134 17 11,871,886 17 12,060,253 17 12,445,483 17 13,091,273 17 13,905,472 17 13,510,365
Major, all servicesa 2,802,317 4,066,480 4,941,327 18 8,524,236 18 8,864,840 18 9,257,260 18 9,584,525 18 9,828,418 18 9,957,390 18 10,863,178 18 11,308,820 18 11,019,406
Nationals, all servicesa 606,146 908,935 919,187 19 1,016,491 19 1,579,771 19 1,839,835 19 1,981,219 19 1,882,975 19 2,299,916 19 2,053,335 19 2,419,285 19 2,314,886
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 267,522 20 167,826 20 223,951 20 223,007 20 260,985 20 315,506 20 143,197 20 126,602 20 142,900 20 94,600
International                        
Large carriers, all servicesa 608,736 977,325 10 819,518 21 1,556,760 21 1,978,381 21 2,021,060 21 2,113,467 21 2,235,441 21 2,394,095 21 2,456,726 21 2,595,893 21 2,555,827
Major, all servicesa N N 668,199 22 1,351,349 22 1,607,155 22 1,634,465 22 1,712,416 22 1,819,583 22 1,992,776 22 2,090,817 22 2,229,167 22 2,234,964
Nationals, all servicesa N N 140,329 23 101,533 23 251,902 23 314,066 23 329,311 23 309,948 23 311,540 23 290,582 23 299,259 23 265,463
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 7,583 24 88,641 24 97,967 24 59,572 24 48,619 24 97,304 24 83,437 24 62,658 24 60,381 24 46,005
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 123,411 11 24,059 11 74,169 11 70,989 11 68,278 11 41,960 11 51,322 11 60,827 11 41,553 11 90,868
Total large carriersa 4,281,636 6,110,486 7,190,724 11,298,194 12,699,755 13,399,194 13,985,353 14,295,694 14,839,578 15,547,999 16,501,365 16,066,192
Revenue passenger-miles (thousands)                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers, all services 31,098,944 108,441,978 9 204,367,599 17 345,872,950 17 388,398,689 17 403,887,802 17 434,651,687 17 450,612,482 17 463,262,198 17 488,356,869 17 516,128,630 17 486,459,389
Majors, all services 29,430,428 99,903,229 182,984,795 18 327,112,620 18 352,063,855 18 368,701,100 18 395,099,254 18 410,906,050 18 421,217,665 18 451,399,646 18 472,284,794 18 440,400,186
Nationals, all services 1,170,779 7,642,071 20,466,712 19 16,756,818 19 31,339,182 19 29,255,179 19 33,000,546 19 33,241,082 19 37,699,063 19 33,267,469 19 40,549,113 19 43,522,761
Large regionals, all services N N 711,868 20 1,752,615 20 3,757,414 20 4,381,267 20 5,443,071 20 5,778,338 20 3,124,802 20 2,627,816 20 2,527,254 20 1,709,092
International                        
Large carriers, all services 4 8,950,672 4 39,695,392 10 63,354,387 21 126,362,697 21 149,107,689 21 154,869,249 21 161,512,010 21 169,356,100 21 172,255,197 21 180,269,038 21 192,797,653 21 178,381,912
Majors, all services N N 54,318,160 22 118,268,507 22 133,299,897 22 137,986,520 22 145,330,811 22 153,564,956 22 157,398,986 22 168,175,060 22 181,585,899 22 169,325,350
Nationals, all services N N 8,659,592 23 6,794,533 23 13,459,194 23 16,128,695 23 14,681,127 23 13,616,245 23 13,471,798 23 9,649,710 23 8,447,916 23 7,759,741
Large regionals, all services N N 330,288 24 1,219,706 24 1,964,944 24 676,925 24 505,337 24 2,148,486 24 1,097,330 24 2,145,931 24 2,675,654 24 1,185,896
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 250,571 11 330,848 11 1,621,892 11 1,627,365 11 2,103,551 11 713,425 11 1,507,751 11 1,360,275 11 855,653 11 938,275
Total large carriersa 40,049,616 148,137,370 267,972,557 472,566,495 537,506,378 558,757,051 596,163,697 619,968,582 635,517,395 668,625,907 708,926,283 664,841,301
Average passenger revenue / passenger-mile for MNLR                        
(Domestic, scheduled service) 6.09 6.00 11.49 13.43 13.12 13.48 13.76 13.97 14.08 13.72 14.35 13.15
Average passenger fare for MNLR                        
(Domestic, scheduled service) 30.01 40.65 84.60 107.86 103.21 106.66 110.37 114.10 R114.08 R114.99 121.27 112.17
Revenue passenger enplanements (thousands)                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers, all servicesa 4 56,352 4 153,662 9 275,182 17 428,767 17 489,351 17 506,789 17 538,394 17 548,735 17 566,951 17 589,170 17 616,778 17 574,868
Major, all servicesa 48,678 122,866 223,237 18 393,927 18 428,328 18 441,650 18 466,743 18 478,253 18 486,903 18 519,760 18 537,379 18 496,453
Nationals, all servicesa 5,949 26,726 47,145 19 32,015 19 53,361 19 55,656 19 62,183 19 61,316 19 74,281 19 65,072 19 76,092 19 75,600
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 3,748 20 2,566 20 6,138 20 7,136 20 7,887 20 8,203 20 4,352 20 3,152 20 2,226 20 1,343
International                        
Large carriers, all servicesa 5,904 16,620 10 26,514 21 46,126 21 51,330 21 52,864 21 54,515 21 56,767 21 57,759 21 57,702 21 60,828 21 56,671
Major, all servicesa N N 23,949 22 42,207 22 42,702 22 44,155 22 46,302 22 48,614 22 49,610 22 50,604 22 53,157 22 50,077
Nationals, all servicesa N N 2,343 23 2,632 23 6,608 23 8,114 23 7,401 23 6,896 23 7,038 23 5,446 23 5,788 23 5,686
Large regionals, all servicesa N N 149 24 1,246 24 1,741 24 556 24 405 24 1,231 24 940 24 1,404 24 1,810 24 806
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 1,125 11 300 11 1,803 11 2,386 11 1,988 11 989 11 1,586 11 1,434 11 1,154 11 1,574
Total large carriersa 62,256 169,922 302,821 475,193 540,681 559,653 592,909 605,502 624,710 646,872 677,606 631,539
Revenue passenger                        
Load factor (percent) (scheduled service)                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers 58.5 48.9 9 58.0 17 60.4 64.7 17 65.4 17 67.9 17 69.1 17 70.0 17 69.8 17 71.2 17 69.1
Majors 59.5 49.3 58.1 18 60.6 65.0 18 65.7 18 68.5 18 69.7 18 70.4 18 70.3 18 71.6 18 69.3
Nationals 41.9 43.6 58.4 19 56.6 62.6 19 61.9 19 61.5 19 63.2 19 65.1 19 64.7 19 66.5 19 67
Large regionals N N 47.7 20 48.7 60.0 20 56 20 60.4 20 60.7 20 58.8 20 42.4 20 59.2 20 70.4
International                        
Large carriers 62.2 53.0 10 62.8 21 69.1 70.6 21 71.8 21 73.3 21 74.1 21 72.8 21 74.4 21 76.0 21 72.8
Majors N N 62.8 22 69.1 70.8 22 72.1 22 73.7 22 74.4 22 72.9 22 74.5 22 76.1 22 72.9
Nationals N N 65.5 23 73.4 68.2 23 67.7 23 67.8 23 69.6 23 70.9 23 73.7 23 73.4 23 70
Large regionals N N 73.9 24 66.5 46.8 24 44.5 24 0.0 24 64.9 24 46.0 24 U 24 58.0 24 67
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 11 46.7 11 0.0 53.8 11 59.3 11 66.7 11 49.7 11 58.2 11 58.3 11 35.5 11 51.6
U.S. international passenger travel, flag of carrier                        
Passenger-arrivals (thousands)                        
United States 5 1,332 5 5,531 12 10,031 12 19,145 23,291 25 24,582 12 25,148 12 26,744 12 27,390 12 27,462 12 29,837 12 27,985
Foreign 1,234 4,343 10,231 17,269 20,527 22,328 24,704 27,571 28,791 30,324 32,380 28,715
Passenger-departures (thousands)                        
United States 1,200 4,949 9,369 17,628 21,355 22,231 22,901 24,302 24,513 25,457 27,431 25,483
Foreign 1,136 4,147 9,886 16,418 18,993 20,795 22,884 25,382 26,350 28,399 30,068 27,111
Total revenue ton-miles (thousands)e                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers, all services 4 3,732,949 4 13,876,802 9 24,964,907 17 43,651,162 50,631,589 17 52,910,081 17 56,326,750 17 58,658,887 17 60,199,459 17 63,032,722 17 66,595,204 17 61,945,030
Majors, all services 3,332,483 12,589,057 21,427,534 18 39,107,033 44,952,734 18 47,015,642 18 50,096,661 18 52,254,323 18 53,424,349 18 56,696,427 18 59,095,406 18 54,678,441
Nationals, all services 121,157 850,477 3,336,057 19 3,561,283 4,510,285 19 4,996,345 19 231,398 19 5,317,576 19 6,012,665 19 5,705,158 19 6,799,198 19 6,519,158
Large regionals, all services N N 180,042 20 945,929 1,002,552 20 718,659 20 863,449 20 971,942 20 508,172 20 507,053 20 588,975 20 512,007
International                        
Large carriers, all services 1,291,336 6,308,701 10 9,689,067 21 19,975,915 24,879,791 21 26,295,684 21 28,177,721 21 30,944,299 21 31,481,513 21 32,810,136 21 35,161,431 21 32,432,059
Majors, all services N N 7,377,733 22 17,803,825 20,681,991 22 21,517,789 22 22,880,295 22 24,971,379 22 25,794,344 22 27,949,876 22 30,683,564 22 28,311,386
Nationals, all services N N 2,261,534 23 1,229,849 3,201,089 23 4,116,380 23 4,603,920 23 4,657,365 23 4,376,654 23 4,257,520 23 3,815,162 23 3,469,902
Large regionals, all services N N 44,438 24 835,701 862,184 24 513,476 24 396,142 24 1,240,303 24 1,269,602 24 566,689 24 565,198 24 495,968
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 28,178 11 143,457 300,545 11 327,474 11 432,606 11 190,298 11 265,186 11 160,135 11 209,132 11 390,227
Total large carriersa 5,024,285 20,185,503 34,682,153 63,770,534 75,511,380 79,205,765 84,504,471 89,603,186 91,650,972 95,842,858 101,756,635 94,377,089
Revenue ton-miles of freight (thousands)                        
Domesticb                        
Large carriers, all services 552,756 2,708,900 9 4,528,316 17 9,063,864 11,802,778 17 12,520,057 17 12,860,845 17 13,601,412 17 13,839,605 17 14,201,933 17 14,982,615 17 13,287,603
Majors, all services 321,176 U 3,129,087 18 6,395,767 9,746,354 18 10,145,537 18 10,586,741 18 11,163,518 18 11,302,583 18 11,556,463 18 11,866,926 18 10,630,939
Nationals, all services 3,850 U 1,289,510 19 1,885,600 1,387,322 19 2,070,570 19 1,931,201 19 1,993,498 19 2,239,140 19 2,378,206 19 2,744,086 19 2,166,601
Large regionals, all services N N 108,864 20 770,670 626,842 20 280,512 20 318,542 20 398,153 20 195,791 20 249,706 20 337,068 20 341,096
International                        
Large carriers, all services 4 268,156 4 1,566,105 10 3,353,371 21 7,339,660 9,970,189 21 10,854,620 21 12,031,634 21 14,008,685 21 14,262,373 21 14,782,231 21 15,880,424 21 14,594,020
Majors, all services N N 1,945,660 22 5,976,973 7,351,998 22 7,719,138 22 8,347,214 22 9,614,881 22 10,054,448 22 11,132,370 22 12,524,977 22 11,378,851
Nationals, all services N N 1,395,575 23 550,409 1,855,167 23 2,549,371 23 3,140,921 23 3,295,738 23 3,035,853 23 3,291,549 23 2,970,370 23 2,693,927
Large regionals, all services N N 11,409 24 713,733 666,863 24 445,783 24 345,609 24 1,025,455 24 1,159,869 24 352,095 24 296,387 24 377,380
Medium regionals, all services, domestic and internationala N N 3,124 11 110,372 138,421 11 163,766 11 222,251 11 118,854 11 114,294 11 23,775 11 123,225 11 292,829
Total large carriersa 820,907 3,755,436 7,884,811 16,513,896 21,772,967 23,374,677 24,892,479 27,610,097 28,101,978 28,984,164 30,863,039 27,881,623

 

SAFETY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 R2000 P2001
Air carrier fatalities, totala 6 499 6 146 143 R96 327 229 457 93 46 62 168 604
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                        
Scheduled services N N 13 0 13 39 239 13 166 13 342 13 3 1 12 13 92 531
Nonscheduled services N N 1 0 0 2 38 5 0 0 0 0
Operating under 14 CFR 135                        
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 37 R6 25 9 14 46 0 12 5 13
Nonscheduled services (on-demand air taxis) N N 105 51 63 52 63 39 45 38 71 60
Air carrier accidents, totala 6 90 6 55 228 146 118 123 138 147 135 138 R150 119
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                        
Scheduled services N N 15 22 19 34 32 44 43 R47 R51 36
Nonscheduled services N N 4 2 4 2 5 5 7 R5 R6 4
Operating under 14 CFR 135                        
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 38 15 10 12 11 16 8 13 12 7
Nonscheduled services (on-demand air taxis) N N 171 107 85 75 90 82 77 73 R81 72
Fatal air carrier accidents, totala 6 17 6 8 55 R38 33 29 35 24 18 19 26 26
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)                        
Scheduled services N N 0 6 4 2 3 3 1 2 3 6
Nonscheduled services N N 1 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0
Operating under 14 CFR 135                        
Scheduled services (commuters) N N 8 R3 3 2 1 5 0 5 1 2
Nonscheduled services (on-demand air taxis) N N 46 29 26 24 29 15 17 12 22 18

KEY: N = data do not exist; MNLR = majors, nationals, and large regionals; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Totals include data not in table; thus totals may not equal sum of table data.

b Domestic encompasses operations within and between the 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. It also encompasses Canadian and Mexican transborder operations (U.S. airlines only). All other operations are considered international.

c Includes scheduled and nonscheduled (charter) operators. By Sec. 2 of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 "charter air carrier" and "charter air transportation" replaced supplemental air carriers and supplemental air transportation, which were formerly Sec. 101(36) and (37) of the Act. The 24 pre-deregulation supplemental carriers now have scheduled service authority.

d Total includes only those carriers who have reported employment statistics to BTS' Office of Airline Information.

e Total Revenue Ton-Miles includes passenger, freight, express, and mail.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, http://www.bts.gov/oai/employees/employees.html as of Sept. 4, 2002.

2 Ibid., personal communication, Sept. 10, 2002.

3 Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), pp. 69 and 71.

4 Ibid., 1973, (Washington, DC), Part III, tables 2, 4, 7, and 13.

5 U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Report of Passenger Travel Between the U.S. and Foreign Countries, 1960, 1970 (Washington, DC).

6 National Transportation Safety Board, Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/stats.htm as of August 2002, personal communication.

7 Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 3/28, 44.

8 Ibid., pp. 42 and 44.

9 Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 2, 5, 46, and 84.

10 Ibid., pp. 3, 6, 85, and 115.

11 U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), p. 187 and similar pages in earlier editions.

12 U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, U.S. International Air Travel Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables IIa and IId.

13 National Transportation Safety Board, Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/stats.htm as of August 2002, tables 6-9.

14 U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Financial Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue) p. 3.

15 Ibid., p. 37 and similar pages in earlier editions.

16 Ibid., pp. 72-73 and similar pages in earlier editions.

17 U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), p. 2.

18 Ibid., p. 5.

19 Ibid., p. 67 and similar pages in earlier editions.

20 Ibid., p. 148 and similar pages in earlier editions.

21 U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), p. 3.

22 Ibid., p. 6

23 Ibid., p. 68 and similar pages in earlier editions.

24 Ibid., p. 149 and similar pages in earlier editions.

25 U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, U.S. International Air Passenger Statistics Report, Calendar Year 1995, (Washington, DC), tables IIa and IId.