Automobile Profile

Automobile Profile

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FINANCIAL 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Personal auto expenditures, totala ($ millions) 39,886 73,390 209,563 368,192 445,566 474,491 498,928 R504,247 543,629 599,852 U
New and used carsa,1 16,600 26,700 57,200 119,000 132,200 133,300 135,600 142,800 R156,100 R164,900 166,500
Tires, tubes, accessories, and parts1 2,500 6,100 17,900 29,900 36,900 38,700 39,600 41,500 44,400 R45,900 45,800
Gasoline and oil1 12,000 21,900 86,700 107,300 113,300 124,200 128,100 114,800 R129,300 R164,400 162,100
Tolls1 300 700 1,100 2,300 3,400 3,700 4,000 4,000 R4,400 R4,600 4,900
Insurance premiums less claims paid1 2,000 3,800 9,400 18,100 29,700 31,800 36,300 38,000 36,800 R30,700 32,100
Repair, greasing, washing, parking, storage, rental, and leasing1 5,500 12,300 34,000 84,900 122,200 134,200 146,300 153,600 R165,100 R175,500 181,600
Auto registration fees 4 867 4 1,668 4 2,893 4 6,054 4 7,043 10 7,698 10 8,163 10 8,630 10 8,625 10 7,607 U
Driver's license fees 4 119 4 222 4 370 4 638 R,10 823 10 893 10 865 10 917 10 904 10 745 U
Taxi expenditures ($ millions)1 600 1,200 1,900 2,600 3,200 3,500 3,700 4,100 3,800 R3,600 3,700

 

INVENTORY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Number of vehicle registrations                      
Passenger car and motorcycle 5 62,245,422 5 92,067,655 5 127,294,783 5 137,959,958 9 132,283,966 R,9 133,599,578 9 133,575,077 9 135,717,988 9 136,584,477 9 137,967,488 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 14,210,591 5 27,875,934 5 48,274,555 9 65,738,322 R,9 68,933798 9 70,224,082 9 71,330,205 9 75,356,376 9 79,084,979 U
Motorcycle 6 574,032 6 2,824,098 6 5,693,940 6 4,259,462 9 3,897,191 R,9 3,871,237 9 3,826,373 9 3,879,450 9 4,152,433 9 4,346,068 U
Motor vehicle licensed drivers 7 87,252,563 7 111,542,787 7 145,295,036 7 167,015,250 7 176,628,482 11 179,539,340 11 182,709,204 11 184,860,969 11 187,170,420 11 190,625,023 U
Number of employees                      
Taxicabs2 120,700 106,400 52,500 32,400 30,700 30,500 30,600 31,200 31,600 R31,900 31,800
Automotive dealers and service stations2 1,267,200 1,617,400 1,688,500 2,063,100 2,189,600 2,266,700 2,310,800 2,332,300 2,368,100 R2,409,600 2,424,800
Motor vehicles, parts, and supplies2 N N 434,300 456,000 492,100 502,800 513,000 516,600 523,700 R516,800 502,100
Auto repair, services, and parking2 N N 570,900 913,700 1,020,100 1,080,000 1,119,600 1,145,200 1,196,400 R1,234,200 1,257,200

 

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Vehicle-miles (millions)                      
Passenger car and motorcycle, totala 8 587,012 8 919,679 8 1,121,810 R,8 1,417,823 9 1,448,091 R,9 1,478,767 9 1,512,637 9 1,559,860 9 1,579,684 R,9 1,610,756 U
Rural highway, total 8 313,623 8 424,088 8 450,659 8 547,910 9 527,932 R,9 540,021 9 555,227 9 579,258 9 589,213 R,9 597,898 U
Rural interstate N 8 62,342 8 89,488 8 117,519 9 115,991 R,9 120,324 9 121,095 9 128,447 9 131,956 R,9 135,630 U
Rural other arterial 8 233,452 8 182,213 8 180,857 8 211,066 9 212,063 R,9 217,574 9 221,732 9 230,435 9 232,779 R,9 236,423 U
Other rural roads 8 80,171 8 179,533 8 180,314 8 219,325 9 199,878 R,9 202,122 9 212,400 9 220,376 9 224,478 R,9 225,845 U
Urban highwayb, total 8 273,389 8 495,591 8 671,151 8 869,912 9 920,159 R,9 938,746 9 957,410 9 980,602 9 990,471 R,9 1,012858 U
Urban interstate N 8 69,369 8 124,480 8 184,783 9 205,489 R,9 211,818 9 215,525 9 222,066 9 225,822 R,9 232,202 U
Other urban N 8 426,222 8 546,671 8 685,129 9 714,670 9 726,928 9 741,885 9 758,536 9 764,649 R,9 780,656 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle, total 8 e 8 123,286 8 290,935 8 574,571 9 790,029 R,9 815,936 9 850,739 9 868,275 9 901,022 R,9 923,059 U
Rural highway, total 8 e 8 73,591 8 149,560 8 227,831 9 295,472 R,9 306,891 9 327,316 9 334,806 9 351,658 R,9 360,355 U
Rural interstate 8 e 8 6,766 8 19,952 8 46,298 9 63,329 9 65,779 9 69,030 9 72,343 9 76,190 R,9 79,088 U
Rural other arterial 8 e 8 29,808 8 56,137 8 87,474 9 118,305 R,9 122,211 9 129,890 9 132,043 9 138,475 R,9 141,257 U
Other rural roads 8 e 8 37,017 8 73,471 8 94,059 9 113,838 R,9 118,901 9 128,396 9 130,420 9 136,993 R,9 140,010 U
Urban highwayc, total 8 e 8 49,695 8 141,375 8 346,739 9 494,557 9 509,045 9 523,423 9 533,469 9 549,364 R,9 562,704 U
Urban interstate 8 e 8 6,252 8 23,067 8 71,500 9 109,807 9 112,908 9 116,680 9 121,700 9 124,399 R,9 128,291 U
Other urban 8 e 8 43,443 8 118,308 8 275,239 9 384,750 R,9 396,136 9 406,743 9 411,769 9 424,965 R,9 434,413 U
Vehicle-miles, total (millions) 5 587,012 5 1,042,965 5 1,412,745 5 1,992,394 9 2,238,120 R,9 2,294,703 9 2,363,376 9 2,428,135 9 2,480,706 R,9 2,533,815 U
Passenger cars f,5 587,012 f,5 919,679 f,5 1,121,810 f,5 1,417,823 9 1,438,294 R,9 1,468,854 9 1,502,556 9 1,549,577 9 1,569,100 R,9 1,600,287 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 123,286 5 290,935 5 574,571 9 790,029 R,9 815,936 9 850,739 9 868,275 9 901,022 R,9 923,059 U
Motorcycle 5 g 5 g 5 g 5 g 9 9,797 R,9 9,913 9 10,081 9 10,283 9 10,584 R,9 10,469 U
Passenger-milesc, total (millions) 5 1,145,000 5 1,979,787 5 2,545,020 5 3,037,244 9 3,553,810 R,9 3,643,719 9 3,752,829 9 3,855,696 9 3,939,137 R,9 4,023,637 U
Passenger cars a,f,5 1,145,000 a,f,5 1,754,174 a,f,5 2,024,246 f,5 2,140,913 9 2,286,887 R,9 2,335,478 9 2,389,065 9 2,463,828 9 2,494,870 R,9 2,544,457 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 225,613 5 520,774 5 896,331 9 1,256,146 R,9 1,297,337 9 1,352,675 9 1,380,557 9 1,432,625 R,9 1,467,664 U
Motorcycle 5 g 5 g 5 g 5 g 9 10,777 R,9 10,904 9 11,089 9 11,311 9 11,642 R,9 11,516 U
Average miles traveled per vehicle                      
Passenger car f,5 9,518 f,5 9,989 f,5 8,813 f,5 10,277 9 11,203 R,9 11,323 9 11,581 9 11,754 9 11,848 R,9 11,976 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 8,676 5 10,437 5 11,902 9 12,018 R,9 11,837 9 12,115 9 12,173 9 11,957 R,9 11,672 U
Motorcycle 5 g 5 g 5 g 5 g 9 2,514 R,9 2,561 9 2,635 9 2,651 9 2,549 R,9 2,409 U
Fuel consumed (million gallons)                      
Passenger cars f,5 41,171 f,5 67,879 f,5 70,186 f,5 69,759 9 68,072 R,9 68,897 9 69,892 9 71,695 9 73,283 R,9 73,065 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 12,313 5 23,796 5 35,611 9 45,605 R,9 47,133 9 49,388 9 50,462 9 52,859 R,9 52,939 U
Motorcycle 5 g 5 g 5 g 5 g 9 196 9 198 9 202 9 206 9 212 R,9 209 U
Average fuel consumption per vehicle (gallons)                      
Passenger cars f,5 668 f,5 737 f,5 551 f,5 506 9 530 R,9 531 9 539 9 544 9 553 R,9 547 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 866 5 854 5 738 9 694 R,9 684 9 703 9 707 9 701 R,9 669 U
Motorcycle 5 g 5 g 5 g 5 g 9 50 9 51 9 53 9 53 9 51 9 48 U
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed                      
Passenger cars f,5 14.3 f,5 13.5 5 16.0 5 20.3 9 21.1 R,9 21.3 9 21.5 9 21.6 9 21.4 R,9 21.9 U
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle 5 e 5 10.0 5 12.2 5 16.1 9 17.3 R,9 17.3 9 17.2 9 17.2 9 17.0 R,9 17.4 U
Motorcycle 5 g 5 g 5 g 5 g 9 50 9 50 9 50 9 50 9 50 9 50 U

 

SAFETY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Number of occupants and nonoccupant fatalities                      
Passenger car3 N N 27,449 24,092 22,423 22,505 22,199 21,194 20,862 R20,699 20,233
Motorcycle3 790 2,280 5,144 3,244 2,227 2,161 2,116 2,294 2,483 R2,897 3,181
Bicycled,3 490 760 965 859 833 765 814 760 754 R693 728
Pedestriand,3 7,210 8,950 8,070 6,482 5,584 5,449 5,321 5,228 4,939 R4,763 4,882
Occupant fatality rates                      
Per 100 million vehicle-miles                      
Passenger car3 4.7 3.8 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 U
Motorcycle3 N 76.5 50.4 33.9 22.7 21.8 21.0 22.3 23.5 R27.7 U
Per 10,000 registered vehicles                      
Passenger car3 5.1 3.9 2.6 R2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 U
Motorcycle3 13.8 8.1 9.0 7.6 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.0 R6.7 U
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)                      
Per 100 million vehicle-miles                      
Passenger car3 N 5.6 3.5 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 R1.8 U
Motorcycle3 N 22.9 50.9 34.3 23.1 21.9 21.4 22.7 R23.9 R28.4 U
Per 10,000 registered vehicles                      
Passenger car3 N 5.6 3.7 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Motorcycle3 N 8.2 9.1 7.7 5.8 5.6 5.6 6.0 6.1 6.8 6.6

KEY: E = estimate; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

NOTES

a Figures obtained by addition / subtraction and may not appear directly in data source.

b Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.

c In July 1997, the USDOT, Federal Highway Administration published revised passenger-miles data for the highway modes for many years. The major change reflected the reassignment of some vehicles from the passenger car category to the other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle category.

d Involvement only with motor vehicle.

e Included in single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck category.

f Includes motorcycle data.

g Included in passenger cars.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, table 2.4 available at http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/nipaweb/alltables.asp http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/nipaweb/AllTables.asp as of January 2003.

2 U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS Database, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/data/sa.htm as of January 2003; codes 414120 Taxicabs, 605500 Automotive Dealers and Service Stations, 525010 Motor Vehicle Parts, and Supplies and 807500 Auto Repair, Services, and Parking."

3 U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Traffic Safety Facts 2001, DOT HS 809 484, (Washington, DC: December 2002), tables 3, 4, 7, and 10.

4 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table MV-202.

5 Ibid., Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-97-009 Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A, table revised in June 1999.

6 Ibid., Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table MV-201.

7 Ibid., Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-Pl-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table DL-201.

8 Ibid., Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201.

9 Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1 (revised tables used when applicable).

10 Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table MV-2 (revised tables used when applicable).

11 Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table DL-22 (revised tables used when applicable).