General Aviation Profile

General Aviation Profile

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FINANCIAL 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Expenditures, total ($ millions) 895 2,035 8,053 9,907 9,332 10,379 11,605 13,797 16,372 17,553 U
Aircraft1 202 339 2,853 3,398 3,910 4,260 5,298 7,174 9,573 11,262 U
Operating costs 693 1,696 5,200 6,509 5,422 6,119 6,307 6,623 6,799 6,291 U

 

INVENTORY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Number of active aircraft by primary use, total 76,549 131,743 211,045 196,800 172,400 188,100 187,200 192,359 204,712 219,464 217,533
Corporate2 N 6,835 14,860 10,100 9,400 9,800 9,300 10,411 11,250 10,804 11,003
Business N 26,900 49,391 33,100 26,500 26,200 28,200 27,716 32,611 24,543 25,169
Instructional N 10,727 14,862 18,600 15,000 14,800 14,300 14,663 11,375 16,081 14,883
Personal N 65,398 96,222 112,600 102,500 109,300 109,600 115,630 124,347 147,085 148,192
Aerial application N 5,455 7,294 6,200 4,300 5,100 5,400 4,858 4,550 4,254 4,294
Aerial observation N N N 4,900 5,100 4,700 3,200 3,311 3,242 3,240 5,093
External load N N N N 100 200 400 186 313 190 234
Other worka N 2,054 2,813 1,400 1,200 1,100 1,100 579 1,116 2,363 1,787
Air taxi / air toursb N N N 5,800 3,800 4,100 3,900 4,948 5,190 4,569 4,019
Sightseeingc N N N N 1,300 900 900 677 679 832 881
Otherd N 8,249 17,045 4,100 4,200 6,300 6,700 5,250 6,010 1,200 1,952
Public use N N N N N N 4,200 4,130 4,029 4,138 j N

 

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Number of flight hours by actual use, total (thousands) 13,121 26,030 36,430 30,763 24,092 25,667 26,100 27,713 28,100 31,756 30,975
Corporate3 N N 5,332 2,913 2,486 2,869 2,718 2,878 3,213 3,616 3,458
Business 3 5,699 3 7,204 8,434 4,417 3,012 3,191 3,152 3,006 3,523 3,598 3,670
Instructional 1,828 6,791 5,748 7,244 4,156 4,106 4,425 4,956 3,961 5,893 5,369
Personal 3,172 6,896 8,894 9,276 8,248 9,320 8,893 9,644 9,781 11,294 11,699
Aerial application N N 2,044 1,872 1,364 1,557 1,787 1,562 1,306 1,415 1,401
Aerial observation N N N 1,745 1,746 1,385 1,036 1,261 812 1,243 1,632
External load N N N N 135 118 203 112 153 128 171
Other worka N N 1,053 572 241 268 262 139 286 613 506
Air taxi / air toursb N N N 2,249 1,545 1,527 1,773 2,120 2,583 2,043 2,196
Sightseeingc N N N N 309 206 186 127 169 220 198
Otherd 2,422 5,139 4,925 475 622 1,121 644 819 940 581 675
Public usee N N N N N N 1,021 1,096 1,373 1,111 j N
Vehicle-milesf (millions) 5 1,769 5 3,207 5 5,204 5 4,548 5 3,358 5 3,795 5 3,524 5 3,877 U U U
Passenger-milesf,1 (millions) 2,300 9,100 14,700 13,000 9,800 10,800 12,000 12,500 13,100 13,500 U
Fuel consumedf (million gallons) 6 242 6 759 6 1,286 6 1,016 9 731 9 847 9 896 9 934 9 1,126 9 1,313 9 1,335
Aviation gasoline 242 551 520 353 266 287 289 292 311 345 337
Jet fuel N 208 766 663 464 560 608 642 815 967 998

 

SAFETY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Fatalitiesg, total 7 787 1,310 1,239 767 R730 R735 R636 R631 R624 R619 R593
Corporate N 7 28 8 66 8 21 R,10 6 10 15 10 20 10 3 10 0 10 30 10 13
Business N 148 126 80 64 73 44 45 42 55 43
Instructional N 93 73 62 47 44 40 38 38 38 64
Personal N 726 808 492 472 488 413 432 432 R383 386
Aerial application N 41 32 17 17 15 10 17 6 14 19
Other N 174 134 95 R138 R112 R119 106 R112 R105 87
Accidents, total 4,793 4,712 3,590 R2,241 R2,022 R2,056 R1,908 R1,845 R1,904 R1,906 1,838
Fatal4 429 641 618 443 403 R413 R361 R350 R364 R340 343
Accident rateh,I (per 100,000 flight hours) 36.5 18.1 9.9 R7.3 R8.4 8.0 7.3 6.7 6.8 6.0 5.9
Fatal 3.3 2.5 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a In 1960, 1970, 1980, classified as "Industrial."

b Includes air tours done under 14 CFR 135: air taxi operators and commercial operators.

c Includes sightseeing done under 14 CFR 91: general operating and flight rules.

d Significant decrease in "Other" can be attributed to a redefining of the category to only include "Aerial Other" and "Medical Use."

e Federal, state or local government-owned or leased aircraft used for the purpose of fulfilling a government position.

f Includes air taxi operations. Nautical miles in source multiplied by 1.151 to convert from nautical miles.

g Sum of fatalities does not necessarily equal total. Differences are due to methodology used to count collisions involving aircraft in different categories.

h Suicide/sabotage cases are included in accidents and fatalities data but are excluded from accident rates.

i Accident rates are calculated by BTS using the formula: Accident Rates (per 100,000 flight hours) = Fatalities/Flight Hours*100.

j Beginning in 2000, "Public Use" was included in "Other Work".

NOTES

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Total fatalities in this profile may not match those in table 2-14, due to when the total fatalities data were received and the data breakdown by type of flying. NTSB constantly updates and reclassifies accident and fatality data.

1994-95 data for active aircraft by use, and flight hours, have been revised to reflect changes in adjustment for nonresponse bias with 1996 telephone survey factors. 1996 vehicle-miles and fuel consumption data are estimated using new information on nonrespondents and are not comparable to earlier years.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, Annual Issues (Washington, DC), pp. 8-11, 14-15.

2 United States. Federal Aviation Administration, General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity and Avionics Survey (Washington, DC: 1990-2000 issues), table 1.1.

3 Ibid., table 1.6 and similar tables in earlier editions.

4 National Transportation Safety Board, RE-50, personal communication. Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data, U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1998 (Washington, DC: July 2000). Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/ as of Sept. 9, 2002, table 10.

5 United States. Federal Aviation Administration, General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity and Avionics Survey (Washington, DC: 1990-2000 issues), table 3.3 and similar tables in earlier editions.

6 Ibid., table 5.1.

7 National Transportation Safety Board, RE-50, personal communication.

8 Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data, U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1998 (Washington, DC: July 2000), charts 27, 39, 40, 41, 42 and 43.

9 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, FAA Aerospace Forecasts, Fiscal Years 2002-2013 (Washington, DC: March 2002), table 30.

10 National Transportation Safety Board, RE-50, personal communication. Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data, U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1998 (Washington, DC: July 2000), personal communication, Sept. 10, 2002.