Rail Profile

Rail Profile

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FINANCIAL 1960 1970e 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Class Ia                      
Operating revenues, total ($ millions) 9,514 11,992 28,258 28,370 30,809 32,280 32,693 33,118 33,151 33,521 34,102
Passenger1 640 421 446 94 88 89 59 60 61 61 62
Freight 8,025 10,922 26,350 27,471 29,931 31,356 31,889 32,322 32,247 32,680 33,083
Other 849 649 1,462 805 790 835 745 736 843 780 957
Operating expenses ($ millions)b 8,775 11,478 26,355 24,652 25,511 27,897 26,331 27,291 27,916 28,011 29,040
Amtrak                      
Total revenue ($ millions) N 162 429 9 1,308 1,413 9 1,490 9 1,550 9 1,669 9 2,244 9 2,011 9 2,111
Total expenses ($ millions) N 301 1,103 2,012 2,246 2,257 2,258 2,359 2,548 2,660 9 2,876

 

INVENTORY 1960 1970e 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Class Ia                      
Number of vehicles, total 1,965,486 1,784,181 1,710,827 1,212,261 2,025,403 1,218,927 1,240,573 1,270,419 1,315,667 1,368,836 1,380,796
Class I freight cars 1,658,292 1 1,423,921 1 1,168,114 1 658,902 590,930 1 583,486 1 570,865 1 568,493 1 575,604 1 579,140 1 560,154
Other nonclass I freight cars 307,194 360,260 542,713 553,359 601,482 635,441 669,708 701,926 740,063 789,696 820,642
Locomotives 29,031 27,077 28,094 18,835 18,505 18,812 19,269 19,684 20,261 20,256 20,028
Number of companies 106 71 38 14 12 11 10 9 9 9 8
Number of employees 780,494 566,282 458,994 216,424 189,962 188,215 181,809 177,981 178,222 177,557 168,360
Miles of road owned 207,334 196,479 164,822 119,758 109,332 108,264 105,779 102,128 100,570 99,430 99,250
Amtrak                      
Number of passenger vehicles                      
Train-cars N 4 1,569 4 2,128 9 1,863 1,852 9 1,722 9 1,730 9 1,728 9 1,962 9 1,992 9 1,894
Locomotives N 185 419 318 338 313 299 332 345 329 378
Number of employees N 5 1,500 5 21,416 5 24,000 25,049 23,646 4 23,278 4 23,555 1 24,528 1 25,291 1 25,624
System route mileage N N 8 24,000 8 24,000 25,000 24,000 9 25,000 9 25,000 9 22,000 9 23,000 9 23,000

 

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970e 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Class Ia                      
Car mileage, freight (thousands)1 28,170,000 29,890,000 29,277,000 26,159,000 28,485,000 30,383,000 31,715,000 31,660,000 32,657,000 33,851,000 34,590,000
Train mileage, freight (thousands) 404,464 427,065 428,498 379,582 440,896 458,271 468,792 474,954 474,947 490,442 504,001
Locomotive mileage, total (thousands) N N 1,531,050 1,280,365 1,404,706 1,444,691 1,465,149 1,423,229 1,439,703 1,503,947 1,502,819
Freight 2 421,900 1,278,200 1,319,010 1,144,559 1,261,482 1,293,851 1,311,351 1,281,768 1,285,706 1,349,580 1,354,590
Train and yard switching N N 212,040 135,806 143,224 150,840 153,798 141,461 153,997 154,367 148,229
Revenue ton-miles of freight (millions)1 572,309 764,809 918,958 1,033,969 1,200,701 1,305,688 1,355,975 1,348,926 1,376,802 1,433,461 1,465,960
Average length of haul, freight (miles) 461 515 616 726 817 843 842 851 835 835 843
Fuel consumed in freight service (million gallons) 3,463 3,545 3,904 3,115 3,334 3,480 3,579 3,575 3,583 3,715 3,700
Average miles traveled per vehicle                      
Locomotive N N 54,497 67,978 75,910 76,796 76,037 72,304 71,058 74,247 75,036
Car 14,332 16,753 17,113 21,579 23,889 24,926 25,565 24,921 24,822 24,730 25,051
Average miles traveled per gallon                      
Train 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.14
Car 8.13 8.43 7.50 8.40 8.54 8.73 8.86 8.86 9.11 9.11 9.35
Amtrak                      
Passenger train car-miles (millions) N 6 213 6 235 6 301 304 10 292 10 276 10 288 10 312 10 342 U
Passenger train-miles (millions) N 26 30 33 34 32 30 32 33 34 35
Passenger locomotive-miles (millions) N N 41 49 51 48 U U U U U
Revenue passengers carried (millions) N 17 21 22 21 21 20 20 21 22 23
Revenue passenger-miles (millions) N 3,039 4,503 9 6,057 5,921 9 5,545 9 5,050 9 5,166 9 5,304 9 5,330 9 5,498
Average passenger fare (dollars) N 7 8.3 17.7 38.5 38.2 39.0 42.5 44.3 44.0 45.7 U
Average passenger revenue / passenger-mile (cents) N 4.5 8.2 14.1 13.7 14.6 16.6 17.3 17.5 18.4 U
Average passenger trip length (miles) N 182.6 217.0 273.0 271.1 267.6 256.9 255.8 251.5 247.8 U
Locomotive fuel consumed                      
Diesel (million gallons) N N 64 82 75 11 66 11 71.2 11 75 11 75 11 74 U
Electric kWh (millions) N N 254 330 309 304 293 282 275 283 U

 

SAFETY c,3 1960 1970e 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Number of fatalities, railroads and grade crossings, total 2,345 2,331 1,424 1,300 1,226 1,146 1,039 1,062 1,006 931 934
Passengers on trains 34 10 4 3 5 0 12 6 4 14 4
Employees on duty 215 179 97 40 31 34 33 37 27 31 24
Employees not on duty N N 4 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1
Trespassers 637 607 566 700 682 660 620 646 644 R570 570
Nontrespassers 1,459 1,535 746 554 505 443 365 R362 R324 R304 332
Contractor employees N N 7 3 3 7 9 11 5 12 3
Grade crossing only 1,421 1,440 772 698 615 579 488 461 431 402 425
Railroad onlyd 924 785 645 599 611 567 551 R602 577 530 509

KEY: kWh = kilowatt-hour; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Excluding Amtrak and all non-Class I railroads, except for Section IV.

b Operating expenses include equipment, joint facility rents, leased roads and equipment, and all taxes except Federal income.

c Safety figures from U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration are for all railroads.

d Figures may not appear directly in data source.

e Amtrak data in this column are for 1972, Amtrak's first full year of operation.

NOTE

Amtrak figures are based on Amtrak fiscal year (October 1-September 30).

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 Association of American Railroads (AAR), Railroad Facts, Annual issues, pp. 3, 10, 12, 13, 14, 27, 33, 34, 36, 40, 44, 48, 50, and 77.

2 Ibid., Analysis of Class 1 Railroads, Annual issues.

3 1960-1980: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Systems Support Division, RRS-22, personal communication.

1990-1994: Ibid., Accident / Incident Bulletin, Annual issues, tables 7 and 9.

1995-2001: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics, Annual Report 2001, table 1-3.

4 Amtrak, National Railroad Passenger Corporation Annual Report,1972, 1980, 1990, and 1993-95.

5 Ibid., Public Affairs, personal communication.

6 Amtrak, Train Information System Reports.

7 Ibid., Train Earnings Reports.

8 Ibid., Route Miles by Railroad, Corp. Planning & Development.

9 Amtrak, National Railroad Passenger Corporation Annual Report, Statistical Appendix to Amtrak Annual Report, Annual issues.

10 Amtrak Corporate Reporting, Route Profitability System, Washington DC, personal communication, August 2001.

11 Amtrak General Accounting, Pennsylvania, personal communication, June 1999.