Transit Profile

Transit Profile

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FINANCIAL 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 P2000
Passenger operating revenues, total ($ millions) 1,407 1,707 6,510 16,074 17,968 18,256 19,152 19,515 21,062 22,220 24,243
Operating revenues, total 1,407 1,707 2,805 6,807 9,027 9,628 10,345 10,854 11,654 11,930 12,963
Passenger fares1, total 1,335 1,639 2,556 5,912 6,756 6,816 7,416 7,546 7,970 8,282 8,746
Motor bus N N N 2,967 3,250 3,287 3,515 3,558 3,991 4,175 4,376
Heavy rail N N N 1,741 1,976 2,018 2,322 2,351 2,297 2,323 2,483
Light rail N N N 83 135 127 144 139 150 164 181
Trolley bus N N N 46 55 54 55 57 55 60 60
Demand responsive N N N 41 171 146 157 170 142 159 172
Ferryboata N N N 56 41 60 54 51 41 48 60
Commuter rail N N N 952 1,083 1,078 1,146 1,178 1,255 1,309 1,375
Otherb N N N 26 45 46 24 42 38 46 41
Other operating revenue2 72 68 248 895 2,271 2,812 2,928 3,308 3,685 3,648 4,217
Operating assistancec, total N N 3,705 9,267 8,941 8,628 8,807 8,661 9,408 10,290 11,280
State and local N N 2,611 8,297 8,026 7,811 8,210 8,014 8,656 9,418 10,286
Federal N N 1,093 970 916 817 596 647 751 872 994
Operating expenses, total ($ millions) 1,377 1,996 6,711 17,979 21,653 21,540 22,260 23,159 24,318 25,538 28,194
Operating expensesd, total N N 6,247 15,742 17,920 17,849 18,341 18,936 19,739 20,512 22,646
Motor bus3 N N N 8,903 10,144 10,321 10,575 10,944 11,429 11,714 12,966
Heavy rail N N N 3,825 3,786 3,523 3,402 3,474 3,530 3,693 3,931
Light rail N N N 237 413 376 442 473 500 546 606
Trolley bus N N N 109 133 139 135 140 147 167 178
Demand responsive N N N 518 943 1,000 1,187 1,285 1,405 1,419 1,805
Ferryboata N N N 171 200 210 183 221 214 238 268
Commuter rail N N N 1,939 2,228 2,211 2,294 2,278 2,361 2,575 2,685
Otherb N N N 41 73 67 124 122 154 160 206
Depreciation and amortization4 N N 278 1,593 2,769 2,601 2,885 3,106 3,435 3,692 4,076
Other reconciling items N N 186 644 964 1,091 1,034 1,117 1,145 1,333 1,472
Average passenger revenue per passenger-mile, all modes ($) N N N 0.14 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Motor bus5 N N N 0.14 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.21
Heavy rail N N N 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.18
Light rail N N N 0.15 0.18 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.13
Trolley bus N N N 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.31
Demand responsive N N N 0.10 0.30 0.29 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.20 0.21
Ferryboata N N N 0.20 0.14 0.23 0.21 0.17 0.14 0.16 0.18
Commuter rail N N N 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.15
Otherb N N N 0.21 0.23 0.17 0.07 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.09
Average passenger fare, per unlinked trip, all modes ($) 0.14 0.22 0.30 0.67 0.85 0.87 0.93 0.89 0.91 0.90 0.93
Motor bus6 N N N 0.52 0.62 0.66 0.70 0.70 0.74 0.74 0.77
Heavy rail N N N 0.74 0.90 0.99 1.08 0.97 0.96 0.92 0.94
Light rail N N N 0.47 0.66 0.50 0.55 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.57
Trolley bus N N N 0.36 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.50 0.49
Demand responsive N N N 0.60 2.04 2.26 2.21 1.83 1.49 1.59 1.64
Ferryboata N N N 1.11 0.87 1.31 1.12 0.99 0.80 0.91 1.13
Commuter rail N N N 2.90 3.19 3.13 3.24 3.30 3.29 3.31 3.32
Otherb N N N 0.90 1.28 1.57 1.33 0.66 1.02 0.76 0.66

 

INVENTORY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 P2000
Number of systems, totale 1,286 1,096 1,055 5,078 5,973 5,973 5,973 5,975 6,000 6,000 6,000
Motor bus7 1,236 1,075 1,022 2,685 2,250 2,250 2,250 2,250 2,262 2,262 2,262
Heavy rail 31 15 11 12 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Light rail ~ ~ 9 17 22 22 22 22 23 24 25
Trolley bus 19 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Demand responsive N N N 3,193 5,214 5,214 5,214 5,214 5,254 5,252 5,252
Ferryboata N N 16 27 25 25 25 25 28 30 33
Commuter rail N N 18 14 16 16 16 18 18 20 19
Otherb N N 5 35 69 69 69 70 72 81 81
Number of vehicles, total 65,292 61,298 75,388 92,961 115,943 115,874 122,362 126,360 123,855 128,516 131,493
Motor bus8 49,600 49,700 59,411 58,714 68,123 67,107 71,678 72,770 72,142 74,228 75,013
Heavy rail 9,010 9,286 9,641 10,419 10,138 10,157 10,201 10,242 10,301 10,306 10,591
Light rail 2,856 1,262 1,013 913 1,054 999 1,140 1,229 1,220 1,297 1,577
Trolley bus 3,826 1,050 823 832 877 885 871 859 880 859 951
Demand responsive N N N 16,471 28,729 29,352 30,804 32,509 29,646 31,884 33,080
Ferryboata N N N 108 110 110 109 134 113 112 119
Commuter rail N N 4,500 4,415 4,517 4,565 4,665 4,943 4,963 4,883 5,073
Otherb N N N 1,089 2,395 2,699 2,894 3,674 4,590 4,947 5,089
Number of employeesf, total 156,400 138,040 189,300 262,176 294,087 300,491 314,944 320,759 327,752 337,885 346,415
Motor bus9 121,300 101,598 N 162,189 174,373 181,973 190,152 196,861 198,644 204,179 211,095
Heavy rail 35,100 36,442 N 46,102 51,062 45,644 45,793 45,935 45,163 46,311 47,087
Light rail + + N 4,066 5,140 4,935 5,728 5,940 6,024 6,058 6,572
Trolley bus + + N 1,925 1,848 1,871 2,084 2,037 2,053 2,140 2,223
Demand responsive N N N 22,740 35,450 39,882 44,667 44,029 48,406 51,186 52,021
Ferryboata N N N 2,813 2,764 2,697 2,830 3,166 3,894 4,024 2,682
Commuter rail N N N 21,443 22,596 22,320 22,604 21,651 22,488 22,896 23,518
Otherb N N N 898 854 1,169 1,086 1,140 1,080 1,091 1,217

 

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 P2000
Vehicle-miles, total (millions) 2,143 1,883 2,287 3,242 3,468 3,550 3,650 3,746 3,794 3,972 4,081
Motor bus10 1,576 1,409 1,677 2,130 2,162 2,184 2,221 2,245 2,175 2,276 2,315
Heavy rail 391 407 385 537 532 537 543 558 566 578 595
Light rail 75 34 18 24 34 35 38 41 44 49 53
Trolley bus 101 33 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15
Demand responsive N N N 306 464 507 548 585 671 718 759
Ferryboata N N 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
Commuter rail N N 179 213 231 238 242 251 260 266 271
Otherb N N 13 16 30 33 43 50 63 69 71
Unlinked passenger trips, total (millions) N 7,332 8,567 8,799 7,949 7,763 7,948 8,374 8,750 9,168 9,363
Motor bus11 N 5,034 5,837 5,677 4,871 4,848 4,887 5,013 5,399 5,648 5,678
Heavy rail N 1,881 2,108 2,346 2,169 2,033 2,157 2,430 2,393 2,521 2,632
Light rail N 124 133 175 284 251 261 262 276 292 320
Trolley bus N 182 142 126 118 119 117 121 117 120 122
Demand responsive N N N 68 88 88 93 99 95 100 105
Ferryboata N N 63 50 47 47 48 51 52 53 53
Commuter rail N N 280 328 339 344 352 357 381 396 413
Otherb N N 4 29 33 33 33 41 37 38 40
Passenger-miles, total (millions) N N 39,854 41,143 39,585 39,808 41,378 42,339 44,128 45,857 47,666
Motor bus12 N N 21,790 20,981 18,832 18,818 19,096 19,604 20,360 21,205 21,241
Heavy rail N N 10,558 11,475 10,668 10,559 11,530 12,056 12,284 12,902 13,844
Light rail N N 381 571 833 860 957 1,035 1,128 1,206 1,356
Trolley bus N N 219 193 187 187 184 189 182 186 192
Demand responsive N N N 431 577 607 656 754 735 813 839
Ferryboata N N N 286 260 260 256 294 294 310 330
Commuter rail N N 6,516 7,082 7,996 8,244 8,351 8,038 8,704 8,766 9,402
Otherb N N 390 124 232 273 348 369 441 469 462
Average trip length, all modes (miles) N N N N 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Motor bus13 N N N N 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Heavy rail N N N N 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Light rail N N N N 4 3 4 4 4 4 4
Trolley bus N N N N 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Demand responsive N N N N 7 8 9 10 8 8 8
Ferryboata N N N N 6 6 5 6 6 6 6
Commuter rail N N N N 24 24 24 23 23 22 23
Vanpool N N N N 32 35 34 33 36 34 35
Otherg N N N N 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Average vehicle speed, all modes (miles per hour) N N N N 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Motor bus14 N N N N 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
Heavy rail N N N N 21 21 21 21 21 21 21
Light rail N N N N 14 14 14 16 16 15 15
Trolley bus N N N N 8 8 8 8 8 7 7
Demand responsive N N N N 14 15 15 15 17 15 15
Ferryboata N N N N 8 6 7 7 8 8 8
Commuter rail N N N N 34 34 33 34 32 33 29
Vanpool N N N N 33 35 37 36 37 38 31
Otherg N N N N 6 6 7 7 7 7 8
Energy consumption, diesel, total (million gallons) 15 208 15 271 15 431 651 678 678 693 717 740 763 786
Motor bus15 N N N 563 565 564 578 598 607 618 635
Heavy rail NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Light rail NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Trolley bus NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Demand responsive N N N 15 30 29 31 32 38 43 48
Ferryboata N N N 20 21 22 22 24 25 29 32
Commuter rail N N N 53 62 63 62 63 69 73 71
Otherb N N N <1 < 1 < 1 < 1 < 1 <1 <1 <1
Energy consumption, other, total (million gallons) 192 69 11 34 65 71 76 83 90 93 103
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuelsh,16 192 68 11 33 60 61 61 59 53 49 48
Compressed natural gas U U U U 5 11 15 24 37 44 55
Energy consumption, total (million kWh) 17 2,908 17 2,561 17 2,446 4,837 5,081 5,068 5,007 4,988 5,073 5,237 5,510
Motor bus NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Heavy rail17 N N N 3,284 3,431 3,401 3,332 3,253 3,280 3,385 3,549
Light rail N N N 239 282 288 321 361 381 416 463
Trolley bus N N N 69 103 100 69 78 74 75 77
Demand responsive NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Ferryboata NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Commuter rail N N N 1,226 1,244 1,253 1,255 1,270 1,299 1,322 1,370
Otherb N N N 19 21 26 30 26 39 39 51

 

SAFETY18 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 P2000
Fatalities, all modes N N N 339 320 274 264 275 286 299 295
Injured persons, all modes N N N 54,556 58,193 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697
Incidents, all modes N N N 90,163 70,693 62,471 59,392 61,561 60,094 58,703 59,898

KEY: ~ = included in heavy rail figure; + = included in motor bus figure; kWh = kilowatt hours; N = data do not exist; NA = not applicable; P = preliminary; U = data are not available.

a Excludes international, rural, rural interstate, island and urban park ferries.

b Includes cable car, inclined plane, aerial tramway, monorail, vanpool, and automated guideway.

c Beginning in 1992, local operating assistance and other revenue declined by about $500 million due to change in accounting procedures at the New York City Transit Authority. Beginning in 1992, total operating expense declined by about $400 million due to a change in accounting procedures at the New York City Transit Authority.

d Included in other.

e The total figure represents the number of transit agencies. It is not the sum of all modes since many agencies operate more than one mode.

f Based on employee equivalents of 2,080 hours equals one employee; beginning in 1993, based on number of actual employees.

g Includes cable car, inclined plane, aerial tramway, monorail, and automated guideway.

h Liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, propane, and other nondiesel fuels, except compressed natural gas.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 American Public Transit Association, 2002 Transportation Fact Book, (Washington, DC: 2002), 2001 edition, tables 18, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

2 Ibid., 2001 edition table 17 and similar tables in earlier years.

3 Ibid., 2001 edition tables 25, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

4 Ibid., 2001 edition table 23 and similar tables in earlier years.

5 Ibid., 2002 edition tables 18, 30, and 84, and similar tables for prior years.

6 Ibid., 2001 edition table 20 and similar tables in earlier years.

7 Ibid., 2001 edition table 1 and similar tables in earlier years.

8 Ibid., 2001 edition tables 46, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

9 Ibid., 2001 edition tables 62, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

10 Ibid., 2001 edition tables 42, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

11 Ibid., 2001 edition tables 26, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

12 Ibid., 2001 edition tables 30, 84, and similar tables in earlier years.

13 Ibid., 2001 edition table 39 and similar tables in earlier years.

14 Ibid., 2001 edition table 44 and similar tables in earlier years.

15 Ibid., 2001 edition table 65 and similar tables in earlier years.

16 Ibid., 2001 edition table 66 and similar tables in earlier years.

17 Ibid., 2001 edition table 67 and similar tables in earlier years.

18 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS), (Washington, DC: Annual reports).