Truck Profile

Truck Profile

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FINANCIAL 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Operating revenues, totala,1 (based on SIC) ($ millions) N N N 127,314 161,806 172,743 183,153 N N N
Local trucking N N N 31,397 43,830 46,589 49,972 N N N
Trucking, except local N N N 74,465 91,675 97,586 103,847 N N N
Local trucking with storage N N N 4,115 5,154 5,502 5,860 N N N
Courier services, except by air N N N 17,337 21,147 23,066 23,474 N N N
Operating expenses, totala (based on SIC) ($ millions) N N N 118,968 151,628 162,825 170,998 N N N
Local trucking N N N 28,049 38,695 41,325 43,871 N N N
Trucking, except local N N N 70,965 88,061 94,390 98,570 N N N
Local trucking with storage N N N 3,885 4,817 5,121 5,439 N N N
Courier services, except by air N N N 16,069 20,055 21,989 23,118 N N N
Operating revenues, totalb,2 (based on NAICS) ($ millions) N N N N N N N 195,706 209,438 224,464
Truck transportation N N N N N N N 150,816 162,083 171,691
Couriers messengers N N N N N N N 44,890 47,355 52,773
Truck highway-user taxes, totalc ($ millions) 2,830 5,632 9,888 19,356 25,117 U 28,010 28,697 30,502 U
State3 1,709 3,429 6,731 12,691 13,844 U 15,750 15,611 16,266 U
Federal 1,121 2,203 3,157 6,665 11,273 U 12,260 13,086 14,236 U

 

INVENTORY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Number of truck registrations, total 11,914,249 4,586,487 5,790,653 6,195,876 6,719,421 7,012,615 7,083,326 7,732,270 7,791,426 8,022,649
Single-unit truck N 10 3,681,405 10 4,373,784 10 4,486,981 13 5,023,670 13 5,266,029 13 5,293,358 13 5,734,925 13 5,762,864 13 5,926,030
Combination truck N 905,082 1,416,869 1,708,895 1,695,751 1,746,586 1,789,968 1,997,345 2,028,562 2,096,619
Number of employees                    
Trucking and courier services, except air N 11 998,500 11 1,182,000 11 1,273,900 12 1,440,000 12 1,482,100 12 1,514,200 12 1,568,800 12 1,613,700 12 1,630,500
Truck drivers and deliverymen4 1,477,000 1,565,000 1,931,000 2,148,000 2,861,000 2,542,000 2,602,000 3,012,000 3,116,000 U
Number of trucking and courier establishmentsa,5 N 64,756 69,796 90,709 112,887 116,861 121,111 119,572 120,687 122,713

 

PERFORMANCE 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Vehicle-miles, total rural and urban (millions) 127,404 52,146 83,380 110,453 134,805 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 R205,520
Rural highway, total 9 84,508 29,175 43,665 53,903 62,680 109,480 114,698 115,142 117,941 R120,410
Rural interstate N 9 10,069 9 25,111 9 35,789 13 43,351 13 45,721 13 49,336 13 49,896 13 51,049 R,13 52,484
Rural other arterial N 17,625 24,789 31,331 37,056 37,875 39,193 39,724 40,691 R41,649
Other rural roads N 11,550 18,876 22,572 25,624 25,884 26,169 25,522 26,201 R26,277
Urban highwayd, total 42,896 22,971 39,715 56,550 72,125 73,491 76,779 81,238 84,747 R85,110
Urban interstate N 5,634 13,135 22,163 25,639 26,256 28,549 30,193 32,286 R32,181
Other urban streets N 17,337 26,580 34,387 46,486 47,235 48,230 51,045 52,461 R52,929
Passenger-milese, total (millions) 127,405 62,215 108,491 146,242 178,156 182,971 191,477 196,380 202,688 R205,520
Single-unit truckf 98,551 27,081 39,813 51,901 62,705 64,072 66,893 68,021 70,304 R70,500
Combination truck 28,854 35,134 68,678 94,341 115,451 118,899 124,584 128,359 132,384 R135,020
Ton-miles, intercity6 (millions) 285,000 412,000 555,000 735,000 921,000 972,000 996,000 1,027,000 1,093,000 U
Fuel consumed, all trucks (million gallons) 4 15,882 11,316 19,960 24,490 28,993 29,601 29,878 31,975 33,909 R35,229
Single-unit truck N 10 3,968 10 6,923 10 8,357 13 9,216 13 9,409 13 9,576 13 6,817 13 9,372 R,13 9,563
Combination truck N 7,348 13,037 16,133 19,777 20,192 20,302 25,158 24,537 R25,666
Average fuel consumption per vehicle, all trucks (gallons) 1,333 2,467 3,447 3,953 4,315 4,221 4,218 4,135 4,352 R4,391
Single-unit truck N 1,078 1,583 1,862 1,835 1,787 1,809 1,189 1,626 R1,614
Combination truck N 8,119 9,201 9,441 11,663 11,561 11,342 12,596 12,096 R12,241
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed, all trucks 8.0 5.5 5.4 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8
Single-unit truck N 6.8 5.8 6.2 6.8 6.8 7.0 10.0 7.5 7.4
Combination truck N 4.8 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.1 5.4 5.3
Average miles traveled per vehicle, all trucks 10,693 13,565 18,736 23,603 26,514 26,092 27,032 25,397 26,014 R25,617
Single-unit truck N 7,356 9,103 11,567 12,482 12,167 12,637 11,861 12,199 R11,897
Combination truck N 38,819 48,472 55,206 68,083 68,075 69,601 64,265 65,260 R64,399
Average length of haul (domestic freight)7 (miles) 272 263 363 391 416 426 435 442 458 U

 

SAFETY 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Occupant fatalities, all trucks N N 8,748 9,306 10,216 10,553 10,972 11,447 12,024 12,280
Light truck8 N N 7,486 8,601 9,568 9,932 10,249 10,705 11,265 11,526
Large truck N N 1,262 705 648 621 723 742 759 754
Occupant fatality rate                    
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, all trucks N N 2.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Light truck N N 2.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Large truck N N 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, all trucks N N 2.4 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Light truck N N 2.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Large truck N N 2.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)                    
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, all trucks N N 4.5 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Light truck N N 4.3 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Large truck N N 5.0 3.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, all trucks N N 5.0 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Light truck N N 4.2 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Large truck N N 9.3 7.7 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.4 6.3 6.1

KEY: N = data do not exist; U = data are not available.

aLocal trucking (SIC 4212) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing trucking or transfer services without storage for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.

Trucking, except local (SIC 4213) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing "over-the-road" trucking services or trucking services and storage services, including household goods either as common carriers or under special or individual contracts or agreements, for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.

Local trucking, without storage (SIC 4214) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing both trucking and storage services, including household goods.

Courier services, except by air (SIC 4215) - Establishments primarily engaged in the delivery of individually addressed letters, parcels, and packages (generally under 100 pounds).

b Truck transportation (NAICS 484) - Industries primarily engaged in over-the-road transportation of cargo using motor vehicles, truck-tractors, and trailers.

Couriers and messengers (NAICS 492) - Establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined courier delivery services of parcels or primarily engaged in furnishing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan area or urban center.

c Numbers may not equal totals due to rounding.

d Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.

e Highway passenger-miles are calculated by multiplying vehicle-miles of travel as cited by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by the average number of occupants for each vehicle type as estimated by the FHWA using the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey.

f Includes other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle in 1960.

NOTE

In 1995, FHWA revised its vehicle type categories. These new categories include passenger car, other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more truck, and combination truck. Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles include vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles. In previous years, some minivans and sport/utility vehicles were included in the passenger car category. Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks are on a single frame with at least 2 axles and 6 tires.

SOURCES

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1 U.S. Census Bureau, Transportation Annual Survey (Washington, DC: December 1998), table 1.

2 Ibid., Service Annual Survey, 2001 (Washington, DC: December 2002), table 2.2.

3 American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

4 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 35.

5 U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 2 (NAICS 484 and 492/SIC 421), and similar tables in earlier editions.

6 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 12.

7 Ibid, p. 51.

8 U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 2001, DOT HS 809 484 (Washington, DC: December 2002), tables 3, 8 and 9, and Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Query, Sept. 10, 2002.

9 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201.

10 Ibid., table VM-201A.

11 U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 421.

12 Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov as of Aug. 17, 2001. (Code: 414210).

13 U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.