Table 2-2: Injured Persons by Transportation Mode

Table 2-2: Injured Persons by Transportation Mode

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
TOTAL injured persons U U U U U U U U U 3,127,134 3,202,029 3,325,081 3,517,767 3,532,287 3,397,512 3,241,660 3,284,450 3,240,424 U U
Aira                                        
U.S. air carrierb N N 107 81 19 19 30 29 26 22 19 31 25 77 43 30 67 27 16 P20
Commuter carrierc N N N N 14 14 14 11 31 7 2 6 17 2 1 2 2 7 4 P0
On-demand air taxid N N N N 43 43 44 36 26 19 24 32 14 22 23 10 14 12 23 P13
General aviatione N N 715 769 681 681 501 409 432 408 385 415 396 365 350 327 322 310 322 P312
Highway, total N N N N N N N 3,230,666 3,096,870 3,069,603 3,149,164 3,265,928 3,465,279 3,483,319 3,347,614 3,192,035 3,236,238 3,188,750 3,032,672 2,925,758
Passenger car occupants N N N N N N N 2,376,439 2,234,594 2,231,703 2,264,809 2,363,595 2,469,358 2,458,080 2,340,612 2,201,375 2,137,503 2,051,609 1,926,625 1,804,788
Motorcyclists N N N N N N N 84,285 80,435 65,099 59,436 57,405 57,480 55,281 52,574 48,974 49,986 57,723 60,236 64,713
Truck occupantsf, light N N N N N N N 505,144 562,601 544,657 600,874 631,411 722,496 761,478 754,820 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338
Truck occupantsf, large N N N N N N N 41,822 28,031 33,778 32,102 30,208 30,344 32,760 30,913 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242
Bus occupants N N N N N N N 32,691 20,959 20,144 17,056 15,767 19,214 20,291 16,887 15,559 21,958 17,769 15,427 18,819
Pedestrians N N N N N N N 104,805 88,446 89,184 94,001 91,987 85,837 81,797 77,011 68,955 85,235 77,625 77,619 70,664
Pedalcyclists N N N N N N N 74,903 67,088 62,691 67,916 62,489 66,572 58,158 57,802 53,379 51,290 51,160 45,277 48,011
Otherg N N N N N N N 10,578 14,716 22,348 12,969 13,065 13,977 15,473 16,995 12,519 10,509 15,466 17,536 13,182
Railroadh                                        
Highway-rail grade crossing 3,367 3,725 3,272 3,860 3,550 3,550 2,687 2,407 2,094 1,975 1,837 1,961 1,894 1,610 1,540 1,303 1,396 1,219 R1,157 P999
Railroad 16,113 21,930 17,934 50,138 58,696 58,696 31,617 22,736 21,374 19,408 17,284 14,851 12,546 10,948 10,227 10,156 10,304 10,424 R9,828 P10,067
Transiti N N N N N N N 54,556 52,125 55,089 52,668 58,193 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697 U U
Waterborne, totalj N N U U U U U U U 5,334 5,173 5,976 6,119 5,992 5,713 5,288 4,954 5,052 4,980 P4,738
Vessel-relatedk N N 105 97 180 180 172 175 110 162 166 174 145 223 121 135 131 R130 181 P157
Not related to vessel casualtiesk N N U U U U U U U 1,489 1,448 1,718 1,833 1,327 1,037 R541 R508 R567 525 P 519
Recreational boating 929 927 780 2,136 2,650 2,650 2,757 3,822 3,967 3,683 3,559 4,084 4,141 4,442 4,555 4,612 4,315 4,355 4,274 4,062
Pipeline, total N N 254 231 192 192 126 76 98 118 111 1,971 64 127 77 82 20 81 10 50
Hazardous liquid pipeline N N 21 17 15 15 18 7 9 38 10 1,858 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0
Gas pipeline N N 233 214 177 177 108 69 89 80 101 113 53 114 72 76 R88 77 R51 50

KEY: N = data do not exist; P = preliminary; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Injuries classified as serious. See definitions of injuries in the glossary.

b All scheduled and nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 121. Since March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

c All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (commuter air carriers). Before March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since March 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data.

d Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (on-demand air taxis).

e All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

f Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

g Includes occupants of other unknown vehicle types and other nonmotorists.

h Includes Amtrak. Figures include those injuries resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents. Injury figures also include occupational illness. Railroad injuries data for 1970 and before are not comparable with post-1970 data due to change in reporting system. Highway-rail grade crossing injuries are counted under highway, except train occupants.

i Includes motor bus, commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, demand responsive, van pool, and automated guideway. Transit injuries include those resulting from all reportable incidents, not just from accidents.

j Vessel-related injuries include those involving damage to vessels, such as collisions or groundings. Injuries not related to vessel casualties include those from falls overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

k 1992-2001 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System and 2002 data come from the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.

NOTE

The motor vehicle injury data in this table come from the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's General Estimates System (GES). The data from GES, which began operation in 1988, are obtained from a nationally representative probability sample selected from all police-reported crashes. The GES sample includes only crashes where a police accident report was completed and the crash resulted in property damage, injury, or death. The resulting figures do not take into account crashes that were not reported to the police or did not result in property damage. The 1993 National Transportation Statistics (NTS) Historical Compendium and earlier editions used injury figures estimated by the National Safety Council, which used a different set of methods to arrive at its figures. Thus, the injury figures in this edition of NTS may not be comparable with those found in the Compendium and earlier editions.

Numbers may not add to totals because some injuries are counted in more than one mode. To avoid double counting, the following adjustments have been made in the total injured row:

most (not all) highway-rail grade crossing injuries have not been added because most (not all) such injuries involve motor vehicles and are already included in highway injuries;

for transit, all commuter rail injuries and motor-bus, trolley-bus, demand-responsive, and van-pool injuries arising from accidents have been subtracted because they are counted as railroad, highway, or highway-rail grade crossing injuries.

The reader cannot reproduce the total injuries count in this table by simply leaving out the number of highway-rail grade crossing injuries in the sum and subtracting the above transit submodes, because in so doing, grade-crossing injuries not involving motor vehicles would be left out (see table 2-35 on rail). An example of such an injury is a bicyclist injured by a train at a grade crossing.

SOURCE

Air:

U.S. air carrier:

1970-94: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1995-2002: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communications, Aug. 8, 1996, Mar. 10, 1999, March 23, 2000, May 7, 2002, Sept. 11, 2002, and May 5, 2003.

Commuter carrier, and on-demand air taxi:

1980-94: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1995-2002: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communications, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, May 7, 2002, Sept. 11, 2002, and May 5, 2003.

General aviation:

1970-94: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

1995-2002: Ibid., Analysis and Data Division, personal communications, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, May 7, 2002, Sept. 11, 2002, and May 5, 2003.

Highway:

1990-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts 1999, DOT HS 809 100 (Washington, DC: December 2000), table 4.

2000-02: Ibid., General Estimates System Database and personal communication, Dec. 9, 2003.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossings:

1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1975: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Policy and Program Development, personal communication.

1980-91: Ibid., Rail-Highway Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table S.

1991-2001: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2001 (Washington, DC: July 2003), tables 1-1 and 8-13, available at Internet site http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety.

2002: Ibid., Preliminary data available at Internet site http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/Prelim/2002/r01.htm as of Dec. 3, 2003.

Railroad:

1960-70: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Highway-Rail Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 7.

1992-2001: Ibid., Railroad Safety Statistics Annual Report 2001 (Washington, DC: July 2003), tables 1-1 and 8-13, available at Internet site http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety.

2002: Ibid., Preliminary data available at Internet site http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/Prelim/2002/r01.htm as of Dec. 3, 2003.

Transit:

1990-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Safety Management Information Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

Water:

Vessel- and nonvessel-related:

1970-91: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, (G-MOA-2), personal communication, Apr. 13, 1999.

1992-2002: Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communications, Dec. 12, 2001 and May 28, 2003.

Recreational boating:

1960-2001: Ibid., Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), also available at Internet site http://www.uscgboating.org as of July 25, 2003.

2002: Ibid., Boating Statistics 2002 - Executive Summary, available at Internet site http://www.uscgboating.org as of Dec. 10, 2003.

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, personal communication and Internet site http://ops.dot.gov as of June 3, 2003.