Table 2-18: Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Vehicle-Miles, and Associated Rates by Highway Functional System

Table 2-18: Motor Vehicle Fatalities, Vehicle-Miles, and Associated Rates by Highway Functional System

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Fatalities

  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Rural, total 29,545 24,492 25,786 23,978 24,510 24,889 24,751 25,185 23,640 23,396 25,693
Interstate 2,263 2,141 2,707 2,675 2,905 3,033 3,105 3,244 3,199 3,105 3,297
Other arterialsa 12,268 9,940 9,893 9,947 9,458 9,821 9,594 9,573 8,913 8,692 9,358
Collectorb 10,004 8,209 8,852 7,401 7,481 7,578 7,593 7,595 7,147 7,305 7,974
Local 5,010 4,202 4,334 3,955 4,666 4,457 4,459 4,773 4,381 4,294 5,064
Urban, total 21,546 19,333 18,813 17,839 17,555 17,078 16,143 15,970 15,695 15,219 16,759
Interstate 2,184 2,025 2,252 2,154 2,323 2,281 2,283 2,353 2,388 2,371 2,452
Other arterialsa 12,752 12,521 11,742 10,916 10,756 10,243 9,902 9,628 9,442 8,838 9,702
Collector 2,226 1,696 1,427 1,441 1,290 1,399 1,037 1,031 987 1,007 1,136
Local 4,384 3,091 3,392 3,328 3,186 3,155 2,921 2,958 2,878 3,003 3,469

Vehicle-miles of travel (VMT)

(Millions)

  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Rural, total 672,030 730,728 868,878 933,289 960,194 999,277 1,032,528 1,062,623 1,084,961 1,105,083 1,128,160
Interstate 135,084 154,357 200,173 223,382 232,565 240,255 251,520 260,166 268,960 274,024 279,962
Other arterialsa 262,774 282,803 330,866 368,595 378,847 392,057 403,484 413,320 420,569 426,945 433,805
Collectorb 189,468 206,669 240,460 236,148 241,030 254,100 257,868 264,453 267,521 270,962 275,007
Local 84,704 86,899 97,379 105,164 107,752 112,865 119,656 124,684 127,911 133,152 139,386
Urban, total 855,265 1,044,098 1,275,484 1,489,534 1,523,886 1,552,956 1,595,620 1,627,618 1,664,842 1,676,379 1,727,596
Interstate 161,242 216,188 278,901 341,528 351,579 361,433 374,622 383,259 393,580 399,890 408,618
Other arterialsa 484,189 578,270 699,233 815,170 834,623 846,627 862,996 878,153 900,161 913,726 937,357
Collector 83,043 89,578 106,297 126,929 129,310 130,146 131,905 131,603 135,371 137,922 141,874
Local 126,791 160,062 191,053 205,907 208,374 214,750 226,097 234,603 235,730 224,841 239,747

Fatality rates per 100 million vehicle miles

  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Rural, total 4.40 3.35 2.97 2.57 2.55 2.49 2.40 2.37 2.18 2.12 2.28
Interstate 1.68 1.39 1.35 1.20 1.25 1.26 1.23 1.25 1.19 1.13 1.18
Other arterialsa 4.67 3.51 2.99 2.70 2.50 2.50 2.38 2.32 2.12 2.04 2.16
Collectorb 5.28 3.97 3.68 3.13 3.10 2.98 2.94 2.87 2.67 2.70 2.90
Local 5.91 4.84 4.45 3.76 4.33 3.95 3.73 3.83 3.43 3.22 3.63
Urban, total 2.52 1.85 1.47 1.20 1.15 1.10 1.01 0.98 0.94 0.91 0.97
Interstate 1.35 0.94 0.81 0.63 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.59 0.60
Other arterialsa 2.63 2.17 1.68 1.34 1.29 1.21 1.15 1.10 1.05 0.97 1.04
Collector 2.68 1.89 1.34 1.14 1.00 1.07 0.79 0.78 0.73 0.73 0.80
Local 3.46 1.93 1.78 1.62 1.53 1.47 1.29 1.26 1.22 1.34 1.45

a For urban: the sum of other freeways and expressways, other principal arterials, and minor arterials.

For rural: the sum of other principal arterials and minor arterials.

b Collector is the sum of major and minor collectors (rural only).

NOTES:

Includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Fatality figures reflect original figures received by FHWA from NHTSA, and, when totaled, differ slightly from the revised NHTSA figures that appear in other tables in this volume.

SOURCES:

Fatalities:

1980-95: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of Oct. 25, 2000.

1996-97: Ibid., Highway Statistics, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of January 2003, table FI 1.

1998-2002: Ibid., Highway Statistics, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/hs01/fi20.htm as of July 2004, table FI-20.

Vehicle miles:

1980-95: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-202.

1996-2002: Ibid., Highway Statistics, Internet site http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/ohimstat.htm as of July 2004, table VM-2.

Fatality rates:

Calculated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.