Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

Table A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States

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  1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
TOTAL U.S. resident populationa (thousands) 226,546 237,924 248,791 262,803 265,229 267,784 270,248 272,691 281,422 284,797
Ageb (thousands)                    
Under 18 63,754 62,623 63,949 68,555 69,109 69,603 69,903 70,199 72,294 72,552
18-24 years 30,022 28,902 26,961 25,112 24,843 24,980 25,476 26,011 27,142 27,831
25-34 37,082 41,696 43,174 40,730 40,246 39,559 38,743 37,936 39,892 39,607
35-44 25,634 31,691 37,444 42,555 43,365 44,014 44,498 44,813 45,149 45,019
45-54 22,800 22,460 25,062 31,100 32,358 33,625 34,575 35,802 37,678 39,188
55-64 21,703 22,135 21,116 21,132 21,353 21,816 22,666 23,389 24,275 25,308
65 and over 25,550 28,415 31,083 33,619 33,957 34,185 34,385 34,540 34,992 35,291
Sexc (thousands)                    
Male 110,053 116,160 121,284 128,294 129,504 130,783 132,030 133,277 138,054 139,813
Female 116,493 122,576 127,507 134,510 135,724 137,001 138,218 139,414 143,368 144,984
Metropolitan areasd (population in millions)                    
Large (over 1 million) 119 U 139 147 149 151 153 U 162 U
Medium (250,000-999,999) 41 U 41 44 44 43 43 U R45 U
Small (less than 250,000) 17 U 18 19 19 20 20 U R19 U
Rural / urbane (thousands)                    
Rural 59,495 U 61,656 U U U U U 59,061 U
Urban 167,051 U 187,053 U U U U U 222,361 U
Regionsf (millions)                    
Northeast 49.1 49.9 50.8 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 53.6 53.8
South 75.4 81.4 85.5 91.8 92.9 94.2 95.3 96.5 100.2 101.8
Midwest 58.9 58.8 59.7 62.0 62.4 62.7 63.0 63.2 64.4 64.7
West 43.2 47.8 52.8 57.6 58.4 59.3 60.3 61.2 63.2 64.5
Immigrants admittedg 530,639 570,009 1,536,483 720,461 915,900 798,378 654,451 646,568 849,807 1,064,318
Total areah (square miles) 3,618,770 U 3,717,796 U U U U U 3,794,083 U
Gross domestic producti (chained $ 1996 billions) 4,900.9 5,717.1 6,707.9 7,543.8 7,813.2 8,159.5 8,508.9 R8,859.0 R9,191.4 9,214.5
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 66.5 97.5 118.3 123.1 130.4 143.7 145.5 R154.6 R166.7 163.9
Manufacturing 832.3 987.9 1,102.3 1,284.7 1,316.0 1,387.2 1,444.3 R1,513.9 R1,585.4 1,490.3
Mining 90.6 96.2 105.8 113.0 113.0 117.0 119.7 R114.7 R101.9 106.8
Construction 249.4 270.5 287.5 299.6 316.4 324.6 348.9 R367.8 R378.0 371.9
Transportation 154.0 170.9 180.6 225.1 243.4 248.9 257.9 R268.6 R282.5 270.3
Wholesale / retail trade 621.5 822.7 954.6 1,124.4 1,216.7 1,329.4 1,463.3 R1,554.8 R1,659.4 1,699.9
Finance, insurance, real estate 1,003.1 1,125.5 1,250.6 1,393.0 1,436.8 1,520.8 1,622.1 R1,688.3 R1,793.5 1,843.5
Services 928.1 1,103.3 1,361.9 1,510.4 1,564.2 1,632.2 1,699.0 R1,768.4 R1,826.0 1,843.3
Total civilian labor force (thousands) 106,940 115,461 125,840 132,304 133,943 136,297 137,673 139,368 140,863 141,815
Participation rate of men (percent) 77.4 76.3 76.4 75.0 74.9 75.0 74.9 74.7 R74.8 74.4
Participation rate of women (percent) 51.5 54.5 57.5 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0 R59.9 59.8
Number of households (thousands) 80,776 86,789 93,347 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 103,874 R104,705 108,209
Average size of households 2.76 2.69 2.63 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 R2.62 2.58
Median household incomej,k (constant $ 2001) 36,035 37,059 39,324 39,306 39,869 40,699 42,173 43,335 43,162 42,228
Average household expendituresk (constant $ 2001) U 36,858 37,273 37,215 37,965 38,295 38,540 39,297 39,107 39,518

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Estimates as of July except 1980 and 1990, which are as of April 1.

b Total population count has been revised since the 1980 census. Numbers by age have not been corrected and may not sum to total.

c 1995 through 1999 data are estimates.

d Defined as Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas, as of July 1, 1994.

e As of April 1 of year indicated. The Census Bureau only tabulates urban / rural numbers for the decennial census years.

f As of July 1 for all years except 1980 and 1990.

g Fiscal year ending September 30.

h The Census Bureau calculates square mileage comprising land and water area for the decennial census years. Data for 1980 comprises land and inland water. Data for 1990 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, and coastal water. Data for 2000 comprises land, Great Lakes, inland water, territorial water, and coastal water.

i Estimates for 1980 and 1985 are shown on the basis of the 1972 Standard Industrial Code (SIC); 1990-2001 are based on the 1987 SIC. Values expressed as chained 1996 dollars using industry-specific, chain-type quantity indices from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

j Households as of March of following year.

k Converted to constant 2001 dollars using the CPI-U-RS price index.

SOURCES

U.S. resident population:

1980-99: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 15.

2000-01: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 15.

Age:

1980-99: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 12.

2000-01: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 15.

Sex:

1980-99: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 10.

2000-01: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 12.

Metropolitan areas:

1980-90, 1998: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 32.

2000: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 28.

Rural / urban:

1980-1990: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 37.

2000: Ibid., Census 2000: Summary File 2 (SF 2), Internet site http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2001/sumfile2.html as of June 18, 2003.

Regions:

1990-99: Ibid., Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/st-99-3.txt as of Dec. 29, 1999.

2000-01: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 18.

Immigrants:

1980-85: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1990 (Washington, DC: 1990), table 6.

1990-96: Ibid., Statistical Abstract of the United States 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), table 6.

1997: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Policy and Planning, Statistics Branch, Annual Report, Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 2000, No. 6, January 2002, Internet site http://www.bcis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/IMM2000AR.pdf as of June 18, 2003.

1998-2001: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Office of Policy and Planning, Statistics Branch, Annual Report, Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 2001, No. 7, August 2002, Internet site http://www.bcis.gov/graphics/shared/aboutus/statistics/IMM2001.pdf as of June 18, 2003.

Total area:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC:2003), table 1.

Gross domestic product:

1980-90: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business (Washington, DC: November 1997).

1995-96: Ibid., November 1998.

1997: Ibid., November 2001.

1998-2002: Ibid., November 2002.

Civilian labor force:

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2002 (Washington, DC: 2003), table 560.

Participation rates:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Table 2, Employment Status of the Civilian Noninstitutional Population 16 years and Over by Sex, 1971 to Date, Internet site ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/lf/aat2.txt as of June 18, 2003.

Number of households:

1980-2001: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-1, Households by Type: 1940 to Present, Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/hh-fam/tabHH-1.pdf as of June 17, 2003.

Average size of households:

1980-2001: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Table HH-6, Average Population Per Household and Family: 1940 to Present, Internet site http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/hh-fam/tabHH-6.pdf as of June 17, 2003.

Median household income:

Ibid., Current Population Survey, Table H-5, Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder -- Households by Median and Mean Income: 1967-2001, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/h05.html as of June 17, 2003.

Average household expenditures:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Average Annual Expenditures and Characteristics of All Consumer Units, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1984-92, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/cex/1992/standard/multiyr.pdf as of June 17, 2003; Ibid., Average Annual Expenditures and Characteristics of All Consumer Units, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1993-2001, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/cex/2001/standard/multiyr.pdf as of June 17, 2003.