Table 1-10: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline Mileage

Table 1-10: U.S. Oil and Gas Pipeline Mileage

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003
Oil pipeline, total 190,944 210,867 218,671 225,889 218,393 213,605 208,752 181,912 176,996 158,489 161,189 160,868
Crude linesa 141,085 149,424 146,275 145,679 129,831 117,812 118,805 97,029 85,480 U U U
Product lines 49,859 61,443 72,396 80,210 88,562 95,793 89,947 84,883 91,516 U U U
Gas pipelineb, total 630,950 767,520 913,267 979,263 1,051,774 1,118,875 (R) 1,189,200 (R) 1,277,600 (R) 1,369,300 (R) 1,373,500 1,411,381 U
Distribution mains 391,400 494,500 594,800 648,200 701,800 753,400 (R) 864,600 (R) 949,800 (R) 1,045,600 (R) 1,066,300 1,079,565 U
Transmission pipelinesc 183,700 211,300 252,200 262,600 266,500 271,200 (R) 292,200 (R) 296,900 (R) 296,600 (R) 287,100 309,503 U
Gathering linesd 55,800 61,700 66,300 68,500 83,500 94,300 (R) 32,400 (R) 30,900 (R) 27,100 (R) 20,100 22,313 U

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Includes trunk and gathering lines.

b Excludes service pipe. Data are not adjusted to common diameter equivalent. Mileage as of the end of each year.

c After 1975, includes 5,000-6,200 miles of underground storage pipe.

d Before 1990, data include field line mileage.

NOTE

In the past, mileage data reported in Gas Facts was taken from the American Gas Association's member survey, the Uniform Statistical Report, supplemented with estimates for companies that did not participate. For 2002 and revised data back to 1990, Gas Facts mileage data is now based on information reported to the U.S. Department of Transportation on Form 7100.

SOURCES

Oil pipeline:

1960-2000: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2002(Washington, DC: 2002), p. 58.

2001-03: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Pipeline Statistics, Internet site http://ops.dot.gov/stats.htm as of Dec. 8, 2004.

Gas pipeline:

1960-2002: American Gas Association, Gas Facts (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 5-1 and 5-3, and similar tables in earlier editions.