Table 1-34: U.S. Air Carrier Aircraft Departures, Enplaned Revenue Passengers, and Enplaned Revenue Tons

Table 1-34: U.S. Air Carrier Aircraft Departures, Enplaned Revenue Passengers, and Enplaned Revenue Tons

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  1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 (R) 2000 (R) 2001 2002 2003
AIRCRAFT DEPARTURES                  
Total performeda 4,555,516 5,156,848 5,505,659 6,641,681 8,030,530 8,957,993 8,576,964 8,224,121 8,804,262
Total scheduled 4,530,535 5,204,564 5,591,596 6,758,571 7,920,467 8,680,059 8,367,753 8,163,234 8,719,284
Large hubs                  
Performed 2,437,958 2,887,239 3,439,446 4,167,868 5,162,534 5,747,367 5,087,765 5,358,697 5,078,548
Scheduled 2,409,874 2,905,923 3,487,660 4,237,466 5,147,875 5,578,593 5,012,524 5,308,166 5,077,665
Medium hubs                  
Performed 902,652 1,048,726 1,185,008 1,394,833 1,439,639 1,713,370 1,990,393 1,498,772 1,924,962
Scheduled 899,543 1,058,438 1,201,540 1,417,762 1,387,833 1,645,385 1,897,953 1,490,040 1,901,540
Small hubs                  
Performed 640,589 598,559 514,176 669,450 738,231 780,396 815,700 747,715 1,015,831
Scheduled 644,133 608,738 524,048 679,103 711,947 761,263 796,472 777,324 983,410
Nonhubs                  
Performed 574,317 622,324 367,029 409,530 690,126 716,860 683,106 618,937 784,921
Scheduled 576,985 631,465 378,348 424,240 672,812 694,818 660,804 587,704 756,669
ENPLANED REVENUE PASSENGERSb 196,782,144 281,408,852 363,341,497 438,544,001 526,055,483 639,446,947 595,972,862 577,422,530 595,149,842
Large hubs 133,975,900 197,679,376 264,507,144 317,595,099 392,601,890 467,620,242 403,616,740 426,962,279 400,638,780
Medium hubs 36,539,613 51,664,627 65,770,376 80,466,373 85,929,285 113,405,037 133,153,039 97,578,535 126,876,982
Small hubs 19,406,607 23,393,324 24,240,726 30,771,383 33,561,098 40,389,121 40,692,711 37,713,263 49,025,098
Nonhubs 6,860,024 8,671,525 8,823,251 9,711,146 13,963,210 18,032,547 18,510,372 15,168,453 18,608,982
ENPLANED REVENUE TONS c 3,661,061 5,088,313 4,024,470 6,298,824 9,365,017 15,059,539 17,514,903 13,335,026 13,849,146
Freight, total 2,764,763 3,562,187 2,601,027 4,732,726 7,204,479 12,731,046 15,806,017 12,697,666 13,006,815
Large hubs 2,265,665 3,008,311 2,047,988 3,001,217 4,402,327 6,313,583 5,873,484 5,658,380 5,218,742
Medium hubs 358,044 414,325 469,057 1,446,744 1,950,318 4,795,686 6,802,985 5,380,734 4,132,885
Small hubs 99,133 73,795 48,127 191,358 541,062 954,430 2,236,951 931,033 2,521,107
Nonhubs 41,922 65,756 35,855 93,407 310,772 667,346 892,597 727,519 1,133,081
Mail, total 896,298 1,526,125 1,423,443 1,566,098 2,160,538 2,328,494 1,708,886 637,361 842,331
Large hubs 677,179 1,091,059 1,082,567 1,146,589 1,546,568 1,647,633 1,104,674 481,719 628,115
Medium hubs 151,498 255,929 268,179 292,899 442,814 532,461 434,875 120,937 121,195
Small hubs 48,486 148,116 59,917 108,656 136,008 108,869 128,431 23,253 79,404
Nonhubs 19,134 31,021 12,781 17,954 35,149 39,531 40,907 11,452 13,617

KEY: R = revised.

a Total performed includes scheduled departures performed minus those scheduled departures that did not occur plus unscheduled service.

b The number of persons receiving air transportation from an air carrier for which renumeration is received by the carrier, excluding persons receiving reduced rate charges, such as air carrier employees, infants, and others (except ministers of religion, elderly individuals, and handicapped individuals).

c The number of short tons of freight transported by an air carrier aboard an aircraft.

NOTES

Data are for all scheduled and nonscheduled service by large certificated U.S. air carriers at all airports served within the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other U.S. areas designated by the Federal Aviation Administration. Not all scheduled service is actually performed. Moreover, for several years, total performed departures exceed total scheduled departures because nonscheduled departures are included in the totals. Prior to 1993, all scheduled and some nonscheduled enplanements for certificated air carriers were included; no enplanements were included for air carriers offering charter service only. Prior to 1990, freight includes both freight and express shipments, and mail includes priority and nonpriority U.S. mail and foreign mail; beginning in 1990, only aggregate numbers are reported.

Large certificated air carriers operate aircraft with seating capacity of more than 60 seats or a maximum payload capacity of more than 18,000 pounds and hold Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation authorizing the performance of air transportation. Data for commuter, intrastate, and foreign-flag air carriers are not included.

Air traffic hubs are designated as geographical areas based on the percentage of total passengers enplaned in the area. A hub may have more than one airport in it. (This definition of hub should not be confused with the definition used by the airlines in describing their "hub-and-spoke" route structures) Individual communities fall into four hub classifications as determined by each community's percentage of total enplaned revenue passengers in all services and all operations of U.S. certificated route carriers within the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other U.S. areas. Classifications are based on the percentage of total enplaned revenue passengers for each year according to the following: one percent or more = large, 0.25 to 0.9999 percent = medium, 0.05 to 0.249 percent = small, less than 0.05 = nonhub.

Data, include determination of airports' hub designations

SOURCE

1975-1999: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Airport Activity Statistics of Certified Route Air Carriers (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 2, 3, 4, and 5.

2000-2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Special Tabulation of data from the Office of Airline Information.